The Roots

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Nappy Roots
The Roots
The Roots 2007.jpg
The Roots performing in Toronto, Ontario on March 24, 2007.
Background information
Also known as The Legendary Roots Crew, The Fifth Dynasty, The Square Roots, Jimmy Fallon's Tonight Show Band
Origin Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Genres Alternative hip hop, neo soul, jazz rap
Years active 1987–present
Labels Def Jam, DGC, MCA, Interscope-Geffen-A&M
Associated acts DJ Jazzy Jeff, Soulquarians, J Dilla, Jill Scott, Martin Luther, Jaguar Wright, Amel Larrieux, John Legend, Dave Chappelle, Erykah Badu, BT, Jazzyfatnastees, Big K.R.I.T., Jimmy Fallon, Elvis Costello
Website theroots.com
Members Black Thought
Questlove
Kamal Gray
F. Knuckles
Captain Kirk Douglas
Damon "Tuba Gooding Jr." Bryson
James Poyser
Mark Kelley
Past members Kenyatta "Kid Crumbs" Warren
Josh "Rubberband" Abrams
Malik B.
Rahzel
Scott Storch
Martin Luther
Ben Kenney
Scratch
Dice Raw
Hub
Owen Biddle

The Roots are an American Grammy Award-winning hip hop/neo soul band, formed in 1987 by Tariq "Black Thought" Trotter and Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The Roots are known for a jazzy and eclectic approach to hip-hop featuring live musical instruments.1 Malik B., Leonard "Hub", and Josh Abrams were added to the band (formerly named "The Square Roots").

Since its first independent album-length release the band has released 10 studio albums, two EPs, two "collaboration" albums (with other artists), and also collaborated on recordings and in live shows with a wide variety of artists in many musical genres. The Roots served as the house band on NBC's Late Night with Jimmy Fallon from 2009 to 2014, and in the same role (and accompanying show guest artists) on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon since 2014. The Roots' work has been consistently met with critical acclaim. About.com ranked the band #7 on its list of the 25 Best Hip-Hop Groups of All-Time, calling them "Hip-hop's first legitimate band."2

Band history

Rapper Black Thought is the lead vocalist of The Roots.

Early history

The Roots originated in Philadelphia with Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson and Tariq "Black Thought" Trotter while they were both attending the Philadelphia High School for the Creative and Performing Arts. They would busk out on the street corners with Questlove playing bucket drums and Tariq rapping over his rhythms. Their first organized gig was a talent show in 1989 at the school where they used the name Radio Activity, which began a series of name changes that progressed through Black to the Future and then The Square Roots.3 Prior to the release of Organix, an issue arose with the name. A Philadelphia folk group had claim to the name and to avoid legal wrangling they simply dropped the "Square" aspect and became The Roots in 1992.

Organix

Organix was the band's first album, released and sold independently. It was released in 1993. It generated enough industry buzz for offers from music labels, and the band signed with DGC/Geffen.

Do You Want More?!!!??!

The Roots' first album for DGC, Do You Want More?!!!??!, was released in 1995. It was a moderate hit among alternative music fans due in part to the group's appearance at Lollapalooza. The band performed at the Montreux Jazz Festival that year. Touring guests, beatboxer Rahzel and producer Scott Storch, joined The Roots.4

Illadelph Halflife

The 1996 release Illadelph Halflife was the group's first album to break the Top 40 on the Billboard 200 chart,4 spurred in part by MTV's airplay of the video for "What They Do" (a parody of rap video clichés)5 and "Clones", which was their first single to reach the top five on the rap charts. "What They Do" was also the group's first single to hit the Top 40 of Billboard's charts, reaching a peak of #34. While continuing on the path of live instrumentation, the album's sound was somewhat darker.

