|72nd Governor of Virginia
January 11, 2014
|Chairman of the Democratic National Committee|
February 3, 2001 – February 12, 2005
|Preceded by||Ed Rendell (General Chairman)
Joe Andrew (National Chariman)
|Succeeded by||Howard Dean|
|Born||Terence Richard McAuliffe
February 9, 1957
Syracuse, New York, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Dorothy McAuliffe (1988–present)|
|Alma mater||Catholic University of America
Terence Richard "Terry" McAuliffe (//; born February 9, 1957) is an American businessman, Democratic Party politician and the Governor-elect of Virginia.1 He previously served as Chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 2001 to 2005, was co-chairman of President Bill Clinton's 1996 re-election campaign, and was chairman of Hillary Clinton's 2008 presidential campaign. His first run for office was in the 2009 Virginia gubernatorial election, when he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination. He ran again in the 2013 gubernatorial election and won the Democratic primary unopposed. In the general election, he defeated Republican Ken Cuccinelli and Libertarian Robert Sarvis with 48 percent of the vote1 and will take office as the 72nd Governor of Virginia on January 11, 2014.
- 1 Family and education
- 2 Business career
- 3 Fundraising career and relationship with the Clintons
- 4 Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
- 5 Post-DNC chairmanship
- 6 Virginia gubernatorial campaigns
- 7 Political positions
- 8 Personal life
- 9 Election history
- 10 References
- 11 External links
McAuliffe grew up in Syracuse, New York, the son of Millie and Jack McAuliffe.2 His father was a real estate developer who was treasurer of the local Democratic organization.3 He is of Irish Catholic background.45 He graduated from Bishop Ludden Junior/Senior High School in 1975. In 1979, McAuliffe received a bachelor's degree from The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. After graduation, McAuliffe took a job in the 1980 presidential reelection campaign of Jimmy Carter, and at the age of 22 became the national finance director. After the campaign, McAuliffe enrolled in law school at Georgetown University Law Center. He received a Juris Doctor degree in 1984.6
At the age of 14, McAuliffe started his first business,7 McAuliffe Driveway Maintenance, sealing driveways and parking lots. The Washington Post said McAuliffe has "earned millions as a banker, real estate developer, home builder, hotel owner, and internet venture capitalist."8
In 1985, McAuliffe helped found the Federal City National Bank, a small bank based in Washington, D.C.9 In January 1988, when he was 30 years old, the bank’s board elected McAuliffe chairman, making him the youngest elected chairman of a federally chartered bank in the history of the United States.10
The bank lent $125,000 to a political action committee that supported Richard Gephardt's presidential campaign. McAuliffe told The New York Times that he abstained from voting on the loan because he was also the Gephardt campaign's finance chairman.11 The bank also provided loans to former U.S. Representative Tony Coelho and the then-Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Jim Wright.12
In 1991, McAuliffe helped to negotiate a merger with Credit International Bank (then under the management of Republican Richard V. Allen), which he called his "greatest business experience".12 McAuliffe went on to become vice chairman of the newly merged bank, leading to questions from shareholders that he was given special treatment, which Allen denied.1213
In 1979, McAuliffe met Richard Swann, a lawyer who was in charge of fundraising for Jimmy Carter's presidential campaign in Florida. In 1988, McAuliffe married Swann's daughter, Dorothy.
