Tran, Bulgaria

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Tran
Трън
Skyline of Tran
Coat of arms of Tran
Coat of arms
Tran is located in Bulgaria
Tran
Tran
Location of Tran, Bulgaria
Coordinates: 42°50′N 22°40′E / 42.833°N 22.667°E / 42.833; 22.667
Country Bulgaria
Provinces
(Oblast)
Pernik
Government
 • Mayor Stanislav Nikolov
Elevation 706 m (2,316 ft)
Population (2006-07-12)1
 • Total 2,913
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 2460
Area code(s) 07731

Tran (Bulgarian: Трън, meaning "thorn") is a small town in Tran Municipality, Pernik Province, western Bulgaria. It is 27 kilometres away from the town of Breznik and 15 km from the border with Serbia.

The town was first mentioned in 1451 as Tran; its name was also rendered as Turun, Tuin, Turan, Taran throughout the 15th–16th centuries.2 Under the Ottoman Empire it belonged to the Sanjak of Niš.3

One distinctive feature of the town is the specific Tran dialect of the Bulgarian language spoken in Tran, which is part of the Torlakian dialect group. The Erma River which flows from the town has formed a magnificent gorge known as Transko Zhdrelo. Tran holds the Bulgarian lowest temperature record at −38.3°C (−36.94°F) registered in the winter of 1947.


Climate

The town has a humid continental climate with large temperature amplitudes, similar to that of Sofia. The lowest temperature in Bulgaria −38.3 °C (−36.9 °F) was recorded in Tran in January 1947. With temperatures frequently dropping to −20 °C (−4 °F) - −25 °C (−13 °F) through the winter, Tran can be considered one of the coldest towns in Bulgaria.

Climate data for Tran, Bulgaria, records 1926-2013
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
21.5
(70.7)
30.5
(86.9)
29.5
(85.1)
34.2
(93.6)
36.6
(97.9)
38.3
(100.9)
39.8
(103.6)
37.9
(100.2)
32.1
(89.8)
25.5
(77.9)
18.5
(65.3)
39.8
(103.6)
Average high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
5.2
(41.4)
10.1
(50.2)
15.2
(59.4)
20.5
(68.9)
24.1
(75.4)
27.1
(80.8)
27.4
(81.3)
22.8
(73)
17.1
(62.8)
10.7
(51.3)
4.8
(40.6)
15.7
(60.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.0
(39.2)
9.1
(48.4)
14.0
(57.2)
18.1
(64.6)
20.2
(68.4)
20.0
(68)
15.6
(60.1)
10.8
(51.4)
5.0
(41)
−0.5
(31.1)
9.6
(49.3)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−4.8
(23.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.1
(37.6)
6.8
(44.2)
10.6
(51.1)
12.1
(53.8)
11.7
(53.1)
7.8
(46)
4.1
(39.4)
0.3
(32.5)
−4.1
(24.6)
3.4
(38.1)
Record low °C (°F) −38.3
(−36.9)
−31.4
(−24.5)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−9.2
(15.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−1
(30)
−0.8
(30.6)
0.4
(32.7)
−7
(19)
−10
(14)
−20
(−4)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−38.3
(−36.9)
Rainfall mm (inches) 41
(1.61)
38
(1.5)
37
(1.46)
50
(1.97)
73
(2.87)
84
(3.31)
55
(2.17)
43
(1.69)
43
(1.69)
51
(2.01)
51
(2.01)
47
(1.85)
613
(24.13)
Source: Stringmeteo.com4

Honour

Tran Crag on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Tran.

Notes

  1. ^ Source: Official population table as of 12 July 2006.
  2. ^ Чолева-Димитрова, Анна М. (2002). Селищни имена от Югозападна България: Изследване. Речник (in Bulgarian). София: Пенсофт. pp. 174–175. ISBN 954-642-168-5. OCLC 57603720. 
  3. ^ Grlović, Milan (1877). Hrvatski svjetozor, Томови 1-2 (in Serbo - Croatian). p. 403. Retrieved 31 March 2012. "Istog vilajeta sandžaka niškog kotare: Pirot, Vranja i Trn sa 170.594 stanovnika (133.748 nemuham. i 36.846 muhamed.)" 
  4. ^ [1], Stringmeteo.com Retrieved March 20, 2012.

See also


Coordinates: 42°50′N 22°39′E / 42.833°N 22.650°E / 42.833; 22.650









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