Tarrytown, New York

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Tarrytown, New York
Town
Lyndhurst, mansion of Jay Gould
Lyndhurst, mansion of Jay Gould
Location of Tarrytown, New York
Location of Tarrytown, New York
Coordinates: 41°4′9″N 73°51′35″W / 41.06917°N 73.85972°W / 41.06917; -73.85972Coordinates: 41°4′9″N 73°51′35″W / 41.06917°N 73.85972°W / 41.06917; -73.85972
Country United States
State New York
County Westchester
Area
 • Total 5.7 sq mi (14.7 km2)
 • Land 3.0 sq mi (7.7 km2)
 • Water 2.7 sq mi (7.0 km2)
Elevation 121 ft (37 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,277
 • Density 2,000/sq mi (770/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 10591
Area code(s) 914
FIPS code 36-73176
GNIS feature ID 0967065
Website www.tarrytowngov.com

Tarrytown is a village in the town of Greenburgh in Westchester County, New York, United States. It is located on the eastern bank of the Hudson River, about 25 miles (40 km) north of midtown Manhattan in New York City, and is served by a stop on the Metro-North Hudson Line. To the north of Tarrytown is the village of Sleepy Hollow (formerly "North Tarrytown"), to the south the village of Irvington and to the east unincorporated parts of Greenburgh. The Tappan Zee Bridge crosses the Hudson at Tarrytown, carrying the New York State Thruway (Interstates 87 and 287) to South Nyack, Rockland County and points in Upstate New York.

The population was 11,277 at the 2010 census.1

History

Illustration of Tarrytown c. 1828
1868 map
Kykuit, the estate of John D. Rockefeller

The first residents of what eventually became Tarrytown were the Native American Weckquaesgeek tribe, who were closely related to the Wappinger Confederacy and further related to the Mohicans. They fished the Hudson River for shad, oysters and other shellfish. Their principal settlement was at what is now the foot of Church Street near the Hudson River shore, between the current location of Losee Park and the Tappan Zee Bridge, at a place they called Alipconk, or the "Place of Elms".2

The first European settlers of Tarrytown were Dutch farmers, fur trappers, and fishermen. Records show that the first Dutch residence in Tarrytown was built in 1645; however, the exact location of this residence is not known. Tarrytown sits within the lands of the former Dutch Colony of New Netherland which became English territory in 1674 with the signing of the Treaty of Westminster.

In 1780, in a famous Revolutionary War incident, Major John André was arrested as a spy in Tarrytown. André, a British army officer, was traveling south through the village on the Albany Post Road when he was stopped and searched by three local militiamen. When suspicious papers were found in his boot, he was arrested as a spy and later convicted and hanged. A circumstantial account of the capture of André by militiamen David Williams, John Paulding and Isaac Van Wart, was written in 1903 by the owner and publisher of the Tarrytown Argus, Marcius D. Raymond.3

Tarrytown was described in 1820 by the writer Washington Irving in "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow". Irving began his story, "In the bosom of one of those spacious coves which indent the eastern shore of the Hudson, at that broad expansion of the river denominated by the ancient Dutch navigators of the Tappan Zee, and where they always prudently shortened sail and implored the protection of St. Nicholas when they crossed, there lies a small market town or rural port which by some is called Greenburgh, but which is more generally and properly known by the name of Tarry Town."2 The Underground Railroad ran through Tarrytown prior to the end of the U.S. Civil War.

Tarrytown later became a favorite residence for many rich New Yorkers, including John D. Rockefeller, who first moved to Tarrytown in 1893. Kykuit, Rockefeller's elaborate mansion, was completed in 1906. In 1914, Kykuit became the site of numerous labor protests by radical anarchists, which were broken up by police in a series of violent clashes.4 Kykuit was the intended target of at least two bombing attacks planned by anarchists associated with the radical journalists Alexander Berkman and Luigi Galleani.4

On November 19, 1915, a powerful dynamite bomb was discovered at Cedar Cliff, the Tarrytown estate of John D. Archbold, President of the Standard Oil Company.5 Police theorized the bomb was planted by anarchists and Industrial Workers of the World radicals as a protest against the execution of IWW member Joseph Hillstrom in Salt Lake City.56 The bomb was discovered by a gardener, John Walquist, who found four sticks of dynamite, weighing a pound each, half hidden in a rut in a driveway fifty feet from the front entrance of the residence.56 The dynamite sticks were bound together by a length of wire, fitted with percussion caps, and wrapped with a piece of paper matching the color of the driveway, a path used by Archbold in going to or from his home by automobile.5 The bomb was later defused by police.5

The Christ Episcopal Church, First Baptist Church of Tarrytown, Foster Memorial AME Zion Church, Washington Irving High School, North Grove Street Historic District, Patriot's Park, and Tarrytown Music Hall are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Lyndhurst and Sunnyside are listed as National Historic Landmarks.7

The General Motors car manufacturing plant North Tarrytown Assembly was located in North Tarrytown until 1996. Today's Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line runs through the abandoned property.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.7 square miles (15 km2), of which 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (47.54%) is water.