Things Fall Apart

The group released Things Fall Apart in 1999 (named after Things Fall Apart, a novel by Chinua Achebe, which in turn was named after a line from "The Second Coming" by W.B. Yeats). This was their breakthrough album, peaking at No. 4 on the Billboard 200 charts and earning a gold record, signifying U.S. sales of at least 500,000 units.6 The album was eventually certified platinum in April, 2013. Mos Def contributed to the track entitled "Double Trouble". The track "Act Two" features African-Belgian band Zap Mama and Common. The track "You Got Me", a duet with R&B singer Erykah Badu and Eve and Jill Scott intended by Black Thought for the "unconscious" population,7 peaked at No. 39 on the Billboard Hot 100 charts. At the 42nd Grammy Awards "You Got Me" won the award for Best Rap Performance By A Duo Or Group8 and the album was nominated for Best Rap Album.9

Steve Huey of the website allmusic.com perceived "a strong affinity for the neo-soul movement" in the album.10 First-time cameos on Things Fall Apart for Philadelphia natives Beanie Sigel and Eve helped to earn them major record deals later (with Roc-A-Fella and Ruff Ryders, respectively). After this album, Dice Raw left the collective to record his solo debut album Reclaiming the Dead. In the summer, the band performed at the Woodstock '99 concert in New York state.11

Phrenology

Several members, including longtime member Malik B., left the group. In December 2001, The Roots backed Jay-Z for his MTV Unplugged concert.12 With heightened popularity came mounting pressure. The Roots released Phrenology (named after the pseudoscience of phrenology) in 2002. Despite not charting as high as Things Fall Apart, reaching a peak of No. 28 on the charts, Phrenology was commercially successful, being certified gold, and earning a Grammy nomination for Best Rap Album. At the time, however, there came rumors that The Roots were losing interest in their signing with MCA.4

During this time, the band backed Jay-Z for his 2003 farewell concert in Madison Square Garden, and appeared in the accompanying Fade to Black concert film.

The Tipping Point

After Phrenology, Ben Kenney and Scratch both left the group; Kenney joined the rock band Incubus.13 This culminated with the release of 2004's The Tipping Point, the byproduct of several jam sessions.4 The album earned two more Grammy nominations: one for Best Urban/Alternative Performance for the track "Star/Pointro" and another for Best Rap Performance By A Duo Or Group for the track "Don't Say Nuthin'."14 The Tipping Point peaked at No. 4 on the Billboard album chart. In 2005, Home Grown! The Beginner's Guide To Understanding The Roots, Volumes 1 & 2, a two-disc compilation album, was released. The Roots were among several performers on the 2006 film Dave Chappelle's Block Party, whose event took place on September 18, 200415 and was released on film two years later.16

Game Theory

Game Theory was released August 29, 2006, on Def Jam records. Questlove describes the album as being very dark and reflective of the political state in America.17 The first single from the album, "Don't Feel Right", appeared on the internet in May 2006, and is available for free download on several websites. The album's first video, titled "The Don't Feel Right Trilogy", premiered on August 21, 2006, and features three songs, "In the Music", "Here I Come" and "Don't Feel Right". It earned an 83 on Metacritic and 2 Grammy Nominations. The late J Dilla is honoured on different occasions throughout the album. Track 1 is credited to be "Supervised by J Dilla". Track 13 "Can't Stop This" is devoted to his persona, the first part being an edited version of a track ("Time: The Donut of the Heart") of his Donuts album, released three days before his death. This version comprises vocals by Black Thought. Secondly, a string of kindred artists reminisce about J Dilla in the form of answering machine messages.

Rising Down

The Roots' eighth studio album, Rising Down, was released on April 29, 2008, the 16-year anniversary of the Los Angeles riots of 1992.

In the weeks before the album's release, the original first single "Birthday Girl", a radio-friendly collaboration with Fall Out Boy's Patrick Stump was removed from the album reportedly because it didn't fit in with the album's tone.18 It remained as a digital download available from iTunes as a bonus track, as well as on international releases.

Picking up where Game Theory left off, the album maintains a dark and political tone, with Black Thought and several guests venting about the ills of society today. The album's guests include Chrisette Michele, Common, Mos Def, Saigon, Styles P, Talib Kweli, and Wale; it also features Philadelphia artists Dice Raw, DJ Jazzy Jeff, Peedi Crakk, Greg Porn, and Truck North, as well as former member Malik B. Rising Down features The Roots incorporating a more electronic and synth-heavy feel into their sound. Rising Down was released to critical acclaim, garnering an overall score of 80 on Metacritic.

The album's first single was "Rising Up" featuring Chrisette Michele and Wale.