In the late 1980s, Swann's finances collapsed, entangling McAuliffe, who then used his political contacts to help Swann.12 In 1990, federal regulators seized Swann's American Pioneer Savings Bank, causing Swann to file for bankruptcy, and McAuliffe to lose $800,000 he had invested in American Pioneer.12 The Resolution Trust Corporation, a federal agency, seized American Pioneer's assets and liabilities.12 Under the guidance of Swann, McAuliffe partnered with a pension fund controlled by the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and the National Electrical Contractors Association to buy American Pioneer real estate, valued at $50 million, for $38.7 million from the Resolution Trust Corporation.1214 Of the purchase amount, McAuliffe paid $100, while the pension fund paid $38.7 million;12 McAuliffe still received a 50% equity stake.14 The deal was arranged by pension fund trustee Jack Moore, who was an acquaintance of McAuliffe from the Gephardt presidential campaign.1214 Following the deal, the Department of Labor filed a lawsuit against McAuliffe and Moore, accusing them of imprudent business practices.1214
In 1997, McAuliffe invested $100,000 in Global Crossing,10 a Bermuda-registered telecommunications company providing fiber-optic networking services worldwide.15 Global Crossing went public in 1998.16 The following year, McAuliffe sold the majority of his holding for a $8 million profit (other accounts have said his profit was $18 million).17 McAuliffe sold the rest of his shares in January 2002.17 The company filed for bankruptcy that same month, causing investors to lose over $54 billion, and 10,000 employees to lose their jobs.1718 McAuliffe, who lambasted Republicans after the Enron scandal, was criticized as hypocritical in the media, prompting him to set up television interviews to explain himself.19 On Hannity & Colmes, Sean Hannity pointed out McAuliffe's large profit, to which McAuliffe responded, "What are you, jealous or something? I mean, you buy stock. It was a great company."20 According to McAuliffe's book, he played no management role in Global Crossing.10
In 2009, McAuliffe founded GreenTech Automotive, a holding company, which purchased Chinese electric car company EU Auto MyCar for $20 million in May 2010.2122 Later that year, McAuliffe relocated GreenTech's headquarters to McLean, Virginia. GreenTech subsequently announced plans to manufacture vehicles in Mississippi.2324
In December 2012, McAuliffe was questioned as to why he chose to locate the factory in Mississippi as opposed to Virginia. McAuliffe claimed that he wanted to bring the factory to Virginia but the Virginia Economic Development Partnership (VEDP), the state's business recruitment agency, chose not to bid on it.28 However, in January 2013, PolitiFact declared McAuliffe's claim to be false. According to PolitiFact, VEDP and GreenTech formally discussed building the factory in Virginia, and its representatives even toured potential sites with GreenTech representatives.28 McAuliffe said he disagreed with PolitiFact's report, and said other GreenTech executives made the decision, but did not offer specifics as to how the report was mistaken.29
McAuliffe has had a prolific fundraising career within the Democratic Party, and a long personal and political relationship with Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton.12 McAuliffe and his staff raised about $275 million, a then unprecedented sum, for Clinton's causes while he was in office. Once Bill Clinton's term was served, McAuliffe loaned them $1.35 million to purchase a New York City home, in a deal that raised ethical questions.3031 In 2000, McAuliffe chaired a tribute fundraiser to Clinton, which set a fundraising record for a single event, raising $26.3 million.32
McAuliffe told The New York Times in 1999, "I've met all of my business contacts through politics. It's all interrelated." When he meets a new business contact, he continued, "then I raise money from them."12 He acknowledged the success of his business dealings stemmed from his relationship with Bill Clinton, saying, "No question, that's a piece of it." He also credited his ties to former congressmen Dick Gephardt and Tony Coelho, his Rolodex of 5,000-plus names, and his ability to personally relate to people.12 He told New York Times reporter Mark Leibovich in 2012 that his Rolodex held 18,632 names.33
In June 2000, as organizers of the 2000 Democratic National Convention (DNC) were scrambling to raise the last $7 million needed to pay for the convention, McAuliffe was named chairman of the convention.30
In February 2001, McAuliffe was elected chairman of the DNC, and served in that role until February 2005.34 McAuliffe had tried and failed to persuade his top rival, Maynard Jackson, to drop out of the race for chairman, but was still the heavy favorite.35 During his tenure, the DNC raised $578 million, and emerged from debt for the first time in its history.36
In the transition period between the 2002 elections and the 2004 Democratic convention, the DNC rebuilt operations and intra-party alliances. McAuliffe worked to restructure the Democratic primary schedule so that states such as Arizona, New Mexico, and South Carolina would be allowed to vote earlier, in a move designed to bolster ties to African-American and Hispanic communities. According to The Washington Post, the new schedule gave United States Senator John Kerry enough time to raise more than $200 million for the general election.37 The DNC also rebuilt its headquarters, and created a computer database of more than 170 million potential voters known as "Demzilla".38 Five-time presidential candidate Ralph Nader alleged that in 2004, McAuliffe offered him cash to withdraw from certain pivotal states in the 2004 election.39 McAuliffe's staff admitted that he indeed engaged in a conversation with Nader about his campaign, but denied that he offered any money.39
In January 2005, a few weeks before his term ended, McAuliffe earmarked $5 million of the party's cash to assist Tim Kaine and other Virginia Democrats in their upcoming elections. This donation was the largest non-presidential disbursement in DNC history, and was part of McAuliffe's attempt to prove the Democrats' viability in southern states in the wake of the 2004 presidential election.40 Kaine was successful in his bid, and served as the Governor of Virginia from 2006 to 2010.