Climate data for Tarrytown, New York
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 38
(3)
42
(6)
51
(11)
62
(17)
72
(22)
81
(27)
85
(29)
83
(28)
76
(24)
65
(18)
54
(12)
43
(6)
62.7
(16.9)
Average low °F (°C) 22
(−6)
24
(−4)
30
(−1)
39
(4)
49
(9)
58
(14)
63
(17)
62
(17)
55
(13)
44
(7)
36
(2)
27
(−3)
42.4
(5.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.81
(96.8)
3.33
(84.6)
4.50
(114.3)
4.54
(115.3)
4.43
(112.5)
4.36
(110.7)
4.66
(118.4)
4.47
(113.5)
4.81
(122.2)
4.57
(116.1)
4.24
(107.7)
4.38
(111.3)
52.1
(1,323.4)
Source: The Weather Channel 8

Demographics

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 11,090 people, 4,533 households, and 2,765 families residing in the village. The population density was 3,724.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,436.9/km2). There were 4,688 housing units at an average density of 1,574.5 per square mile (607.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 77.44% White, 7.04% African American, 0.22% Native American, 6.49% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 5.29% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.17% of the population.

There were 4,533 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the village the population was spread out with 19.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $68,762, and the median income for a family was $82,445. Males had a median income of $61,699 versus $41,054 for females. The per capita income for the village was $39,472. About 1.8% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Possible merger with Sleepy Hollow

Sleepy Hollow Mayor Philip Zegarelli in March 2007 met with Tarrytown Mayor Drew Fixell and district superintendent Dr. Howard Smith to discuss forming a blue ribbon panel that would explore the pros and cons of an intermunicipal agreement.

The two villages have shared a school district for 55 years. The villages already shared some services to lower their expenses, but the greatest reductions, especially in school and property taxes, would come from merging the two villages.

The problem, Zegarelli said, is that each village has its own assessment roll. “People complain about taxes overall. In particular, they’re talking about school taxes,” he said. “By definition it's not equal. It's very important to have a standardized assessment roll.”

Zegarelli, who led an unsuccessful attempt in the mid-1970s to disaffiliate Sleepy Hollow from the town of Mount Pleasant, continues to advocate for secession — Sleepy Hollow from Mount Pleasant and Tarrytown from Greenburgh — as another way to save money. “If the idea is to save money, why have two levels of government?” he asked. The town of Mount Pleasant blocked Sleepy Hollow's effort to secede, largely because it did not want to lose tax revenue from General Motors, Zegarelli said.10

Transportation

Tarrytown Metro North Train Station

Tarrytown has access to highways I-87 and I-287, and is the site of the eastern end of the New York State Thruway's Tappan Zee Bridge. I-87 continues south to New York City, while I-287 heads east across Westchester to link up with the Saw Mill River Parkway, the Taconic State Parkway, the Sprain Brook Parkway, the Merritt Parkway/Hutchinson River Parkway and I-95.11

Tarrytown railway station is served by Metro-North Railroad commuter service.12 Metro-North trains go to New York City's Grand Central Terminal, and also go as far north as Poughkeepsie. Tarrytown is a major stop on the Hudson Line due to a large number of commuters crossing the Tappan Zee Bridge from Rockland County to catch express service to Manhattan.

Bee-Line Bus System service is also provided within Tarrytown:

Points of interest

Main Street, showing the Music Hall

Economy

Tarrytown serves as the headquarters for the following businesses:

Education

The Westchester Library System has its headquarters in the town of Greenburgh, near Tarrytown.151617

Religion

Tarrytown's churches (many of which are located on Broadway,18 the village's largest thoroughfare) cover all major denominations. Tarrytown is served by Episcopalian, Baptist, Catholic, Christian Science, Methodist, Reformed, and Korean churches. The Foster Memorial AME Zion Church on Wildey Street is the oldest black church in Westchester County.19 Tarrytown's single largest religious denomination is Roman Catholicism, with over 60% of residents of Tarrytown and Sleepy Hollow identifying as Catholics. Three Roman Catholic churches (Church of the Transfiguration, Immaculate Conception Church, and St. Theresa's) serve the community's Catholics and provide numerous social services. Transfiguration School, which is part of the Church of the Transfiguration community, enrolls more than 220 local students in academic programs that span pre-K 3 to 8th grade. Tarrytown is also the home of the motherhouse of the Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary, a Catholic woman's religious order that had founded and staffed the now-defunct Marymount College (now EF School).

