|This article relies on references to primary sources. (August 2008)|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2008)|
|Scottish Gaelic: An Truthail / An t-Sròn1|
|Scots: The Truin2|
Troon shown within South Ayrshire
|Population||14,766 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Council area||South Ayrshire|
|Lieutenancy area||Ayrshire and Arran|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Central Ayrshire|
Troon is a town in South Ayrshire. It is situated on the west coast of Scotland, about eight miles north of Ayr and three miles northwest of Glasgow Prestwick International Airport. Lying across the Firth of Clyde, the Isle of Arran can be seen. Troon is also a port with freight and ferry services — the P&O Express to Larne and a yacht marina. In May 2006, a ferry service to Campbeltown was added, although this was withdrawn the following year.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Extension of Troon
- 4 SeaCat service
- 5 Notable residents
- 6 Fullarton House
- 7 Crosbie church and cemetery
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
The name Troon is likely from a Brythonic or Pictish name cognate with Welsh trwyn ("nose, cape"). When Scottish Gaelic became the main language, it is possible that the Gaelic form An t-Sròn ("the nose") pronounced [ənˠ̪ t̪ʰɾɔːn] was used for the name Troon. Since the words sròn and trwyn are cognate, it could have been easily adapted from one language to the other.1 This is similar to the Gaelic name of Stranraer (An t-Sròn Reamhar, the fat nose), which lies further south on the coast.4 However, it is not certain if An t-Sròn was the Gaelic name, as its usage cannot be traced back any further than Johnston’s Place-names of Scotland (1932). It is more likely that a gaelicized respelling, such as An Trùn, was used.1
The Duke of Portland took the existing natural harbour on the north side of the headland and added docks. Later improvements included increasing the protection afforded by the headland with an artificial "ballast bank" made from the dumped ballast of incoming merchant ships. And from 1812 Troon was the terminus of a horse-drawn railway connecting it to the Duke's coal mines around Kilmarnock. This was not licensed for passengers, a minor technicality evaded by weighing those wishing to travel and charging them freight rates.
Troon Harbour played a notable part in the development of the town for many years. It was home to the Ailsa Shipbuilding Company, which constructed many vessels for worldwide customers but mainly small passenger and various merchant vessels. The fishing fleet from Ayr moved to Troon Harbour and a revitalisation of the abandoned section of the harbour started. An approach road was constructed to connect to a P&O terminal which operates a service to Ireland. The Seacat high speed ferry service briefly operated from Troon Harbour but has now ended.
Troon Harbour is now a fishing port, yachting marina, seasonal passenger ferry port and Ro-Ro ferry terminal for timber and containers. The shipbuilding industry at Troon Harbour ended in 2000.5
The town is served by Troon railway station. Troon (old) railway station was one of the first passenger stations in Scotland as part of the Kilmarnock and Troon Railway. A line had been there previously used by the Duke of Portland for the transport of coal from the collieries in East Ayrshire but was upgraded to run Steam locomotives. Troon has its own secondary school, Marr College.
Troon is also the birthplace of C.K. Marr, who left a considerable fortune upon death to the people of Troon which was used to construct the towns only secondary school Marr College.6
Troon also hosts an annual music Festival held in the autumn known as Live@Troon. Details of what's on and when can be found at www.liveattroon.com. The event is run by a charitable trust for the promotion of the town and local musical talent.
The artist's impression and the theoretical master plan for Troon that the Duke of Portland had drawn up was almost on as grand a scale, relative to its size, as that of Edinburgh's New Town. Certainly, the broad streets with a grid network and ample space for civic amenities created for a thriving community built around the industry of the harbour. Troon's prosperity allowed this confident plan to be proposed. The drawing shows two spires, the taller spire was of that proposed by Troon Parish Church. Although the new building was erected in 1895 the spire was never completed. To the right a smaller spire indicates Portland Street United Free Church, which sat behind where WH Smith is today. The first railway in Scotland (Troon to Kilmarnock 1811) is clearly showing in the background. It was the Glasgow and South Western Railway in 1892 who altered this plan by building a loop to bring passengers closer to the beach and town. The park sadly never came to pass but public spaces on the promenade, (where the bandstand was built), The Ballast Bank and Fullarton ground allow residents and visitors much scope for leisure. The industrial units to the right of the harbour line towards Barassie were the Gas Works and Slaughter House.
