Tallahatchie County, Mississippi

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Tallahatchie County, Mississippi
Tallahatchie County Mississippi Courthouse.jpg
Tallahatchie County courthouse in Sumner
Map of Mississippi highlighting Tallahatchie County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded December 31, 1833
Seat Charleston and Sumner
Largest city Charleston
Area
 • Total 652.08 sq mi (1,689 km2)
 • Land 643.92 sq mi (1,668 km2)
 • Water 8.16 sq mi (21 km2), 1.25%
Population
 • (2010) 15,378
 • Density 23/sq mi (8.9/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Tallahatchie County is a county located in the Mississippi Delta region of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,378.1 Its county seats are Charleston and Sumner.2

History

The county was founded on December 31, 1833. Tallahatchie is a Choctaw name meaning "rock of waters".[1] The county is one of ten in Mississippi with two county seats, Charleston and Sumner. Charleston was the first county seat, and Sumner was organized later in 1872.

Charleston was founded in 1837, but its history antedates that. A settlement of five communities had grown up along the forks of Tillatoba Creek.

In 1833 the land was opened for settlement. There were only Indian trails at the time. Most of the settlers entered the county over what was called Charley's Trace, an Indian trail that came across from the Mississippi river and entered the hills about where Leverett is now located. Here the trail merged with a trail from the south and passed near the present site of Charleston.

Colonel Thomas Bailey came from Kentucky and formed the first settlement on the north fork of the creek which was about five miles to the northeast. He was later joined by James Bailey, Samuel Caruthers, William Flemming, M. Johnson, Willam Kendrick, Robert Thrasher, A. Patterson, and Kinchen Mayo who extended the settlement along the creek toward the Junction. Another settlement was started by the Priddys, the J. Houstons, Cade Alford and the Carson family who extended the settlement along the creek to the junction of three forks.

DeKalb and Tillatoba were founded on the north fork of the creek just west of the present town. Both towns wanted to be county seat of Tallahatchie, and Tillatoba succeeded. In 1837 the Board of Police found it necessary to abandon Tillatoba. There was a section of unsettled land in the heart of the first five settlements. This section of land had been granted to Greenwood LeFlore under the terms of the Dancing Rabbit Treaty of 1830. J.S. Topp & Co. had acquired this section of land and proposed to build the town of Charleston (named for Charleston, South Carolina) and to have this as the permanent county seat. In 1843 the county seat fight flared up again. The board voted to abandon Charleston, but Mr. Steel, the president of the Board of Police, refused to sign the minutes which killed the rally.

J.B. Sumner moved to this section in 1872 and founded what is now Sumner. The present site was a dense forest. He donated land for the railroad right-of-way, railroad park, courthouse square and jail lot. The next year Maria Church, a Presbyterian church, was erected. A post office was established in 1885 and the town incorporated in 1900.

From 1882 through 1884 disastrous floods and overflows of the river forced the people of Sumner to go by boat to Webb (which was at the time called Hood) for their supplies. From 1931 through 1933 there were overflows which inundated thousands of acres of farmland and destroyed much property.

The first court house was built in 1902 and destroyed by fire in 1908. The records were saved, but in 1909 the entire business section of the town burned and all records were destroyed.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 652.08 square miles (1,688.9 km2), of which 643.92 square miles (1,667.7 km2) (or 98.75%) is land and 8.16 square miles (21.1 km2) (or 1.25%) is water.3

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,985
1850 4,643 55.5%
1860 7,890 69.9%
1870 7,852 −0.5%
1880 10,926 39.1%
1890 14,361 31.4%
1900 19,600 36.5%
1910 29,078 48.4%
1920 35,953 23.6%
1930 35,568 −1.1%
1940 34,166 −3.9%
1950 30,486 −10.8%
1960 24,081 −21.0%
1970 19,338 −19.7%
1980 17,157 −11.3%
1990 15,210 −11.3%
2000 14,903 −2.0%
2010 15,378 3.2%
Est. 2012 15,111 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census4
2012 Estimate1

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,378 people residing in the county. 56.4% were Black or African American, 38.9% White, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.4% of some other race and 1.2% of two or more races. 5.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census5 of 2000, there were 14,903 people, 5,263 households, and 3,826 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 5,711 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 39.62% White, 59.43% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,263 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.50% were married couples living together, 23.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 87.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,229, and the median income for a family was $26,509. Males had a median income of $24,766 versus $18,972 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,749. About 26.80% of families and 32.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.80% of those under age 18 and 27.80% of those age 65 or over.

Tallahatchie County has the fourth lowest per capita income in Mississippi and the 46th lowest in the United States.

Government and infrastructure

Tallahatchie County Correctional Facility, a private prison operated by the Corrections Corporation of America on behalf of the Mississippi Department of Corrections, is located in an unincorporated area in the county, near Tutwiler.67 As of 2010 the prison serves as the Tallahatchie County's jail facility, in addition to housing prison inmates sentenced in California.8

Communities

Tallahatchie County MS 002.jpg

Education

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Tutwiler town, Mississippi." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on October 15, 2010.
  7. ^ "Five Private Prisons." Mississippi Department of Corrections. Retrieved on October 15, 2010.
  8. ^ "Tallahatchie County Correctional Facility." (Archive of later date) Corrections Corporation of America. Retrieved on October 15, 2010.

Coordinates: 33°57′N 90°10′W / 33.95°N 90.17°W / 33.95; -90.17








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