How I Got Over

How I Got Over reflects the relief the band felt at the end of the Bush administration and the beginning of the Obama presidency. Guests include Blu, Phonte and Patty Crash, whose song "Serve This Royalty" is covered on the album. Rather than relying on samples, the album was recorded live, with covers (including Celestial Blues, featuring the song's original artist, Andy Bey) being reinterpreted by the band.19 The album was released on June 22, 2010.

On June 24, 2009, The Roots debuted the first single and title track from the album live on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon. The song features longtime Roots collaborator Dice Raw.20

Wake Up!

The Roots collaborated with R&B singer John Legend on the album Wake Up!. The album was released on September 21, 2010, and was publicized two days later with a live concert at Terminal 5 in New York City with John Legend and Jennifer Hudson that was streamed on YouTube. On October 30, 2010 The Roots and John Legend played live at the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear in Washington, D.C.

Betty Wright: The Movie

The Roots collaborated with R&B singer Betty Wright on the 2011 album Betty Wright: The Movie, credited to Betty Wright and The Roots. The album, co-produced by Wright and Questlove, was nominated for a 2012 Grammy in the "Best Traditional R&B Performance".

Undun

The Roots released their thirteenth album Undun via Def Jam Records on December 6, 2011.21 The first single "Make My" leaked on October 17, 2011. Undun tells the story of their semi-fictional character, Redford Stephens, who struggles unsuccessfully to avoid a life crime and fast money. The album's name is inspired by The Guess Who's song "undun", and the character was named after the Sufjan Stevens song "Redford".22 The album features artists including Aaron Livingston, Big K.R.I.T., Phonte, Dice Raw, Greg Porn, Truck North, Bilal, and Sufjan Stevens.

Wise Up Ghost and Other Songs

The Roots and Elvis Costello released Wise Up Ghost on September 17, 2013 via Blue Note Records.23 On July 22, 2013, they released a music video for the first single, "Walk Us Uptown."24

Upcoming work

In a July 2012 tweet, Questlove said that the title of The Roots' next album will have the initials &TYSYC and that it is being recorded currently, with a different sound to expect than from Undun. In the November 12, 2012 issue of The New Yorker, Questlove revealed that the album is tentatively named & Then You Shoot Your Cousin...25 In an interview with Fuse TV Questlove said he would prefer to release an album in the first quarter of the year, and that he also had "...two or three secret, major musical projects that I'm working on that I can't really talk about."26 February 2014 also marks The Roots' transition to the The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, and at the end of the month, Black Thought described the forthcoming album as a satirical look at violence in hip-hop and American society overall.27 On April 7, they released their first single from & Then You Shoot Your Cousin, "When The People Cheer".

Members

The Roots' original lineup included Tariq "Black Thought" Trotter (MC) and Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson (drums), classmates at the Philadelphia High School for Creative and Performing Arts.4 As they began to play at school and on local streets, they added bassist Josh "The Rubberband" Abrams, who went on to form the jazz group The Josh Abrams Quartet. They later added another MC, Malik Abdul Basit-Smart ("Malik B.") and Leonard Nelson "Hub" Hubbard (bass), and Scott Storch (keyboards). Kenyatta "Kid Crumbs" Warren (MC) was in the band for Organix, The Roots' first album release Another MC, Dice Raw, joined the band in cameo appearances on later albums. The band filled Storch's position with Kamal Gray (keyboards), who continues in that capacity. Kamal Gray did not play with the Roots on Late Night With Jimmy Fallon between April or May and early September of 2012. His absence was not publicly explained, however on the September 17th, 2012 (NBC's 'Late Night' 700th) episode, Gray returned to the group. Beatboxer Rahzel was a band member from 1995 to 1999. Alongside Rahzel was turntablist/vocalist Scratch, who also DJ'd in live concerts. However Scratch left abruptly in 2003. Malik B. left the group in 1999 due to personal reasons but continued to record, making occasional cameos on some albums. Guitarist Ben Kenney, had a brief stint with the group and contributed to the Phrenology album, but left to join Incubus as bassist. Percussionist Frank Knuckles joined the lineup in 2002 and guitarist Kirk "Captain Kirk" Douglas replaced Kenney. Vocalist Martin Luther toured with The Roots in 2003 and 2004 and contributed to the Tipping Point album. The group announced in August 2007 that its longtime bassist Leonard Hubbard was leaving. Owen Biddle was the band's bassist in 2007-2011.

