President George Bush Turnpike
|Maintained by :
TXDOT (frontage roads)
|Length:||55 mi3 (88 km)|
|Existed:||197712 – present|
|South end:||I-20 in Grand Prairie|
|US 75 in Richardson|
|East end:||I-30 in Garland|
The President George Bush Turnpike (PGBT) is a 52-mile (84 km)4 toll road running through the northern, northeastern and western suburbs, forming a partial loop around Dallas, Texas, United States. It is named for George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States. At its west end near Belt Line Road in Irving, State Highway 161 (SH 161) continues southwest to Interstate 20 in Grand Prairie. The discontinuous free frontage roads along the Turnpike from Interstate 35E in Carrollton east to its end at Interstate 30 in Garland are assigned the State Highway 190 (SH 190) designation. "190 TEXAS" signage appears only along the Garland, Richardson, Plano, and Carrollton sections of the frontage road with the undersign "frontage road only." At intersections with city streets, only the Bush Turnpike signs are displayed, not the "190 TEXAS" signage. Prior to the construction of the main lanes as a tollway, SH 190 was used as the name of the planned main lanes too. Similarly, the part west of I-35E was planned as part of SH 161. Bush Turnpike is signed as an east–west road east of I-35E and as a north–south road west (i.e., south) of I-35E, as Bush Turnpike makes a nearly 90-degree curve immediately west of its I-35E interchange.
The turnpike is operated by the North Texas Tollway Authority (NTTA). Currently, all maintenance is done under a five-year Total Routine Maintenance (TRM) contract with Infrastructure Corporation of America (ICA) based in Brentwood, Tennessee that started in November 2006.
The turnpike passes through three Texas counties (Dallas, Collin and Denton) and nine Dallas suburbs (Rowlett, Sachse, Garland, Richardson, Plano, Carrollton, Farmers Branch, Irving and Grand Prairie).
Originally PGBT was equipped with traditional toll plazas for cash payment as well as RFID-based TollTag express lanes. However on July 1, 2009 the cash plazas were closed and replaced with "ZipCash", an OCR-based camera system which reads the license plate and bills the owner by mail. This made the turnpike the first in the United States to transition to all-electronic toll collection.5 The ZipCash rates, however, come at a premium being significantly higher than both the TollTag rate and the earlier cash prices.5
The corridor of SH 161 and the Turnpike was first proposed as an outer loop within Dallas County in 1957.6 The 1964 plan was the first to designate it as a freeway,7 and in 1969 the full loop was added to the state highway system as Loop 9. The loop would begin at Interstate 20 just east of the Tarrant County line and head north (along a corridor still planned as an extension of SH 161). From State Highway 183 it would run roughly along present SH 161, turning north on Belt Line Road and east just south of the Denton County line, crossing Interstate 35E near the present junction. Rather than cross into Denton and Tarrant Counties, the loop would stay in Dallas County, running roughly where Campbell Road is now. It would rejoin the present Turnpike alignment and head southeast to Interstate 30 west of Lake Ray Hubbard. The south part of the loop would continue in a roughly circular route to end at the junction of Interstate 20 and Spur 408, several miles east of the beginning of the loop. The short Spur 484, designated in 1970, would run from Loop 9 at Belt Line Road northeast along the present Turnpike alignment to Interstate 635.8910
Some of the opposition to the loop came from the city of Richardson, which was already divided by the Central Expressway. In conjunction with Plano, the city acquired empty right-of-way about two miles (3 km) to the north, where the Turnpike now runs, and set the centerline of the right-of-way to the border between Richardson and Plano.6
Loop 9 was cancelled in 1977, and the western and northern section was split between two new designations: State Highway 161 from Interstate 20 to State Highway 114 (at Belt Line Road) and State Highway 190 from Interstate 35E to State Highway 78. (The piece between SH 114 and IH 35E was removed from the state highway system.) Spur 484 was absorbed into SH 161 in 1979, making its northern terminus Interstate 635 (at Valley View Lane). The connection between I-635 and I-35E was added to SH 161 in 1988.12810
Construction on service roads began in late 1988 in north Garland and Richardson. A stack interchange was constructed in 1990 at U.S. Highway 75 in Richardson, which quickly became a white elephant as the structure remained abandoned for several years. In 1995 following a revision in federal laws, authorities agreed to shift to a toll financing scheme, providing an infusion of cash and new construction. The SH 190 designation was removed from the plans for the not-yet-constructed main lanes in 1996,2 and in 1998 SH 161 was removed from the piece between Belt Line Road and I-635 (Segment V).1
On April 11, 2013, at least two people were killed and more than three dozen were hospitalized after a charter bus careened off the road and flipped onto its side. The Cardinal Coach Line charter from Mansfield, Texas, was taking seniors to a casino in Oklahoma. The wreck occurred just east of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.11 As of July 4, 2013, 13 lawsuits are pending as three people were dead and 40 were injured.