He was a visiting fellow to Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government. In addition to several faculty and student lectures, McAuliffe hosted a study group entitled "The Making of a Candidate: From Running Campaigns to Running on my Own".43
On November 10, 2008, McAuliffe filed to form an exploratory committee for Governor of Virginia in the 2009 election.46 He told reporters that he had planned to spend the next few months traveling to "every corner of Virginia" to measure interest in his possible run.46 McAuliffe told The Washington Post that he was "best suited to carry the Democratic banner because he [would] campaign as a business leader who can bring jobs to Virginia".46 He also cited his ability to raise money for down-ticket Democratic candidates.46
McAuliffe's political team included campaign manager Mike Henry, senior strategist Mo Elleithee, and communications director Delacey Skinner.47 McAuliffe raised over $7.5 million over the course of the campaign, and donated an additional $500,000 to himself.4849
In the primary election, McAuliffe faced two other high-profile Democrats, State Senator Creigh Deeds, 2005 nominee for Attorney General, and Brian Moran, a former state representative, and former Democratic Caucus chairman. In the June 9, 2009 primary, McAuliffe placed second with 26% of the vote to Deeds's 50%.5051
On November 8, 2012, McAuliffe emailed supporters announcing his intention to run for Governor of Virginia in 2013. In his email he stated, "It is absolutely clear to me that Virginians want their next Governor to focus on job creation and common sense fiscal responsibility instead of divisive partisan issues."52
On April 2, 2013, The Democratic Party of Virginia (DPVA) certified that McAuliffe was the only candidate to file for the June primary, and was therefore the Democratic nominee.53 He campaigned against Republican candidate Ken Cuccinelli and Libertarian candidate Robert Sarvis. He defeated both opponents with 48% points,1 and will take office as the 72nd Governor of Virginia on January 11, 2014.
McAuliffe has declined to go into detail on his stance on many of his own views on energy and environmental policy, sticking to broad outlines.54 McAuliffe believes human activity has contributed to global warming, and characterizes clean energy as a national security issue.55 He supports reducing dependence on foreign oil through investment in technologies such as carbon capture and storage, solar farms, and offshore wind turbines.5556 McAuliffe is endorsed by both billionaire environmentalist Tom Steyer and the League of Conservation Voters.5457
In his 2009 campaign, McAuliffe said, "I want to move past coal. As governor, I never want another coal plant built."58 In his 2013 campaign, McAuliffe said he supports tougher safety requirements on coal plants.59 He also announced his support for the Environmental Protection Agency's proposed reduction in coal plant licensing.60 However, McAuliffe has expressed his support for exporting coal to countries like China and South Korea.61
In his 2009 bid for governor, McAuliffe said he opposed offshore drilling, but in 2013, he changed his position and now supports offshore drilling in Virginia, saying he has "learned more about offshore drilling from experts in Virginia."62
McAuliffe supports eliminating several business taxes, such as the business professional license tax, and using revenue from local government taxes to make up the difference.65
McAuliffe has spoken extensively on workforce development, with education proposals being funded through savings from the Medicaid expansion.67
McAuliffe was among those who supported the bipartisan transportation bill that passed the General Assembly in 2013. He is also in favor of the Silver Line, which would expand Metrorail services into Northern Virginia.68
McAuliffe married Dorothy Swann, the daughter of one of his business partners, in 1988. They have five children together, four of whom attend the Potomac School.70 The family currently resides in McLean, Virginia.
Terry McAuliffe's memoir, "What a Party! My Life Among Democrats: Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals", was published in 2007 with Steve Kettmann and made the New York Times Best Seller List, debuting at #5 in February 2007.71 The Washington Post called it a "A rollicking ride through the world of celebrity, fundraising and politics that certainly entertains” while The Miami Herald said, “Terry McAuliffe delights in this laugh-out-loud look at American politics.”72
Among anecdotes told in the memoir was McAuliffe wrestling an eight-foot, 260-pound alligator for three minutes to secure a $15,000 contribution for President Jimmy Carter in 1980.73 McAuliffe and the alligator would appear on the cover of LIFE magazine.73 Others included hunting with King Juan Carlos of Spain, golf outings with the President and reviving the Democratic National Convention.74
However, the book attracted negative publicity during McAuliffe's 2013 gubernatorial race.75 For instance, McAuliffe wrote about the September 11 attacks and his experiences in the Democratic National Committee office immediately after.76 He recalled, "I was one of our party’s most visible spokesmen, and I had to keep a low profile after the attacks. I was like a caged rat. I couldn’t travel. I couldn’t make political calls. I couldn’t make money calls."77 Even with the negative publicity, McAuliffe hasn’t walked away from the book, carrying boxes of it across Virginia in his campaign, in order to introduce himself to voters.75
|Virginia gubernatorial election, 201378|
|Democratic gain from Republican||Swing|
- "2013 election results:Terry McAuliffe edges Ken Cuccinelli, Chris Christie coasts". Politico. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- EndPlay (October 16, 2013). "Terry McAuliffe Candidate Profile". WAVY.com. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Dowd, Maureen (July 7, 1987). "Money for politics: One man's relentless pursuit". The New York Times. Retrieved January 4, 2009.