The Roots' current members are: Black Thought (MC, vocals), Questlove (drums), Cap'n Kirk (guitar, vocals), and Questlove protégé Frank Knuckles (percussion). Recent touring and Tonight Show lineups added Damon "Tuba Gooding Jr." Bryson (sousaphone) and Mark Kelley (electric bass).28 On The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, James Poyser plays additional keyboards.

The band announced on August 25, 2011 that Owen Biddle left the band, replaced by Mark Kelley.29

Because the band members hail from Philadelphia and its surrounding area, they showed their support for the Phillies during the 2009 World Series against the Yankees, displaying Phillies memorabilia when performing on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon. On the episode which aired the day after the Yankees clinched the title, Questlove stated "No comment!" on the show's intro (when he usually states the episode number), and had a Yankees logo purposely displayed upside-down on his drumset. In 2010, the group showed support for the Flyers during their run to the Stanley Cup Final by having the team logo on their drumset.

Band lineup

Questlove in discussion during book signing.
Current members
Former members

Timeline

Legendary Roots Crew.jpg

Touring and other work

The Roots performing

The band tours extensively, and their live sets are frequently hailed as the best in the genre.30 In 2006 the band played a concert in NYC's Radio City Music Hall with Common, Nas, Talib Kweli and Big Daddy Kane.31 Also in 2006, they backed Jay-Z for his Reasonable Doubt Concert, a celebration of the 10-year anniversary of the release of his first album.3233

In 1994, The Roots appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation album, Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool. The album, meant to raise awareness and funds in support of the AIDS epidemic in relation to the African American community, was heralded as "Album of the Year" by Time magazine. They have been highly involved in many other Red Hot Organization productions, including the 1998 album Red Hot + Rhapsody and the 2001 album Red Hot + Indigo, a tribute to Duke Ellington.

The Roots have been featured in four movies: Dave Chappelle's Block Party, both performing album songs and playing as a backing band for other artists; Spike Lee's Bamboozled; Marc Levin's Brooklyn Babylon, in which Black Thought plays the protagonist, Solomon, and former band member Rahzel narrates; and Chasing Liberty, starring Mandy Moore. Black Thought and Questlove were both featured in the movie Brown Sugar. Black Thought made an appearance in the film Love Rome as Tariq Trotter, and Questlove currently appears in the recent documentary movie about TBC Brass Band called From the Mouthpiece on Back, which lists The Roots as one of the executive producers of the movie.

The band guest-performed with the Dave Matthews Band during their 2007 summer tour. Members of The Roots played in various forms as well as a whole band on DMB's back to back concerts at Alpine Valley Music Theatre in East Troy, Wisconsin. In 2007 the band performed at an NAACP tribute to Bono, covering U2's "Sunday Bloody Sunday" and "Pride (In the Name of Love)". Black Thought mixed in lines from the band's own "False Media".34

The group hosts a highly anticipated jam session every year the night before the Grammys.35 The Roots jam session, produced by Okayplayer, Goodtime Girl Entertainment and Keldof, has been attended by celebrities ranging from Jay-Z, Beyoncé Knowles and Tom Cruise to Don Cheadle, Jeremy Piven and Prince with impromptu performances from Snoop Dogg and Corrine Bailey Rae to Queen Latifah, Matisyahu, Fall Out Boy and Dave Chappelle.

Billed as The Roots, Questlove, Kirk and Owen made an appearance on The Colbert Report on April 15, 2008 when Stephen Colbert spent a week in Philadelphia prior to the 2008 Pennsylvania Democratic primary. During the appearance, they performed the intro song to the show, and closed the episode with a rendition of the "Star Spangled Banner".36

The Roots are featured on the Men in Black Original Soundtrack (1997) with the song "The Notic" with neo-soul singer D'Angelo. The song "Here I Come" was featured in the movies Superbad and Hancock. "Here I Come" is also featured in many video games including Project Gotham Racing 4. The song "The Seed 2.0" featuring Cody ChesnuTT was featured in the movies Collateral and I Think I Love My Wife, as well as the Without a Trace episode "Candy." The song "Don't Say Nuthin" was featured in the first season episode, "Busey And The Beach" of HBO's Entourage. The song, "Guns Are Drawn", featuring Aaron Livingston, was featured in a season six episode of CBS' Cold Case.

