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Queen Anne's War: The war began. East Jersey and West Jersey became Crown colonies. 1715 Yamasee War: The war, in Carolina, took place. 1727 June 11 George I of Great Britain died and was succeeded by George II of Great Britain. 1729 The proprietors of the Province of Carolina sold out to the British crown. 1732 First Great Awakening: The First Great Awakening took place. 1749 The Province of Georgia overturned its ban on slavery. 1752 Benjamin Franklin's kite experiment took place. 1754 French and Indian War: The war began. Albany Congress: A "Union of Colonies" was proposed. 1758 October The Treaty of Easton was signed. 1760 September 8 French and Indian War: Pierre de Rigaud, Governor of New France, signed the Articles of Capitulation of Montreal, ceding the Ohio Country and Illinois Country, and the territory of modern-day Canada, to British Field Marshal Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, ending major hostilities. October 25 George II died and was succeeded by his grandson George III of the United Kingdom. 1763 Pontiac's Rebellion: The rebellion began. February 10 French and Indian War: The Treaty of Paris, under which France ceded much of its North American territory to Great Britain but surrendered Louisiana to Spain, formally ended the war. October 7 George III issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763, establishing royal administration over the British colonies won under the Treaty of Paris and demarcating their western boundary. 1764 April 5 The Sugar Act, intended to raise revenues, was passed by the British Parliament. September 1 The British Parliament passed the Currency Act, which prohibited the colonies from issuing paper money. 1765 March 22 To help defray the cost of keeping troops in America, the British Parliament enacted the Stamp Act 1765, imposing a tax on many types of printed materials used in the colonies. March 24 The British Parliament enacted the Quartering Act, requiring the Thirteen Colonies to provide housing, food, and other provisions to British troops. May 29 Virginia's House of Burgesses adopted the Virginia Resolves, which claimed that under British law Virginians could be taxed only by an assembly to which they had elected representatives. October 19 Stamp Act Congress: A congress of delegated from nine colonies adopted the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, which petitioned Parliament and the King to repeal the Stamp Act. 1766 Pontiac's Rebellion: The rebellion ended. March 18 The British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act and issued the Declaratory Act, which asserted its "full power and authority to make laws and statutes... to bind the colonies and people of America... in all cases whatsoever." May 21 The Liberty Pole was erected in New York City in celebration of the repeal of the Stamp Act. 1767 The British Parliament suspended the Governor and assembly of the Province of New York for failure to enforce the Quartering Act. June 29 The Townshend Acts, named for Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend, were passed by the British Parliament, placing duties on many items imported into America. 1769 The British Parliament suspended the Governor and assembly of the Province of New York for failure to enforce the Quartering Act. December The broadside To the Betrayed Inhabitants of the City and Colony of New York was published by the local Sons of Liberty. 1770 January 19 Battle of Golden Hill: British troops wounded several civilians and killed one. January 28 Frederick North, Lord North becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain. March 5 Boston Massacre: The massacre took place. 1771 May 16 Battle of Alamance: A battle took place in North Carolina ending the Regulator Movement. 1772 Samuel Adams organized the Committees of Correspondence. May The Watauga Association, in modern-day Tennessee, declared itself independent. June 9 Gaspée Affair: The affair took place. 1773 May 10 The British Parliament passed the Tea Act. December 15 The local Sons of Liberty published Association of the Sons of Liberty in New York. December 16 Boston Tea Party: The Boston Tea Party took place. 1774 Franklin, then Massachusetts's agent in London, was questioned before the British Parliament. Dunmore's War: The war took place. Britain passed the Quebec Act, one of the so-called Intolerable Acts. First Continental Congress: The Congress, to which twelve colonies sent delegates, met. March 31 Britain passed the Boston Port Act, one of the so-called Intolerable Acts. May 20 Britain passed the Administration of Justice Act 1774, one of the so-called Intolerable Acts. Britain passed the Massachusetts Government Act, one of the so-called Intolerable Acts. June 2 Britain passed a second Quartering Act, one of the so-called Intolerable Acts. September 1 Powder Alarm: British General Thomas Gage secretly raided a powder magazine in Cambridge. October 19 The HMS Peggy Stewart was burned. December 22 Greenwich Tea Party: The Greenwich Tea Party took place. 