- "McAuliffe and the Bearing of the Green". Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. June 9, 2000. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- "Define ‘practicing Catholic;’ report the Virginia options". Patheos.com. October 30, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- "Financing the Road to the White House" (PDF). Leaders Magazine. July 3, 2007. Retrieved January 4, 2009.
- McAuliffe, Terry (January 22, 2007). "Life of the party: McAuliffe and the Democrats". MSNBC. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
- Gardner, Amy (May 3, 2009). "McAuliffe's Background Could Prove A Liability". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- Hayes, Stephen F. "National Editorial: Virginia doesn't need Terry McAuliffe's brand of crony capitalism". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Kettman, Steve (2007). What A Party! (Thomas Dunne Books). pp. 75–76.
- Berke, Richard (February 13, 1988). "Gephardt Received 2 Unsecured Loans". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- Gerth, Jeff (December 12, 1999). "Friendship Counts; Clinton’s Top Fund-Raiser Made Lots for Himself, Too". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- "Bank Start-Ups Get Bowled Over by Stubborn Real-Estate Recession". July 23, 1992.
- "The Heat On Clinton's Moneyman". Businessweek.com. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Heskett, Ben. "Global Crossing moves ahead with Net plans". Cnet. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
- "GLOBAL CROSSING LTD (GBLX) IPO". NASDAQ. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
- By BOB LEWIS , Associated Press (May 27, 2009). "Questions about investment windfalls dog McAuliffe in Va. governor's race". Startribune.com. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- "Global files for bankruptcy". CNNMoney. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
- What a Party! page 318
- "What a Party!" page 320. Books.google.com. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- Kunkle, Fredrick (April 12, 2013). "Car company founded by McAuliffe files $85 million suit over Web site articles". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Automotive, Greentech (May 17, 2010). "Terry McAuliffe Announces Major Expansion Of Greentech Automotive With Acquisition Of EuAuto, Award-Winning Electric Car Specialists". Retrieved May 17, 2010.dead link
- "Manufacturing". GreenTech Automotive. Retrieved April 15, 2013.
- "As he runs for governor, McAuliffe wheels and deals electric cars in Mississippi". Watchdog.org. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- Fredrick Kunkle. "McAuliffe quietly resigned last year from electric car firm he founded". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- "McAuliffe's Former Car Company, Echoes of Romney and Bain". Abcnews.go.com. August 9, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- Hamburger, Tom (September 21, 2013). "GreenTech fits pattern of investment that has made big profits for Terry McAuliffe". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- "Terry McAuliffe says Virginia officials "decided not to bid" on his electric automobile plant". Politifact.com. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Fredrick Kunkle. "Cuccinelli raps McAuliffe over location of green car plant". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- "Democrats Pick Convention Chief". Articles.latimes.com. June 9, 2000. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Clinton's Home Loan Deal Raises Questions The Washington Post
- Weisskopf, Michael (May 28, 2000). "The Kingmaker". Time. Retrieved January 4, 2009.
- Terry McAuliffe and the Other Green Party
- Roberts, Roxanne (October 5, 2005). "Terry McAuliffe, Fundraising Client". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- "McAuliffe Favorite for Top Dem Job". Apnewsarchive.com. February 2, 2001. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Argetsinger, Amy; Roberts, Roxanne (October 21, 2005). "Terry McAuliffe, Fundraising Client". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- Edsall, Thomas B. (July 26, 2004). "McAuliffe Is Dems' Comeback Kid". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 21, 2009.