They performed on the popular kids' show Yo Gabba Gabba, performing "Lovely, Love My Family" in 2008. They also did a secret jam session at the Oulipo Ballroom in Kentucky in 2009.citation needed In 2012 they played during the NHL Winter Classic at Citizen's Bank Park in Philadelphia37 and at Austin City Limits Music Festival (ACL) in Austin, Texas.38 In 2013 they performed at the Gathering of the Vibes Music Festival at Seaside Park in Bridgeport, Connecticut.39

The Roots host the Roots Picnic, an annual all-day music festival in Philadelphia, every June.40

Late Night and The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon

In March 2009, The Roots became the new official house band on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, with "Here I Come" as the show's theme.41 When Jimmy Fallon became the host of The Tonight Show in February 2014, the Roots became the house band for that show.42

The Roots feature heavily throughout the show, providing the bumper music in and out of commercials, as well as the opening song "Here I Come" and playing the show off the air. Jimmy frequently interacts with the band during the course of the show, with them occasionally providing snippets of music for some monologue running jokes (such as Funkin GoNuts). They also provide music and drum rolls for the games with show guests, along with theme songs for the games and segments (like Darts of Insanity, Wheel of Carpet Samples, or Christmas Sweaters).

On November 22, 2011, US Congresswoman and presidential candidate Michele Bachmann was a guest on Late Night. For her entrance, The Roots controversially played a snippet from Fishbone's 1985 song, "Lying Ass Bitch"43 resulting in apologies from Jimmy Fallon,44 Questlove for The Roots,45 and NBC.46 The incident nearly resulted in The Roots being dismissed from the show, but the timing of the Thanksgiving holiday and a national security gaffe47 by Bachmann shortly after helped defuse the situation in the media.48 As a result of the incident, NBC approves all walk on songs prior to filming each show.48

Sketches

  • One of the first sketches involving the Roots was 'Freestyling With The Roots.' Jimmy finds an audience member and gets them to talk about themselves and a topic. The information is relayed to Tariq along with a genre of music, and they then compose a song on the spot. In the early days of the show in 2009 there was apprehension about their overall fit with the show, but after the first appearance of this sketch and its successful reception, "...They knew they were there for life." 49
  • Thank You Notes, a segment every Friday, involves keyboardist James Poyser prominently. The segment starts with "Can I get some thank you writing music James?" with James playing an arrangement similar to a sped up version of U2s song “October”50 and typically acting upset. Jimmy then tries to engage with him to get him to smile before continuing the segment.
  • Slow Jam The News features Jimmy Fallon and Tariq, often with a celebrity guest, rhyming over a 'slow-jam' played by The Roots. The lyrics are often political or current events related, with guests usually appearing to talk about an issue pertinent to them. Brian Williams is a frequent popular guest 'vocalist,' talking about the news as if he was still behind his anchor desk.51 Some of the notable guest slow-jammers include sitting President Barack Obama,52 and former Governor Mitt Romney.53 Like the majority of the show, the segments are uploaded to YouTube after airing on NBC and often go viral, President Obama's clip has received over 8 million views54 and the Mitt Romney clip received 2.7 million views in less than a week.55
  • The Roots also provide the backing tracks for Jimmy and Justin Timberlake's episodic 'History of Rap'. By March 2014, the incredibly popular64 History of Rap saga consists of 5 parts and 101 individual songs, all performed with a comedic approach.6566 The fifth installment was performed during the inaugural week of The Tonight Show.66

Awards and nominations

  • Grammy Awards
    • 1999: Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group for "You Got Me" (with Erykah Badu)67 (Winner)
    • 2002: Best Rap Album for Phrenology (Nominated)
    • 2004: Best Urban/Alternative Performance for "Star" (Nominated)
    • 2004: Best Rap Performance By a Duo/Group for "Don't Say Nuthin'" (Nominated)
    • 2007: Best Rap Album for Game Theory (Nominated)
    • 2007: Best Rap Performance By a Duo/Group for "Don't Feel Right" (Nominated)
    • 2010: Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance for "Hang on in There" (with John Legend)67 (Winner)
    • 2010: Best R&B Album for Wake Up!67 (Winner)
    • 2011: Best Group or Duo R&B Vocal Performance for "Shine" (Nominated)
    • 2011: Best Rap/Sung Collaboration for "Wake Up Everybody" (Nominated)
    • 2011: Best Rap Album for How I Got Over (Nominated)
    • 2013: Best Rap Album for Undun (Nominated)
  • MTV Video Music Awards
  • mtvU Woodie Awards
    • 2004: Road Woodie and Welcome Back Woodie (Nominated)68
  • BET Awards
    • 2005: Best Group (Nominated)
    • 2009: Best Group (Nominated)
  • NAACP Image Awards

