|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
|Commenced operations||1 April 1949|
|Hubs||Tunis-Carthage International Airport|
|Airport lounge||Espace Previlige|
|Key people||Rabah Jerad (CEO)|
Société Tunisienne de l'Air, or Tunisair (Arabic: الخطوط التونسية) is the flag carrier airline of Tunisia.1 Formed in 1948, it operates scheduled international services to European, African and Middle Eastern destinations. Its main base is Tunis-Carthage International Airport. The airline's head office is in Tunis, near Tunis Airport.2 Tunisair is a member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization.
The carrier was formed by the government of Tunisia as Société Tunisienne de l'Air in late 1948. The initial investment was FRF 60 million, with shareholding split between the government (35%), Air France (35%) and another interests (30%).3 Air France transferred some of its DC-3s and routes (which included Tunis–Bone–Algiers, Tunis–Ajaccio–Nice, Tunis–Bastia–Nice, Tunis–Rome and a cargo flight between Tunis and Marseilles)4 to the new airline for it to start operations;3 these commenced on 1 April 1949 .5 The first managing director of the company was Rene Lefevre.6
The route network was expanded along the coast during the early 1950s. In 1951, Casablanca, Ghudamis and Tripoli were incorporated as destinations. In May that year, a Tunis–Tripoli–Sabhah service was launched; it was routed via Sfax and Djerba in September. The Ghudamis route was terminated in 1952, and the Casablanca run was taken over by Air France the same year. In 1953, the service to Marseilles was extended to Paris. In 1954, a Douglas DC-4 was leased from Air France an deployed on the route to Paris.6 At March 1955 , the fleet comprised three DC-3s, one DC-4 and one Languedoc.7 During 1955, the carrier transported 92,344 passengers. At year end, the number of employees was 140. The airline had a revenue of £620,000 for 1955, and costs totalled to £550,000.8 In 1957 the Tunisian government became the largest shareholder (51%) and the stake held by Air France was reduced to 15%.6
The carrier took delivery of its first jet-powered aircraft, a Sud Caravelle III, on 31 August 1961. A new service to Frankfurt was inaugurated in October but it was terminated in March the following year due to poor economical performance. A second Caravelle was ordered in 1963 and entered service in March 1964 . In cooperation with Lufthansa, flights to Frankfurt were restarted in April 1966 using Caravelle equipment.6 The Nord 262 was first put into service in 1969.9 The entrance of this aircraft into the fleet along with the airline already having two Caravelles in operation allowed the carrier to phase out a DC-3 and two DC-4s.10
The number of employees had grown to 888 by March 1970Cessna 402s, one DC-3 and one Nord 262, worked on domestic services and international routes to Algeria, Belgium, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Libya, Morocco and Switzerland.11 Tunis Air took delivery of its first Boeing aircraft, a Boeing 727-200, on 12 March 1972;12 it was put on service on the Tunis–Paris run.13 On 1 April 1972 , a Boeing 707 that was leased from Sabena was inaugurated the Tunis–London link.14 The same day, new services to Luxembourg and Jeddah were launched.15 Late in the year, a second Boeing 727 was ordered, for delivery in July 1973 .13 In 1973, a third Boeing 727 was ordered for handover in December that year.16 A fourth aircraft of the type was ordered in 19741718 and a fifth in 1975 for delivery in November.1920 The gradual incorporation of the Boeing 727s permitted Tunisair to replace the Caravelles and to retire the remaining DC-3s.10. At this time, the aircraft park, consisting of four Caravelles, two
Flights to Amman and Beirut were launched in 1999.21 At April 2000 the airline had 7259 employees. At this time the fleet comprised one Airbus A300B4-200, two Airbus A319-100s, ten Airbus A320-200s, four Boeing 727-200 Advanced, three Boeing 737-200 Advanced, four Boeing 737-500s and three Boeing 737-600s that served the following destinations: Abu Dhabi, Algiers, Amman, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Beirut, Berlin, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Bratislava, Brussels, Budapest, Cairo, Casablanca, Copenhagen, Dakar, Damascus, Djerba, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Gafsa, Geneva, Graz, Hamburg, Istanbul, Jeddah, Lille, Linz, Lisbon, London, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Malta, Marseille, Milan, Monastir, Munich, Nice, Nouakchott, Palermo, Paris, Prague, Rome, Salzburg, Sfax, Stockholm, Strasbourg, Tabarka, Toulouse, Tozeur, Tunis, Vienna, Warsaw and Zurich.5
Tunisair's head office is located on Route X near Tunis-Carthage Airport in Tunis.23 When the company first started in 1948, its head office was at 1 Rue d'Athènes in Tunis. In August 1972 the airline moved to 113 Avenue de la Liberté to accommodate the employees of Tunisair's main departments. In November 1991 the airline moved to its current head office.
