Three Rivers, Texas

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Three Rivers, Texas
City
Location of Three Rivers, Texas
Location of Three Rivers, Texas
LiveOak County ThreeRivers.svg
Coordinates: 28°28′2″N 98°10′46″W / 28.46722°N 98.17944°W / 28.46722; -98.17944Coordinates: 28°28′2″N 98°10′46″W / 28.46722°N 98.17944°W / 28.46722; -98.17944
Country United States
State Texas
County Live Oak
Area
 • Total 1.4 sq mi (3.8 km2)
 • Land 1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 144 ft (44 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,878
 • Density 1,299.7/sq mi (501.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78060, 78071
Area code(s) 361
FIPS code 48-728721
GNIS feature ID 13485252

Three Rivers is a city in Live Oak County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,878 at the 2000 census.3

History

Mrs. Annie T. Hamilton paid the San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad to build a depot on her land in 1913. Then Mr. Tips, at the urging of Mrs. Annie Hamilton of Cuero, came to the Brush Country. Mrs. Hamilton owned a tract of land where Three Rivers now sits. Charles R. Tips organized a townsite company and sold land for the township. On July 4, 1913 with a grand opening and first sale of land the town began.4 From its formation it was designed as a segregated township, with the "Mexican" section located between the river and the railroad tracks, west of the business section. This can still be seen today in the differences of street names, even though forced segregation ended many decades past.

The city is named for its proximity to three rivers, the Atascosa River, the Frio River, and the Nueces River (the Atascosa joins the Frio north of the city, while the Frio joins the Nueces south of the city).5 Originally named Hamiltonburg, the city name was changed when mail meant for the city was accidentally delivered to Hamilton, Texas instead. Tips suggested the town be named for its location near the rivers, and Three Rivers was approved as the new name by the post office department on May 1, 1914. Three Rivers was incorporated in 1926 and operates under the general-law aldermanic form of government. In 1925 its population was estimated at 1,000, in 1931 at 1,275, and in 1965 at 1,932, with seventy businesses.6

In 1920 natural gas was discovered near Three Rivers and was piped into town and a small refinery was built. The first glass factory in Texas was built at Three Rivers in 1922 as the gas fuel and local sand was plentiful.7 The onset of the Great Depression, forced the sale of the factory to the Ball Glass Company in 1937, and the factory was permanently closed in 1938. The small refinery, however, expanded over time to become a major Diamond Shamrock refinery by 1990 and still is a major employer in the town to this day.8

In 1948-49 the city of Three Rivers gained notoriety as the location of what has become known as the "Longoria Affair" when the director of the only funeral home in town refused to allow chapel services in 1948 for the body of a "Mexican-American" Soldier killed during WWII in 1945.9

Geography

Three Rivers is located at 28°28′02″N 98°10′46″W / 28.467155°N 98.179451°W / 28.467155; -98.179451 (28.467155, -98.179451).10

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), all of it land.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Three Rivers has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.11

Demographics

As of the census1 of 2000, there were 1,878 people, 704 households, and 492 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,299.7 people per square mile (503.5/km2). There were 876 housing units at an average density of 606.2/sq mi (234.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.22% White, 0.53% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 14.00% from other races, and 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 50.37% of the population.

There were 704 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,188, and the median income for a family was $34,188. Males had a median income of $30,337 versus $16,607 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,814. About 21.6% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.0% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economic base

Three Rivers is also the site of the first glass factory in the State of Texas. Although it is no longer in production and the building has been demolished, a State Historical Marker stands at its site. Some of the antique shops in town and in the neighboring town of George West may sometimes carry a few pieces the factory produced.

Many Three Rivers residents live in or near Three Rivers because of the large number of jobs needed in the nearby federal prison (located roughly 10 miles (16 km) west of town, on Hwy 72) and the Valero refinery located inside the city limits. Until recently most new residents moving permanently to Three Rivers are ones transferred to work in the prison or refinery from other jobs within those respective systems.

With the recent 'fracking' surge it in the area, Three Rivers is centrally located in the middle of a large field that extends over a three county area. The town has become a boom town, putting increased pressure on housing and other town resources.

Government and infrastructure

The United States Postal Service operates the Three Rivers Post Office.12

The Federal Bureau of Prisons Federal Correctional Institution, Three Rivers is located in unincorporated Live Oak County, near Three Rivers.1314

Schools

There is a single school district for the entire city, Three Rivers Independent School District, containing Three Rivers Elementary School, Three Rivers Junior High School and Three Rivers High School. The school has a usually-friendly rivalry with the school district in neighboring George West.citation needed

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Three Rivers Demographics". Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ [3]
  7. ^ [4]
  8. ^ [5]
  9. ^ [6]
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Three Rivers, Texas
  12. ^ "Post Office Location - THREE RIVERS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  13. ^ "FCI Three Rivers Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on December 12, 2010. "US HIGHWAY 72 WEST THREE RIVERS, TX 78071"
  14. ^ "Three Rivers city, Texas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.

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