Since the initial construction began in 1988, the turnpike was completed in a number of phases, as described here:
Segment I (North Dallas). Extends from Campbell Road to Midway Road, and includes the Dallas North Tollway and U.S. Highway 75 (Central Expressway) interchanges. Opened in December 1998 (Midway Road to Preston Road) and December 1999 (Preston Road to Campbell Road).
Segment II (Garland/Richardson). Extends from Campbell Road to State Highway 78. Opened in 2000.
Segment III (Carrollton). Extends from Midway Road in north Dallas to Interstate 35E. Opened July 2001.
Segment IV ("PGBT Superconnector"). Connects I-35E to the I-635 airport extension. It covers 5.2 miles (8.4 km) and was built at the cost of $339 million. Much of the expense is because the segment is built within the Trinity River wetland and comprises many miles of bridges. Construction began in January 2003 and was completed in October 2005.
Segment V (Irving). A 3.9-mile (6.3 km) segment connecting the I-635 airport extension to the SH 161 freeway near Belt Line Road. It opened in December 2001. Unstable clay soil was a significant problem in this segment, requiring contractors to use concentrated liquid stabilizers and geosynthetic reinforcement.
Segment VIII ("Eastern Extension") Extends from SH-78 in Garland, through Rowlett and Sachse and back into Garland at I-30.12 The project, with a price tag of $1.04 billion, included construction of a 1-mile bridge at Lake Ray Hubbard. The NTTA received environmental clearance in 2005 and construction began in October 2008. The highway opened to traffic on December 21, 2011 13 and on-time as proposed in the original bid. Cosmetic work will be ongoing into early 2012.
Segment IX ("East Branch"). Extends from I-30 in Garland to I-20 in Mesquite and includes the US-80 interchange. The project is in the planning stages, with an Environmental Impact Statement in preparation as of January 2012.
The next PGBT segment, the East Branch extension, is planned to begin at the PGBT Lake Ray Hubbard Interchange at I-30, extending south-southeast to near Duck Creek Way, then southward near Mesquite Metro Airport, terminating at I-20 near Rory Galloway Day Camp.14 The project is well into the planning stages, and an Environmental Impact Statement was under preparation in early 2012.
In the longer term, the North Central Texas Council of Governments is studying a very broad outer loop around the entire Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. Assuming it receives environmental clearance, funding, and political support, much of it would be completed in the 2020s or 2030s. The PGBT is not part of this outer loop,15 but the PGBT East Branch alignment was closely coordinated with the loop's master plan. The segment of the proposed outer loop through southern Dallas County would be known as Loop 9 and would likely be the first segment to be built. The eastern terminus of PGBT would link to Loop 9 near the I-20 interchange.