- "''The Hill'' newspaper, February 17, 2005". Thehill.com. Retrieved May 7, 2013.dead link
- "McAuliffe denies cash offered to Nader". Politico.com. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Garver, Rob (March 23, 2005). "Raising Kaine". The American Prospect. Retrieved February 21, 2009.dead link
- "Hillary Clinton’s first test". Politico.com. April 3, 2013. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- "Clinton has reason to count on superdelegates". Articles.baltimoresun.com. March 16, 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- "Terry McAuliffe". Harvard University Institute of Politics. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012.
- "ZeniMax Media Inc". Web.archive.org. September 5, 2008. Archived from the original on September 5, 2008. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- "Out of the Dark and Into the Spotlight". Washingtonpost.com. August 14, 2005. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Craig, Tim. "McAuliffe Takes Steps To Run for Va. Governor". The Washington Post. Page B01. November 11, 2008.
- Kumar, Anita. "McAuliffe Announces Staff". The Washington Post. January 5, 2009.
- "McAuliffe for Governor - Terry VPAP". Vpap.org. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- "Itemized cash contributions reported by McAuliffe for Governor - Terry VPAP". Vpap.org. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- "2009 June Democratic Primary Official Results". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Kumar, Anita (June 10, 2009). "Deeds Surges To Stunning Win in Va". The Washington Post.
- Burns, Alexander (November 8, 2012). "Politico blog". politico.com.
- Walker, Julian (April 2, 2013). "McAuliffe named Dem governor nominee, 4 others make ballot". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
- McAuliffe walks tightrope on energy issues in the Virginia governor’s race The Washington Post
- Kunkle, Fredrick. "McAuliffe walks tightrope on energy issues in the Virginia governor’s race". Washington Post. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- Troyan, Mary Orndorff. "McAuliffe, Cuccinelli differ over energy". Newsleader.com. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- An Awkward Day to Be Terry McAuliffe National Journal
- McAuliffe’s Claim Jump on Coal TIME
- Kunkle, Fredrick. "Virginia governor's race: Where they stand on the issues". Washington Post. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- Terry McAuliffe says he supports EPA rules on coal-fired plants The Roanoke Times
- McAuliffe blows hot and cold on coal Richmond Times Dispatch/Politifact
- Pershing, Ben (May 22, 2013). "Terry McAuliffe reverses course, backs bill to allow oil drilling off Virginia coast". Articles.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Weiner, Rachel; Olivo, Antonio. "Challenge to Virginia abortion regulations moves forward". Washington Post. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- Helderman, Rosalind S. "Virginia assembly says abortion clinics should be regulated as hospitals". Washington Post. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- Terry McAuliffe, Ken Cuccinelli tax plan sparks local revolts Politico
- Warren, Michael. "Gun control fan Terry McAuliffe is Virginia's newest gun owner". Washingtonexaminer.com. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Kunkle, Fredrick. "McAuliffe, Cuccinelli slug it out on public radio". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- Baratko, Trevor. "McAuliffe, at Silver Line station, touts support of project, says Cuccinelli fought it". Loudon Times. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- Pershing, Ben. "Same-sex marriage rulings highlight split in Va. governor’s race, don’t change state law". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- More Stories from Around the Web (April 26, 2013). "Another Anti-Voucher Democrat, With Kids in the Best Private School". Nationalreview.com. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- "BEST SELLERS: February 11, 2007". The New York Times. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
- "WHAT A PARTY!". Mcamillan. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
- Cubbison, Brian. "The Terry McAuliffe gallery". Syracuse.com. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
- Perlstein, Rick. "The Operator". The New York Times. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
- "In Virginia, Terry McAuliffe’s Memoir Comes Back to Haunt Him". Thedailybeast.com. May 7, 2013. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Kettmann, Steve (2007). What a Party!. Thomas Dunne Books. pp. 300–304.
- Community Contributer. "The Time Terry McAuliffe Left The Delivery Room For A Washington Post Party". Buzzfeed.com. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- "Unofficial Results - General Election - November 5, 2013". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Terry McAuliffe.|
- Profile at Ballotpedia
- Profile at Notable Names Database
- Biography, interest group ratings, public statements, votes and actions, and campaign finances at Project Vote Smart
- Fact-checking at PolitiFact.com
- Financial information at FollowTheMoney.org
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Works by or about Terry McAuliffe in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Appearances at the Internet Movie Database
- Collected news and commentary at Bloomberg News
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Terry McAuliffe at the Virginia Public Access Project
|Party political offices|
|Permanent Chairperson of the Democratic National Convention
as General Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
|Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
as National Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
|Democratic nominee for Governor of Virginia
|Governor of Virginia