Discography

Studio albums
EPs
Collaborative albums

Track numbering

A distinctive feature of The Roots albums is the way tracks are numbered. With the exception of their collaboration albums, The Roots have used continuous track numbering beginning with their first studio album Organix through all following albums:74

  • 1-17: Organix
  • 18-33: Do You Want More?!!!??!
  • 34-53: Illadelph Halflife
  • 54-71: Things Fall Apart
  • 72-76: The Legendary
  • 77-86: The Roots Come Alive
  • 87-102: Phrenology
  • 103-113: The Tipping Point
  • 114-127: Game Theory
  • 128-142: Rising Down
  • 143-156: How I Got Over
  • 157-170: Undun

Questlove references this numbering system in his book "Mo' Meta Blues: The World According to Questlove" (specifically to the release of Illadelph Halflife ), and that it was: "...our way of saying that it was a continuation of the work we had started on Organix and Do You Want More?!!!??!."75

References

  1. ^ Powell, Kevin (October 24, 1996). "Album Review: Illadelph Halflife". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  2. ^ "25 Greatest Hip-Hop Groups - Best Rap Groups of All Time". Rap.about.com. 2013-03-01. Retrieved 2013-04-17. 
  3. ^ Thompson, Ahmir 'Questlove'; Greenman, Ben (2013). "Chapter 9". Mo' Meta Blues: The World According to Questlove publisher=Hachette Book Group. p. 88. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Bush, John (2008). "The Roots – Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  5. ^ "Roots Take A Swing At Video Cliches". MTV News. 7 January 1997. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  6. ^ "Gold and Platinum – The Roots". RIAA. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  7. ^ "The Roots Send Wake-Up Call To "Unconscious" Population". MTV News. 23 February 1999. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  8. ^ "Santana, Aguilera, The Roots Ponder Grammy Honors". MTV News. 24 February 2000. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  9. ^ "42nd Annual Grammy Awards nominations". CNN. 4 January 2000. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  10. ^ Huey, Steve (1999). "Things Fall Apart > Overview". allmusic. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  11. ^ "Elvis Costello, Roots, Megadeth, Others Added To Woodstock Lineup". MTV News. 12 July 1999. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  12. ^ Reid, Shaheem (17 December 2001). "Roots' Questlove Gives Backstage Access To Jay-Z Unplugged". MTV News. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  13. ^ "For The Record: Quick News On Incubus, P. Diddy, Liv Tyler, John Mayer, Johnny Cash, David Lee Roth & More". MTV News. 4 April 2003. Retrieved 2009-03-15. 
  14. ^ "Grammy Award nominees in top categories". Associated Press. 7 December 2004. Retrieved 2009-03-15. 
  15. ^ Patel, Joseph (7 September 2004). "Chappelle Throwing A Block Party With Kanye, Lauryn, Others". MTV News. Retrieved 2009-03-15. 
  16. ^ Reid, Shaheem (1 March 2006). "Dave Chappelle Says New Movie Will 'Let The Healing Begin'". MTV News. Retrieved 2009-03-15. 
  17. ^ "Questlove Game Theory Interview". Retrieved July 17, 2006. 
  18. ^ Brown, Marisa (29 April 2008). "Rising Down > Overview". allmusic. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  19. ^ "Exclusive Hip Hop News, Audio, Lyrics, Videos, Honeys, Wear, Sneakers, Download Mixtapes". Hiphopgame.com. Retrieved 2011-07-03. 
  20. ^ by gingerlynn on June 25, 2009 (25 June 2009). "Video: The Roots Perform NEW Single "How I Got Over" on Fallon « Okayplayer". Okayplayer.com. Retrieved 2011-07-03. 
  21. ^ Horowitz, Steven J. (7 October 2011). "The Roots Announce Release Date For First-Ever Concept Album "UNDUN"". HipHop DX. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  22. ^ "?uestlove Explains How SPIN and Sufjan Inspired the Roots' 'undun'". SPIN.com. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  23. ^ The Roots and Elvis Costello Announce Collaborative Album Wise Up Ghost | News. Pitchfork (2013-05-29). Retrieved on 2013-08-25.
  24. ^ Watch/Listen: Elvis Costello and the Roots: "Walk Us Uptown" | News. Pitchfork (2013-07-22). Retrieved on 2013-08-25.