SeaCat were most notable for opening Troon as a passenger harbour back in 1999. They were followed by P&O Irish Sea in 2003. SeaCat closed the following year in 2004. As P&O operate a catamaran as their passenger ship, the term 'SeaCat' is often used to refer to the P&O service.
The former SeaCat terminal is still fenced off and is currently used as log storage.
- Colin Montgomerie, Golfer 7
- Gordon Brown, Rugby Player 8
- Andrew Cotter, BBC Sports Broadcastercitation needed
- Jamie Ness, Footballer
- Alan Hutton, Footballercitation needed
- Richard McTaggart, Boxercitation needed
- Ronni Ancona, Actress 9
- Steve Nicol, Footballer
- Susannah York, Actor 10
- Duncan Lunan, Writer
- George Hunter, Footballer
- Neill Collins, Footballer
- Brian Whittle, Athlete 11
Fullarton House was built by William Fullarton of that ilk in 1745 and altered by his son, however it was demolished in 1966 by the council who had been unable to maintain the building after purchasing it in 1928.
The entrance route had been changed by the Duke of Portland and the house design altered so that the back became the front, with grand views opened up of the Isle of Arran and Firth of Clyde.12 After centuries of occupation the Fullarton lines possession had thus come to an end when the Duke of Portland purchased the property in 1805. He lived here for a while as his principal residence in Scotland, however he had a greater interest in developing Troon harbour and the Kilmarnock and Troon Railway.
The grounds are now a park with some signs of the old house still apparent, such as the magnificent stable block, the ornamental pediments, walled gardens, doocot and an ice house.13 Reed Loch was located near Lochgreen House and was used latterly as a curling pond.
The name is thought to come from the office of 'Fowler to the King', the purpose of which was to supply wild-fowl to the King as required. The dwelling which came with the post was called Fowlertoun and the family may have eventually adopted the name. The Fullarton's of Angus had been required by Robert I to supply him with wild-fowl at his castle of Forfar.12
Alanus de Fowlertoun was in possession of the lands shortly before his death in 1280 and the family continued in a nearly unbroken line from father to son. William Fullarton, the builder of the house, inherited the estate from his grandfather in 1710, he having inherited it from his brother in turn. Colonel Fullarton died in 1808, the last Fullarton of that Ilk laird.12 He wrote in 1793 the seminal A General View of the Agriculture in the County of Ayr and was one of the few on record to praise Robert Burns's skills as a farmer, commenting favourably on a method of dishorning cattle which the poet had demonstrated. Burns is said to have visited Fullarton.14
The Robert Adam designed Fullarton stables.
Robert II granted the old Crosbie estate to the Fullartons in 1344 and by the 18th century the old castle was partly demolished and converted into an ice house for Fullarton House, with a doocot nearby.13 In 1969 more of the ice house was demolished to make it safe. The building had been known as Crosby Place and later became Fullarton House, not long before the new building of the same name replaced it.12
Over the centuries the castle was rebuilt three times, in the same typical square design as seen at Dundonald Castle. The remains today mainly represent the Castle's dungeon. Many of Crosbie Castle's stones were used in the construction of the first Fullarton House. The dungeon, had an underground stream, making it the ideal cold storage cellar or ice house.15
First recorded in 1229, the present structure dates from 1691. Tradition claims that the roof blew off on the day in 1759 that Robert Burns was born and it was left to become a ruin. One of the graves is that off David Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, son of, James, alleged assassin of the Regent Moray, bastard son of James V. This event occurred in 1570 and David died in 1619. David Fullarton of that Ilk had married David's sister.13
Constructed on the site of the original chapel, the name comes from the Anglo-Saxon word 'Crossbye', signifying the dwelling of the cross; a fairly common placename. The cemetery dates from circa 1240 and was held in secular times by Fullarton of Crosbie in the 14th century after being passed on from relatives. Records indicate that this ground was used by a holy order before the Fullartons arrived in the area.15 The chapelry of Crosbie, together with that of Richardstoun (Riccartoun) were attached to Dundonald and were granted by the second Walter Stewart to the short lived Gilbertine Convent which he had founded at Dalmulin in 1238. The convent was dis-established in 1238 and the chapel passed to the monks of Paisley Abbey.16
The cemetery was the burial ground for Troon until 1862 and family lairs were still in use until after the First World War. One the other side of the road, the remains of the church manse can still be seen (2009). The 'Wrack Road' was the Fullarton Estate estate road used by tenants who took their carts down to the shore to collect seaweed or wrack as fertilizer and it was the main road from Troon for funerals going to Crosbie.15
Janet McFadzean was buried in Crosbie cemetery in 1761 and the front of her tombstone reads: Here lyes the corps of Janet McFadzean, Spous of William McFadzean, Quarter-Master Sergean in Lovetenan General Homs Regiment of Sol., who died August 22, 1761, aged 27 years.