1775 Second Continental Congress: The Congress met. April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord: The battles took place, beginning the American Revolutionary War. May 9 Skenesboro, New York was captured by Lieutenant Samuel Herrick. May 10 Fort Ticonderoga was captured by Ethan Allen, Benedict Arnold and the Green Mountain Boys. June 17 Battle of Bunker Hill: The battle took place. July The Olive Branch Petition was sent to King George III. December 5 Henry Knox began the transport of fifty-nine captured cannon from upstate New York to Boston. 1776 New Hampshire ratified the first state constitution. Prisoners began to be taken in Wallabout Bay. see Prisoners in the American Revolutionary War. January 10 Thomas Paine published Common Sense. January 24 Knox reached Boston. March 3 Battle of Nassau: The battle began. March 4 Battle of Nassau: The battle ended. July 2 Second Continental Congress: The Congress enacted the Lee Resolution declaring independence from the British Empire. July 4 Second Continental Congress: The Congress approved the written United States Declaration of Independence. August 27 Battle of Long Island: The battle took place. September 11 Staten Island Peace Conference: The peace conference took place. September 15 Landing at Kip's Bay: The landing took place. September 16 Battle of Harlem Heights: The battle took place. September 21 Great Fire of New York (1776): The fire began. September 22 Nathan Hale was captured and executed for espionage. Great Fire of New York (1776): The fire ended. October 11 Battle of Valcour Island: The battle took place. October 29 Battle of White Plains: The battle took place. November 16 Battle of Fort Washington: The battle took place. November 20 Battle of Fort Lee: The battle took place. December 23 Battle of Iron Works Hill: The battle began. December 26 Battle of Trenton: The battle took place. Battle of Iron Works Hill: The battle ended. 1777 Forage War: The war took place. January 2 Second Battle of Trenton: The battle took place. January 3 Battle of Princeton: The battle took place. April 13 Battle of Bound Brook: The battle took place. May 28 The Continental Army made camp at the Middlebrook encampment. July 2 The Continental Army left the Middlebrook encampment. July 5 Fort Ticonderoga was abandoned by the Continental Army due to advancing British troops placing cannon on Mount Defiance. July 6 The British retook Fort Ticonderoga. July 7 Battle of Hubbardton: The battle took place. July 8 Delegates in Vermont established the Vermont Republic and adopted the Constitution of Vermont (Vermont Republic), which abolished slavery. July 26 Battle of Short Hills: The battle took place. August 6 Battle of Oriskany: The battle took place. August 16 Battle of Bennington: The battle took place. September 11 Battle of Brandywine: The battle took place. September 19 Battles of Saratoga: The first Battle of Saratoga took place. September 20 Battle of Paoli: The battle took place. September 26 The British occupied Philadelphia. October 4 Battle of Germantown: The battle took place. October 7 Battles of Saratoga: The second battle concluded with the surrender of the British army under General John Burgoyne. October 22 Battle of Red Bank: The battle took place. November 15 Second Continental Congress: The Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation. December 5 Battle of White Marsh: The battle began. December 8 Battle of White Marsh: The battle ended. December 11 Battle of Matson's Ford: The battle took place. December 19 The Continental Army entered its winter quarters at Valley Forge 1778 February 6 The Treaty of Alliance was signed with France. May 20 Battle of Barren Hill: The battle took place. June British occupation of Philadelphia ended. June 19 The Continental Army left its winter quarters at Valley Forge. June 28 Battle of Monmouth: The battle took place. November 30 The Continental Army entered winter quarters at the Middlebrook encampment. 1779 June 3 The Continental Army left the Middlebrook encampment. July 16 Battle of Stony Point: The battle took place. August 19 Battle of Paulus Hook: The battle took place. December The Continental Army entered winter quarters at Morristown. 