  25. ^ Bilger, Burkhard (12 November 23012). "A hip-hop pioneer reinvents late-night music.". The New Yorker (New York, New York: Conde Nast). Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  26. ^ Thompson, Ahmir 'Questlove' (20 June 2013). Questlove Talks New Roots Album, 'Tonight Show' and Self-Doubt. Interview with Jason Newman. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  27. ^ Baker, Soren (2014-02-27). "Black Thought Describes The Roots' "And Then You Shoot Your Cousin" Album Concept". HipHop DX. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  28. ^ "Mark Kelley Joins The Roots, Farewell To Owen Biddle". Okayplayer. 2011-08-30. Retrieved 2013-04-17. 
  29. ^ "Bass player Owen Biddle leaves The Roots, Mark Kelley joins the band | Philadelphia Inquirer | August 25, 2011". Philly.com. 
  30. ^ "The Roots – Hip hop's best live act". The List. 
  31. ^ Sanneh, Kelefa (20 May 2006). "HIP-HOP REVIEW; A Long-Running Rap Band, in Good Company". The New York Times. p. 7. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  32. ^ "Jay-Z Revives 'Reasonable Doubt' In NYC". Billboard. June 26, 2006. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  33. ^ Sanneh, Kelefa (27 June 2006). "MUSIC REVIEW; The Reflections of a Hustler, 10 Years Wiser". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  34. ^ "Song of the Day: The Roots, "Sunday Bloody Sunday / Pride (In the Name of Love)" (U2 cover) » Cover Me". Covermesongs.com. Retrieved 2011-07-03. 
  35. ^ Billboard Staff. "Roots Grammy Jam Session Report: No-Shows Scuttled 'On the Fly' Whitney Houston Tribute, ?uestlove Says". Billboard.com. Billboard. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  36. ^ Rosenzweig, Alexis (April 16, 2008). "Letter From Backstage: The Roots At The Colbert Report". Philebrity.com. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  37. ^ Peter, Crimmins (January 3, 2012). "Rangers top Flyers in NHL's Winter Classic in Philadelphia". Newsworks (WHYY). Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  38. ^ Caldwell, Patrick (October 9, 2012). "The Roots are the best band in America. Period. Here’s why.". Austin American-Statesman (Austin, TX). Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  39. ^ Voket, John (July 31, 2013). "Fair Weather Helped Thousands Groove At This Year’s Gathering Of The Vibes". The Newtown Bee. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  40. ^ DeLuca, Dan (June 2, 2013). "Review: The Roots Picnic, with Macklemore & Ryan Lewis, Gary Clark Jr., Grimes and Naughty by Nature". philly.com. Philadelphia Media Network. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  41. ^ Nolan, Hamilton (November 17, 2008). "The Roots To Be Jimmy Fallon's Band; We Are Old And Sad". Gawker. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  42. ^ Garvey, Marianne; Brian Niemietz (April 4, 2013). "Jimmy Fallon will stick with his Roots when he replaces Jay Leno at 'Tonight'". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  43. ^ "Roots Welcome Bachmann With 'Lyin' As* B*tch' On Fallon". The Huffington Post. November 22, 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  44. ^ Bierly, Mandi (November 23, 2011). "Jimmy Fallon apologizes to Michele Bachmann for the Roots' song choice". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  45. ^ WSJ Staff (November 22, 2011). "Questlove Says Michele Bachmann Song on 'Jimmy Fallon' Was 'Tongue-in-Cheek'". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  46. ^ Perpetua, Matthew (December 9, 2011). "The Roots Must Clear Music With NBC After Michele Bachmann Incident". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  47. ^ Jones, Melanie (1 December 2011). "Bachmann's Iran Embassy Flub: GOP Candidate's Top 10 Gaffes [VIDEO]". iktimes.com. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  48. ^ a b Jacobs, Matthew (22 June 2013). "Questlove's Michele Bachmann Tribute, Tina Fey R"emarks Nearly Got Him Fired From 'Late Night With Jimmy Fallon'". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  49. ^ Greene, Andy (20 November 2009). "The Roots’ ?uestlove on Life on Jimmy Fallon as Late Night’s Hottest House Band". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  50. ^ reference needed