Toll rates are effective July 1, 2013.16 All exits are unnumbered.
|Dallas||Grand Prairie||0.00||0.00||I-20 – Fort Worth, Dallas||South end of PGBT Western Extension|
|0.80||1.29||Mayfield Road / Warrior Trail / Lake Ridge Parkway||$0.25 TollTag, $0.48 ZipCash (northbound exit/southbound entrance)|
|1.60||2.57||Spur 303 (Pioneer Parkway) / Arkansas Lane||$0.60 TollTag, $0.90 ZipCash (southbound exit/northbound entrance)|
|1.90||3.06||Arkansas Mainlane Gantry ($0.99 TollTag, $1.49 ZipCash)|
|2.90||4.67||Marshall Drive / Dickey Road / SW 14th Street||$0.47 TollTag, $0.74 ZipCash (southbound exit/northbound entrance)|
|4.30||6.92||SH 180 (Main Street) / Jefferson Street||$0.25 TollTag, $0.48 ZipCash (southbound exit/northbound entrance)|
|5.60||9.01||Tarrant Road / Egyptian Way||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|5.70||9.17||I-30 – Dallas, Fort Worth|
|6.60||10.62||Lower Tarrant Road / Carrier Parkway||Northbound exit and southbound entrance, $0.25 TollTag, $0.48 ZipCash|
|6.90||11.10||Lower Tarrant Mainlane Gantry ($0.94 TollTag, $1.41 ZipCash)|
|7.40||11.91||Lower Tarrant Road / Egyptian Way||Southbound exit and northbound entrance, $0.43 TollTag, $0.66 ZipCash|
|7.90||12.71||Oakdale Road||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|8.80||14.16||Trinity Boulevard / Shady Grove Road||$0.42 TollTag, $0.65 ZipCash (southbound exit/northbound entrance)|
|Irving||9.00||14.48||Conflans Road||$0.25 TollTag, $0.48 ZipCash (southbound exit/northbound entrance)|
|11.40||18.35||SH 183 – DFW Airport, Dallas, Fort Worth||North end of PGBT Western Extension, south end of untolled segment|
|12.30||19.79||Rochelle Road||Southbound exit only|
|13.70||22.05||Walnut Hill Lane||North end of untolled segment|
|14.70||23.66||Belt Line Road||$0.51 TollTag, $0.74 ZipCash (southbound exit/northbound entrance)|
|15.20||24.46||Belt Line Main Lane Gantry ($0.51 TollTag, $0.74 ZipCash)|
|16.50||26.55||SH 114 / Royal Lane / Gateway Drive – DFW Airport||$0.25 TollTag, $0.48 ZipCash (southbound exit/northbound entrance)|
|16.60||26.72||MacArthur Boulevard||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|18.10||29.13||I-635 west / Los Colinas Boulevard / Riverside Drive – DFW Airport|
|18.50||29.77||I-635 east||North/eastbound exit and south/westbound entrance|
|19.30||31.06||Valley View Lane|
|Carrollton||21.60||34.76||Belt Line Road / Luna Road||$0.53 TollTag, $0.80 Zip Cash (eastbound exit/westbound entrance)|
|22.20||35.73||Sandy Lake Main Lane Gantry ($0.89 TollTag, $1.34 ZipCash)|
|22.90||36.85||Sandy Lake Road|
|23.90||38.46||I-35E / US 77 – Denton, Dallas|
|24.30||39.11||SH 161 ends, SH 190 begins|
|25.10||40.39||Old Denton Road / McCoy Road|
|26.20||42.16||Josey Lane / Scott Mill Road||$0.38 TollTag, $0.61 ZipCash (eastbound exit/westbound entrance)|
|27.50||44.26||Kelly Boulevard / Trinity Mills Road||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; $0.59 TollTag, $0.89 ZipCash|
|Denton||Dallas||28.10||45.22||Frankford Main Lane Gantry ($1.12 TollTag, $1.68 ZipCash)|
|28.60||46.03||Frankford Road / Marsh Lane||$0.33 TollTag, $0.56 ZipCash (westbound exit/eastbound entrance)|
|29.80||47.96||Rosemeade Parkway / Midway Road||$0.25 TollTag, $0.48 ZipCash (westbound exit/eastbound entrance)|
|Collin||30.80||49.57||Dallas North Tlwy.|
|32.70||52.63||SH 289 (Preston Road)||$0.32 TollTag, $0.55 ZipCash (eastbound exit/westbound entrance)|
|Richardson||34.00||54.72||Coit Main Lane Gantry ($1.20 TollTag, $1.80 ZipCash)|
|34.60||55.68||Coit Road||$0.57 TollTag, $0.86 ZipCash (westbound exit/eastbound entrance)|
|35.80||57.61||Independence Parkway / Waterview Parkway||$0.38 TollTag, $0.86 ZipCash (westbound exit/eastbound entrance)|