The reverse side reads:
Twenty-four years i lived a maiden life,
An epistle by John Laing suggests that Crosbie Kirk is haunted:
But sir, sin' I maun let you know
An' comin' hame, the truth to tell,
Deed Sir, I've often heard it tell,
- Colin Montgomerie - golfer
- Gordon Brown (rugby player) - the legendary "Broon frae Troon"
- James Logan (footballer) - footballer
- Laigh Milton viaduct - the Kilmarnock and Troon railway or tramway.
- Mike Russell- MSP
- Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland
- Scots Language Centre: Scottish Place Names in Scots
- General Register Office for Scotland
- I.M. McIntosh, Old Troon, 1969
- Visit Ayrshire and Arran: Troon Harbour and Marina
- Marr Educational Resources Centre
- Lewine Mair (13 July 2004). "Scene set for Montgomerie". The Telegraph. Retrieved 26 September 2013. "They have known Montgomerie at Troon since those days when he would play on the children's course next to Troon Portland and within earshot of its lady members. Though the family moved south when Montgomerie was eight, they returned when James Montgomerie became the secretary at Royal Troon and Colin was in his early twenties."
- Brendan Gallagher (19 Mar 2001). "Game mourns passing of `Broon from Troon'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 26 September 2013. "Born in Troon on Nov 1 1947, Brown was quickly dubbed `Broon from Troon' once his rugby career got underway."
- Jasper Rees (16 Nov 2005). "The Telegraph". Don't get the wrong impression about her. Retrieved 27 September 2013. "Born in 1968, Ancona grew up in Troon."
- "The Telegraph". Susannah York. 16 Jan 2001. Retrieved 27 September 2013. "Susannah attended Marr College in Troon"
- Joan McFadden (14 Jul 2009). "Legendary athlete Brian Whittle happy to help daughter follow his example". Daily Record. Retrieved 26 September 2013. "Growing up in Troon, Brian had the opportunity to try a wide range of sports, all of which he loved."
- Millar, page 80
- Love (2003), page 225
- Dougall, page 230.
- Troon History
- Paterson, page 422
- Blair, Anna (1983). Tales of Ayrshire. London : Shepeard - Walwyn. ISBN 0-85683-068-2.
- Dougall, Charles S. (1911). The Burns Country. London: A & C Black.
- Love, Dane (2003), Ayrshire: Discovering a County. Ayr: Fort Publishing. ISBN. 0-9544461-1-9.
- Millar, A. H. (1885). The Castles and Mansions of Ayrshire. Glasgow : Grimsay Press. ISBN 1-84530-019-X.
- Paterson, James (1863–66). History of the Counties of Ayr and Wigton. V. - II - Kyle. Edinburgh: J. Stillie.
- McPherson, I (2000) Old Troon
- Wylie, Stewart C. and Wilson, James (1991) Troon in Old Picture Postcards
- MacIntosh, I.M. (1969) Old Troon
- Troon travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Photo Tour of Troon
- About Troon
- South Ayrshire Council
- Pictures of Troon Harbour