  51. ^ "Brian Williams Slow Jams The News with Jimmy Fallon and the Roots". HuffingtonPost.com. 17 December 2010. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  52. ^ "Obama ‘Slow Jams The News’ with Jimmy Fallon". HuffingtonPost.com. 24 April 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  53. ^ Staff (25 January 2014). "Mitt Romney, Jimmy Fallon ‘slow-jam’ the news". Politico.com. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  54. ^ "Jimmy Fallon – Slow Jam the News with Barack Obama". Youtube.com. 24 April 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  55. ^ ""Slow Jam The News" with Mitt Romney (Jimmy Fallon)". Youtube.com. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  56. ^ "Carly Rae Jepsen, Jimmy Fallon & The Roots Sing ‘Call Me Maybe’". HuffingtonPost.com. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  57. ^ "Jimmy Fallon, Carly Rae Jepsen & The Roots Sing ‘Call Me Maybe" (with Classroom Instruments)". YouTube.com. 8 June 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  58. ^ "Jimmy Fallon, Robin Thicke & The Roots Perform ‘Blurred Lines’ On Classroom Instruments". HuffingtonPost.com. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  59. ^ "Jimmy Fallon, Robin Thicke & The Roots Sing ‘Blurred Lines’ (with Classroom Instruments)". YouTube.com. 1 July 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  60. ^ Saunders, Louise (5 December 2012). "Mariah Carey performs a unique rendition of All I Want For Christmas with Jimmy Fallon and the Roots". DailyBeast.co.uk. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  61. ^ "Jimmy Fallon, Mariah Carey & The Roots Sing ‘All I Want For Christmas Is You’ (with Classroom Instruments)". YouTube.com. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  62. ^ Everett, Christina (26 September 2013). "Jimmy Fallon, The Roots sing ‘Sesame Street’ theme song, play classroom instruments with Muppets". nydailynews.com. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  63. ^ "Jimmy Fallon, Sesame Street & The Roots Sing ‘Sesame Street’ theme (with Classroom Instruments)". YouTube.com. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  64. ^ Woo, Kelly (16 March 2013). "Justin Timberlake and Jimmy Fallon Do 'History of Rap 4' [Video]". yahoo.com. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  65. ^ Sia, Nicole (16 March 2013). "Here's Every Song in Justin Timberlake and Jimmy Fallon's 'History of Rap, Part 4'". spin.com. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  66. ^ a b Sia, Nicole (22 February 2014). "Here's Every Song in Justin Timberlake and Jimmy Fallon's 'History of Rap, Part 5'". spin.com. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  67. ^ a b c "Past Winners Search". Grammy.com. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  68. ^ "mtvU Woodie Awards 2004". mtv.com. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  69. ^ "38th annual NAACP Image Awards winners". USAtoday.com. Associated Press. 3 March 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  70. ^ a b Kuperstein, Slava (6 March 2011). "Ice Cube, LL Cool J, The Roots Win NAACP Image Awards". HipHopDx.com. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  71. ^ Sanneh, Kelefa (2004-04-21). "Restrainedly Lincoln Center Meets Boom Bap". The New York Times (New York, New York: The New York Times). Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  72. ^ Moon, Tom (21 April 2004). "Other arts recipients of Phila. Hero Awards - Philly.com". Philly.com. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  73. ^ Horowitz, Steven J. (2013-01-23). "The Roots Announce Collaborative Album With Elvis Costello, Reveal New LP Title | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved 2013-04-17. 
  74. ^ "The Numbered Tracks". TheRootsArchive.com. Retrieved 2013-04-17. 
  75. ^ Thompson, Ahmir 'Questlove'; Greenman, Ben (2013). "Chapter 12". Mo' Meta Blues: The World According to Questlove. Hachette Book Group. p. 142. 

External links








Creative Commons License