Tarrytown also has a large Jewish community, which encompasses all major denominations. Temple Beth Abraham, located on Leroy Avenue, services both the Reform and Conservative community. The Doubletree Inn features a Glatt Kosher kitchen, as well as an Orthodox prayer service (minyan) on the Jewish sabbath (Shabbat), both of which appeal to the more observant Jewish community. The local Jewish Community Center, JCC on the Hudson, features family programs, camps, and educational opportunities from a non-denominational approach.

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Tarrytown include:

In popular culture

  • Washington Irving's story "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" is set in Tarrytown. The name "Sleepy Hollow" comes from a secluded glen located in Tarrytown and is not the name of the town in which the story takes place. In the mid-1990s the residents of North Tarrytown voted to have their name changed to Sleepy Hollow in honor of the story.
  • In F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Beautiful and Damned, millionaire Adam Patch's estate is in Tarrytown.
  • The book Memoirs of a Teenage Amnesiac by Gabrielle Zevin is set primarily in the Tarrytown / Sleepy Hollow area.
  • Comedian Kevin Meaney was born and raised in Tarrytown. It is also the long-time home of humorist/essayist Joe Queenan.
  • In the movie On the Waterfront, Edie mentions that St. Ann's, the Catholic college where she is studying to be a teacher, is in Tarrytown, out in the country.
  • The Ellery Queen novel The Virgin Heiress (aka The Dragons Teeth) is set primarily in Tarrytown.
  • Tarrytown is mentioned in Theodore Dreiser's The Titan.21
  • In Judy Blume's Otherwise Known as Sheila the Great, Sheila Tubman's family spends their summer vacation in Tarrytown, which is where most of the book takes place.
  • The book The Hollow by Jessica Verday is set in the Tarrytown/ Sleepy Hollow area, and offers a modern interpretation of the events of Irving's original story.
  • On her first day on the job as a CSI in New York, Lindsay Monroe mentions to Mac Taylor that she's sleeping on her Uncle Freddy's couch in Tarrytown while searching for an apartment in Manhattan.
  • In the TV series Mad Men, Betty Draper plans to take her children on an antiquing trip to Tarrytown (Season 3, Episode 2). Don and Betty's third child, Eugene Scott Draper, is born here at 4:58 a.m on June 21, 1963.
  • In the TV series Fringe, the first episode of the third season titled "Olivia", the protagonist's mother lives in Tarrytown.
  • American band Vampire Weekend name the town along with Rye (both towns part of Westchester County) on their song "Finger Back" from the album Modern Vampires of the City22

References

Notes
  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Tarrytown village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Tarrytown history"
  3. ^ David Williams and the capture of Andre: A paper read before the Tarrytown Historical Society Tarrytown: Argus - 1903 - approx. 35 pp.
  4. ^ a b Avrich, Paul, The modern school movement: anarchism and education in the United States, AK Press, ISBN 1-904859-09-7, ISBN 978-1-904859-09-3 (2005), p. 214
  5. ^ a b c d e The New York Times, "Dynamite Bomb For J.D. Archbold", 22 November 1915
  6. ^ a b Steiner, Henry, "The Other Oil Tycoon", River Journal Online, retrieved 20 July 2011
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  8. ^ "Monthly Averages for Tarrytown, NY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Kott, Andrea (2007-04-30). "To Merge or Not to Merge". The Hudson Independent. 
  11. ^ "Tarrytown, NY - Google Maps". Google. Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  12. ^ "MTA Metro-North Railroad Schedules". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  13. ^ Hudson Health Plan
  14. ^ "Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (2013)". EDGAR. Form 10-K. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. February 13, 2014. Commission File Number 0-19034. Retrieved March 22, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Home." Westchester Library System. Retrieved on August 8, 2011. "Westchester Library System | 540 White Plains Road | Suite 200 | Tarrytown, NY 10591"
  16. ^ "Zoning Map." Retrieved on 8 August 2011.
  17. ^ "Greenburgh town, Westchester County, New York." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 8, 2011.
  18. ^ "Church & Religious Associations & Organizations within 5 Miles of S Broadway, Tarrytown, NY 10591". Google. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  19. ^ Kennedy, Karen Morey. "National Register of Historic Places nomination, Foster Memorial AME Zion Church". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  20. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. "Clara Claiborne Park, 86, Dies; Wrote About Autistic Child", The New York Times, July 12, 2010. Accessed July 13, 2010.
  21. ^ Chapter XLII
  22. ^ http://www.songmeanings.net/songs/view/3530822107859452717/

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