1780 January 28 A stockade known as Fort Nashborough was founded on the banks of the Cumberland River. February 1 Some eight thousand British forces under General Henry Clinton arrived in Charleston, South Carolina, from New York. Second Continental Congress: New York ceded its western claims, including territory west of Lake Ontario, to the Congress. March 14 Bombardment of Fort Charlotte: After a two-week siege, Spanish General Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid, Count of Gálvez captured Fort Charlotte, in Mobile, from the British. April 8 Siege of Charleston: British troops under General Clinton and naval forces under Admiral Mariot Arbuthnot besiege Charleston, South Carolina. May The Continental Army left Morristown. May 6 Siege of Charleston: Fort Moultrie fell to the British. May 12 Siege of Charleston: American General Benjamin Lincoln surrendered Charleston to the British. The British lost two hundred and fifty-five men while capturing a large American garrison. May 29 Battle of Waxhaws: A clash between Continental Army forces under Abraham Buford and a mainly Loyalist force led by Banastre Tarleton near Lancaster, South Carolina resulted in the destruction of the American forces. June 6 Battle of Connecticut Farms: The battle took place. June 23 Battle of Springfield (1780): An attempted British invasion of New Jersey was stopped at Connecticut Farms and Springfield, ending major fighting in the North. September 23 John André was captured, exposing the treason of Arnold. October 7 Battle of Kings Mountain: The battle took place. 1781 January 17 Battle of Cowpens: The battle took place. March 1 The Articles of Confederation were ratified. March 15 Battle of Guilford Court House: The battle took place. October 19 Siege of Yorktown: The British surrendered at Yorktown. December 31 The Bank of North America was chartered. 1782 The British government officially, yet informally, recognized American independence. 1783 The British withdraw from ports in New York and the Carolinas. September 3 American Revolutionary War: The Treaty of Paris (1783) ended the war. 1784 The State of Frankland, later Franklin, seceded from North Carolina. 1785 Congress refused Franklin admission to the Union. November 28 The Treaty of Hopewell was signed. 1786 Shays' Rebellion: The rebellion took place. Annapolis Convention (1786): The convention failed. 1787 The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was passed. Philadelphia Convention: A Constitutional convention took place in Philadelphia. Delaware, Pennsylvania and New Jersey ratified the Constitution. 1788 North Carolina reconquered and dissolved the State of Franklin. 1789 United States presidential election, 1789: The election took place. The United States Constitution came into effect. April 30 First inauguration of George Washington: George Washington was inaugurated as President in New York City. 1st United States Congress: The Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1789 and the Hamilton tariff. The Jay-Gardoqui Treaty was signed. November 21 North Carolina, by a margin of 43%, became the twelfth state to ratify the Constitution. 1790 May 26 The Southwest Territory (a/k/a Territory South of the River Ohio) is created from North Carolina's Western frontier lands. May 29 Rhode Island, by a margin of 3%, became the thirteenth state to ratify the Constitution. 1791 The United States Bill of Rights was ratified. The First Bank of the United States was chartered. The independent Vermont Republic was admitted to the Union as Vermont, becoming the fourteenth state. 1792 Kentucky County, Virginia became the fifteenth state of Kentucky. November 2 – December 5 U.S. presidential election, 1792: Washington was reelected President. John Adams was chosen as Vice President. 1793 Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. A yellow fever outbreak occurred in Philadelphia. The Fugitive Slave Law of 1793 was passed. February 18 Chisholm v. Georgia was decided. 1794 Whiskey Rebellion: The rebellion took place. Aug – Nov The Nickajack Expedition brings a close to the Chickamauga Wars. Aug 20 Battle of Fallen Timbers: The battle took place ending the Northwest Indian War with the Western Confederacy. The first of the "Civilized" Indian Nations, the Cherokee Nation, is founded. 1795 The Treaty of Greenville was signed. The Jay Treaty was signed. The Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified 1796 June 1 Tennessee, formerly Southwest Territory, was admitted as the sixteenth state. Pinckney's Treaty was signed. The Treaty of Tripoli was signed. November 4 – December 7 U.S. presidential election, 1796: Adams was elected President. Thomas Jefferson was elected Vice President. 1797 Adams was inaugurated. XYZ Affair: The affair took place. 1798 The Alien and Sedition Acts were passed. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions were issued. 1799 The Charles Brockden Brown novel Edgar Huntly was published. Fries's Rebellion: The rebellion took place. The Logan Act was passed. December 14 Washington died