The Gambia (Commonwealth realm)
"Progression, Peace, Progress"
For The Gambia Our Homeland
Location of the Gambia (dark red) in Western Africa.
|-||1965–1966||John Warburton Paul|
|-||1966–1970||Farimang Mamadi Singateh|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|-||Independence||18 February 1965|
|-||Republic||24 April 1970|
|Currency||Gambian Pound (from 1966)|
The Commonwealth realm of the Gambia was a predecessor to the modern-day of The Gambia and an independent state that existed between 1965 and 1970.
When British rule ended in 1965, Gambia was given independence as a Commonwealth realm, in which the state existed until the proclamation of the republic in 1970, Two referenda were held; one in 1965, with 65.85% in favour and 34.15 against, but it did not reach the two-thirds majority needed to pass the referendum, and a second in 1970 with 70.45% percent of the Gambian people voting in favour of a republic, 29.55% against. The Republic of the Gambia came into existence on the 24 April 1970. During the commonwealth phase, the British monarch remained head of state of the Gambia, and was represented in the Gambia by a governor-general. The following governors-generals held office in the Gambia during this period:
- John Warburton Paul (18 February 1965 – 9 February 1966)
- Farimang Mamadi Singateh ( 9 February 1966 – 24 April 1970)
Despite being Head of State of the Gambia during this period; Queen Elizabeth II never actually visited the Gambia in her capacity as Queen of the Gambia. Dawda Jawara held office as prime minister (and head of government) of the Gambia during this period. Following the abolition of the monarchy, he became the first President of the Republic of the Gambia.