|37.60||60.51||Alma Road||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|38.10||61.32||US 75 – McKinney, Dallas|
|38.60||62.12||Plano Road / Avenue K||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance, former SH 5|
|40.00||64.37||Renner Road||Southbound exit and northbound entrance, $0.37 TollTag, $0.60 ZipCash|
|Dallas||Garland||40.50||65.18||Shiloh Road / Lookout Drive||Southbound exit and northbound entrance, $0.57 TollTag, $0.86 ZipCash|
|41.00||65.98||Shiloh Main Lane Gantry ($1.11 TollTag, $1.67 ZipCash)|
|41.40||66.63||Renner Road||Northbound exit and southbound entrance, $0.74 TollTag, $1.11 ZipCash|
|42.10||67.75||Campbell Road / Telcom Parkway||Northbound access to Shiloh Road, $0.46 TollTag, $0.69 ZipCash (northbound exit/southbound entrance)|
|43.20||69.52||North Garland Avenue / Holford Road / Brand Road||$0.29 TollTag, $0.52 ZipCash (northbound exit/southbound entrance|
|44.20||71.13||Brand Road||Northbound exit and southbound entrance, southbound access from North Garland Avenue exit|
|45.00||72.42||SH 78 / Crist Road – Wylie, Garland, Dallas||Westbound exit is part of Firewheel Parkway exit|
|45.10||72.58||Firewheel Parkway||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance, $0.25 TollTag, $0.48 ZipCash|
|45.90||73.87||Crist Road / Firewheel Parkway||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|Sachse||47.40||76.28||Miles Road / Merritt Road||$0.34 TollTag, $0.57 ZipCash (eastbound exit/westbound entrance)|
|48.60||78.21||Merritt Main Lane Gantry ($1.61 TollTag, $2.42 ZipCash)|
|Rowlett||49.60||79.82||Merritt–-Liberty Grove Connector||$0.85 TollTag, $1.28 ZipCash (northbound exit/southbound entrance)|
|51.40||82.72||SH 66 (Lakeview Parkway) / Main Street||$0.53 TollTag, $0.80 ZipCash (northbound exit/southbound entrance)|
|52.40||84.33||Miller Road||$0.40 TollTag, $0.63 ZipCash (northbound exit/southbound entrance)|
|Lake Ray Hubbard||53.60–
|Garland||54.50||87.71||I-30 / US 67 – Dallas, Texarkana|
|54.90||88.35||I-30 Frontage Road||Temporary southern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "State Highway No. 161". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "State Highway No. 190". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- "Google Maps". Google. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- Life in the fast lane: Bush Turnpike converts to cashless toll collection to improve traffic flow Kim Nguyen, Plano Star-Courier, June 28, 2009.
- Chris Kelley, Construction set to start on long-planned tollway, Dallas Morning News, April 28, 1996
- TexasFreeway - Historic Dallas / Fort Worth Freeway Planning Maps
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "State Highway Loop No. 9". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- TexasFreeway - Dallas/Fort Worth Freeway Planning Map, 1971
- Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "State Highway Spur No. 484". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
- "Two Killed, Dozens Injured in Bus Rollover on Bush Turnpike". nbcdfw.com. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- The President George Bush Turnpike: Eastern Extension
- PGBT Eastern Extension Opening - North Texas Transportation Authority, 2011.
- SH190: East Branch, North Texas Transportation Authority, January 2012.
- Mobility 2030. North Central Texas Council of Governments, 2009.
- "Toll Rate Charts". North Texas Tollway Authority. July 1, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
- North Texas Tollway Authority
- Texas Department of Transportation - SH 161 (southern extension)
- Texas Freeways: State Highway 190
- Section 32 Web site | Before and after images of SH 190 Eastern Extension construction