The O2 Arena
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012)|
|The O2 Arena|
|North Greenwich Arena|
London, SE10 0BB
England, United Kingdom
|Built||Between 2003 and 2007|
|Opened||24 June 2007|
|Operator||Ansco Arena Limited (AEG Live) Europe|
|Architect||Populous1 (then HOK Sport)|
|Structural engineer||Buro Happold|
|Services engineer||M-E Engineers|
|General contractor||Sir Robert McAlpine|
|AEG Live (2007–present)
ATP World Tour Finals (2009–present)
2012 Summer Olympics
2012 Summer Paralympics
Hillsong Conference Europe (2010, 2011) (2013-Present)
Euroleague Final Four (2013)
The O2 Arena (visually typeset in some branding as The O2 arena, referred to as North Greenwich Arena in the context of the 2012 Summer Olympics and 2012 Summer Paralympics) is a multi-purpose indoor arena located in the centre of The O2, a large entertainment complex on the Greenwich Peninsula in London, England. It is named after its main sponsor, the telecommunications company O2.
With a capacity of up to 20,0002 depending on the event, it is second-largest arena in the UK (after the Manchester Arena) and one of the largest in Europe. In 2008, The O2 Arena took the crown of the world's busiest music arena from the Manchester Arena, a title which it had held since 2001.4 The closest underground station to the venue is the North Greenwich station on the Jubilee line.
Following the closure of the Millennium Experience at the end of 2000, the Millennium Dome was leased to Meridian Delta Ltd. in 2001, for redevelopment as an entertainment complex. This included plans for an indoor arena.
Construction of the arena started in 2003 and finished in 2007. After the interior of the dome had been largely cleared and before building work inside began, in December 2004, the dome was used as the main venue for the annual Crisis Open Christmas organised by the London-based homelessness charity Crisis.5
Owing to the impossibility of using cranes inside the dome structure, the arena's roof was constructed on the ground within the dome and then lifted. The arena building's structure was then built around the roof. The arena building, which houses the arena and the arena concourse, is independent from all other buildings in the O2 and houses all the arena's facilities. The arena building itself takes up 40% of the total dome structure.
The seating arrangement throughout the whole arena can be modified, similar to the Manchester Arena.6 The ground surface can also be changed between ice rink, basketball court, exhibition space, conference venue, private hire venue and concert venue.
The arena was built to reduce echoing, a common problem among London music venues.7 U2's sound manager, Joe O'Herlihy, worked with acoustic engineers to introduce measures such as sound absorbing material on the arena roof and the bottoms of strategically placed seats to reduce echoing.
Despite The O2 Arena being open for only seven months of the year, the venue sold over 1.2 million tickets in 2007, making it the third most popular venue in the world for concerts and family shows narrowly behind the Manchester Arena (1.25 million) and Madison Square Garden in New York City (1.23 million). By 2008 it had become the world's busiest venue with sales of more than two million, taking the crown from MEN Arena.
During the 2012 Summer Olympics and Paralympics, The O2 Arena was referred as the North Greenwich Arena due to Olympics regulations regarding corporate sponsorship of event sites.
|Venue||2011 Ticket sales for concerts/shows|
|O2 Arena, London, UK||1.9 million|
|Lanxess Arena, Cologne, Germany||1.9 million|
|Manchester Arena, Manchester, UK||1.2 million|
|Sportpaleis, Antwerp, Belgium||714,000|
|Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne, Australia||706,000|
|The O2, Dublin, Ireland||670,000|
|Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy, Paris, France||659,000|
|Staples Center, Los Angeles, USA||633,000|
|Madison Square Garden, New York, USA||616,000|
|O2 World, Hamburg, Germany||602,000|
|Air Canada Centre, Toronto, Canada||582,000|
|LG Arena, Birmingham, UK||561,000|
|O2 World, Berlin, Germany||461,000|
- 2010 London Lifestyle Awards – London's Live Music Venue of the Year
- The O2 Arena (London) architect: Populous
- "Music Events". TheO2.co.uk. AEG. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
- London2012.FIBA.com North Greenwich arena.
- White, Dominic (15 April 2008). "The Lemon Dome That was Transformed into O2's Concert Crown". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- "Dome sleeps 700 over festive week". BBC News. 28 December 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- "wins contract at O2 Arena". Audience Systems. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- "Dome's hi-tech refit for The O2". BBC News. 21 June 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- "Manchester Arena is second busiest in the world". Place North West. 25 January 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-12.
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