The Shubert Organization
poster for the Shubert Theatre
in Brooklyn, New York
|Founder(s)||Sam S., Jacob J. and Lee Shubert|
|Key people||The Shuberts|
|Website||The Shubert Organization|
The Shubert Organization is a theatrical producing organization and a major owner of theatres based in Manhattan, New York City. It was founded by the Shubert brothers, Sam S. Shubert, Lee Shubert, and Jacob J. Shubert of Syracuse, New York – colloquially and collectively known as "The Shuberts" – in the late 19th century in upstate New York, entering into New York City productions in 1900. The organization produced a large number of shows and began acquiring theaters. Sam Shubert died in 1905; by 1916 the two remaining brothers had become powerful theater moguls with a nationwide presence.
By 1929, the Shubert Theatre chain included Broadway's most important venues, the Winter Garden, the Sam S. Shubert, and the Imperial Theaters, and owned, managed, operated, or booked nearly a thousand theaters nationwide. The company continued to produce stage productions in New York until the 1940s, returning to producing Broadway productions in the 1970s after a hiatus.
The company was reorganized in 1973, and as of 2008 owned or operated seventeen Broadway theaters in New York City, an off-Broadway theater — the Little Shubert — and the Forrest Theatre in Philadelphia.1 It leases Boston's Shubert Theatre to the Citi Performing Arts Center.2 Shubert Ticketing, which includes Telecharge, handles tickets for 70 theaters.
Several former Shubert-owned theaters across the United States that are still referred to by the Shubert name. One of the most famous is the New Haven Shubert, the second theater ever built by the Shubert Organization. Until the 1970s, major Broadway producers often premiered shows there before opening in New York. It was immortalized in many mid-20th century films, such as All About Eve.
Another important regional theater was the Shubert in Chicago, Illinois located within the Majestic Building on 22 West Monroe Street. Originally known as the Majestic Theatre, the Shubert Organization purchased it in 1945 and rechristened it the "Sam Shubert Theatre". The Shuberts sold the theatre to the Nederlander Organization in 1991 who sold the naming rights to LaSalle Bank in 2005. After three years as the LaSalle Bank Theatre, it became the Bank of America Theatre in 2008 after that institution purchased LaSalle Bank.
- Avon Theatre34
- Adelphi Theatre (1944-1970)
- Bijou Theatre3
- Casino Theatre (from 1903)3
- Central Theatre (1918-1988)
- Century Theatre3
- Century Theatre Roof
- Forrest Theatre (1925-1945)5
- 44th Street Theatre (1912-1945)
- 49th Street Theatre36
- Nora Bayes Theatre (on roof)
- 46th Street Theatre (1935-1945)
- Majestic Theatre (Columbus Circle)3
- Manhattan Center (1911-1922)
- Maxine Elliott Theatre (1906-1956)3
- Morosco Theatre
- National Theatre (?-1956)
- New Century Theatre
- Ritz Theatre (1921-1956)
- Sam H. Harris Theatre3
- St. James Theatre (1941-1957)
- Waldorf Theatre3
- Bronx Opera House, Bronx3
- Riviera Theatre, Manhattan 7
- Shubert Majestic Theatre, Brooklyn3
- Teller's Shubert Theatre, Brooklyn3
- Colonial Theatre (Boston) (?-1957)8
- Majestic Theatre (Boston) (1903-1956)9
- Plymouth Theatre (Boston) (1927-1957)
- Wilbur Theatre (Boston)10
- Blackstone Theatre (Chicago) (1948-1989)
- Erlanger Theatre (Chicago)10
- Great Northern Theatre (Chicago)10
- Shubert Theatre (Chicago) (1945-1991)
- Cox Theatre (Cincinnati)10
- Shubert Theatre (Cincinnati)1011
- Cass Theatre (Detroit) (1926-1962)12
- Shubert-Lafayette Theatre (Detroit) (1925-1957)1213
- Shubert Theatre (Los Angeles) (1972-2002)
- Shubert Theatre (New Haven) (1914-1941)14
- Locust Theatre (Philadelphia) (?-1956)15
- Shubert Theatre (Philadelphia) (1918-1957)8
- Walnut Street Theatre (Philadelphia) (1941-1969)
- Alvin Theatre (Pittsburgh)3
- Pitt Theatre (Pittsburgh)3
- Town Hall Theatre (Toledo) (1945-1953)161718
- National Theatre (Washington, D.C.) (1980-2012)1920
- "Our Theatres". Shubert Organization. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Wang Center Expected To Take Over Theater". Bangor Daily News (Google News). Associated Press. 16 February 1996. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Who Owns the Theatres?". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). 20 November 1927. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Klaw Theatre". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "Forrest Theatre". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "49th Street Theatre". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- Jean. "Riviera Theatre". Cinema Treasures.
- "Shuberts Sell Theatre". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). 5 December 1957. Retrieved 2013-08-26.
- "History of the Cutler Majestic Theatre". CutlerMajestic.org. Retrieved 2013-08-30.
- Ranzal, Edward (18 February 1956). "Shubert Consents to Break Up Chain". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). Retrieved 2013-08-26.
- Zolotow, Sam (19 November 1962). "Death of John Shubert Provokes Speculation on Theater Empire". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). Retrieved 2013-08-30.
- Austin, Dan. "Cass Theatre". HistoricDetroit.org. Retrieved 2013-08-28.
- Kakutani, Michiko (14 September 1980). "The Great Theater Duel and How It Affects Broadway". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). Retrieved 2013-08-28.
- "New Haven Theatre Sold". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). 2 August 1941. Retrieved 2013-08-30.
- "Locust Theatre Let". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). 25 August 1957. Retrieved 2013-08-30.
- "Capitol Theater Soon To House Legitimate Plays". The Toledo Blade (Google News). 18 April 1945. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- Woodbury, Mike (7 June 1945). "Capitol Gets a New Name". The Toledo Blade (Google News). Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Burlesque is Back on Town Hall Stage". The Toledo Blade (Google News). 4 September 1953. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Shubert Wins Management Case". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). 14 June 1980. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- Harris, Paul (20 September 2012). "New bookers for D.C. National". Variety. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shubert Organization.|
- Official website
- Shubert Foundation website
- Shubert Archive website
- Shubert Theatre Organization materials, 1977-1997, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts