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Thulukkar is the group of Tamil speaking Muslim populations in south and central Kerala. They are supposed to have migrated from Tamil Nadu to various parts of Kerala through the Western Ghats. Many members of the Thulukkar community migrated to Pakistan after independence and settled in Karachi, Sindh. They are called "anna" in Kerala, owing to the pseudo-Tamil language they speak.
In north and central Kerala native Muslims are predominant and are called Mappila. In the former south Travancore region, Thulukkars are the common Muslims, especially in Trivandrum district and in certain pockets in the eastern hill ranges like Erattupetta and Thodupuzha
They were speaking Tamil until the vast majority shifted to Malayalam as their first language. Most of them follow the Hanafi school of Islam.
They have surnames such as Rawther, Labba and Kannu.
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