Tumacácori National Historical Park
|Tumacácori National Historical Park|
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Mission San José de Tumacácori
|Location||Santa Cruz County, Arizona, USA|
|Nearest city||Nogales, Arizona|
|Area||360 acres (146 ha)2|
|Established||August 6, 1990|
|Visitors||33,740 (in 2011)3|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
Tumacácori National Historical Park is located in the upper Santa Cruz River Valley of southern Arizona. The park protects the ruins of three Spanish mission communities, two of which are National Historic Landmark sites, and it also contains the Tumacácori Museum, a historic landmark building built in 1937 that is also a National Historic Landmark. The park consists of 360 acres (1.5 km2) in three separate units.4
The Spanish Colonial architecture Franciscan church at San José de Tumacácori dates to the late 18th century. The earlier Jesuit missions that were established at Tumacácori and Guevavi in 1691 are the two oldest missions in southern Arizona.
The third unit, San Cayetano de Calabazas, was established in 1756. The Guevavi and Calabazas units are not open to the general public and can only be visited on reserved tours led by park staff. The main unit of the park, the Tumacácori Mission, has a visitor center and museum and is open to the public every day except Christmas and Thanksgiving.
The site was originally proclaimed Tumacácori National Monument on September 15, 1908,5 and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. On August 6, 1990, it was redesignated a National Historical Park and the Guevavi and Calabazas units were added to the park.
The Tumacácori Mission was established in 1691 by Father Eusebio Francisco Kino. It was established one day before the Guevavi Mission, making it the oldest Jesuit mission site in southern Arizona. The mission was originally called San Cayetano de Tumacácori. It was established at an existing native O'odham or Sobaipuri settlement on the east side of the river.
After the Pima rebellion of 1751, the mission was moved to the present site on the west side of the Santa Cruz river and renamed San José de Tumacácori. By 1848, the mission was abandoned and began falling into severe disrepair. Preservation and stabilization efforts began in 1908 when the area was declared a National Monument by President Theodore Roosevelt and continue today.
|Location||Tumacácori National Monument, Tumacacori, Arizona|
|Architect||Scofield DeLong, et al|
|Architectural style||Mission Revival style architecture, with Spanish Colonial Revival|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|NRHP Reference #||87001437|
|Added to NRHP||May 28, 19876|
|Designated NHL||May 28, 19877|
Tumacácori Museum was built in 1937 within what was then Tumacácori National Monument and is now Tumacácori National Historical Park. Designed by Scofield Delong, it contains interpretative displays relating to three historic missions preserved within the park,8 and includes artwork created by artist Herbert A. Collins.9
- "Tumacacori National Historical Park". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
- "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2010". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
- "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Tumacácori National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-08-21.
- "Tumacácori: Park Profile 2008". National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
- "Tumacacori Museum". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Tumacácori Museum". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service.
- "Tumacacori Museum". National Park Service.
- "Tumacácori Dioramas". National Park Service. Archived from the original on June 19, 2005.
- Laura Soullière Harrison (1986). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Tumacacori Museum". National Park Service.
- "Accompanying 35 photos by Laura Soullière Harrison, exterior and interior, from 1985". National Park Service.
- ""Architecture in the Parks: A National Historic Landmark Theme Study: Tumacacori Museum", by Laura Soullière Harrison". National Historic Landmark Theme Study. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-26.
- "Tumacácori National Historical Park". National Park Service.
- "San Antonio de Oquitoa Mission". Mission Churches of the Sonoran Desert. University of Arizona.
- "San Jose de Tumacacori (Mission, Ruins), Tubac vicinity, Santa Cruz, AZ". Historic American Buildings Survey.
- "Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail". National Park Service.