Tunisair became the first A319 customer in both the Arab World and Africa when it ordered three aircraft of the type in October 1997 , along with four A320s.24 Following this order, the same year the carrier acquired four Boeing 737-600s.25 The aircraft included in both orders were aimed at replacing the ageing Boeing 727s and 737s in the airline's fleet.26 The company took delivery of its first A319 in August 1998 .27
Two ex-Emirates, General Electric CF6-powered Airbus A300-600R were purchased in 2000.28 An extended range A319 was ordered in 2006.29 In July 2008 , Tunisair ordered three Airbus A350-800s, along with three Airbus A330s and ten Airbus A320s. The order was partially amended in mid-2013, when the airline removed the A350-800s from it.1
|Airbus A300-600||3||—||28||235||263||Last Flight: 31 January 201431|
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (7 June 2013). "Tunisair appears to cancel A350-800 order". Flightglobal (Toulouse). Archived from the original on 30 December 2013.
- "Tunisair Tunis." Tunisair. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "Head Office Agency Tunisair BD du 7 Novembre 1987 2035 Tunis Carthage"
- Guttery 1998, p. 210.
- Guttery 1998, p. 210–211.
- "World airline directory – Tunisair". Flight International 157 (4722): 109. 4 April 2000 – 10 April 2000. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 14 July 2012.
- Guttery 1998, p. 211.
- "World airline directory – Tunis Air". Flight 67 (2407): 308. 1 March 1955. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014.
- "World airline directory – Tunis Air, Société Tunisienne de l'Air". Flight 71 (2519): 615. 3 May 1957. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014.
- "Air transport". Flight International 96 (3165): 695. 6 November 1969. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. "Most recent of the Nord 262s to enter service is that of Tunis Air."
- Guttery 1998, p. 212.
- "World airlines 1970 – Tunis Air (Société Tunisienne de l'Air)". Flight International 3185 (97): 507. 26 March 1970. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014.
- "Air transport". Flight International 101 (3289): 401. 23 March 1972. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. "Tunis Air took delivery of a 727-200 on March 12—the airline's first Boeing."
- "World news". Flight International 102 (311): 262. 24 June 1972. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. "A second Boeing 727-200 has been ordered by Tunis Air for delivery in July 1973. The airline's first 727 went into service on the Tunis-Paris route last March."
- "Air transport". Flight International 103 (3344): 572. 12 April 1973. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. "The Tunis Air 707—leased from Sabena—which inaugurated a once weekly Tunis-London service on April 1."
- "World airlines – Tunis Air (Société Tunisienne de l'Air)". Flight International 101 (3296): 48. 18 May 1972. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014.
- "Air transport – Boeing: 18 more orders". Flight International 3353 (103): 914. 14 June 1973. Archived from the original on 30 August 2013.
- "Air transport". Flight International 106 (3422): 516. 17 October 1974. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. "Tunis Air has ordered a fourth Advanced 727-200 for delivery in December."
- "Air transport". Flight International 105 (3400): 589. 9 May 1974. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. "Tunis Air has purchased an Advanced 727-200 to add to its existing fleet of three. Delivery will be in December this year."
- "Airliner market". Flight International 107 (3452): 725. 8 May 1975. Archived from the original on 24 January 2014. "Tunis Air has purchased its fifth 727-200 for handover in November."
- "Airliner market". Flight International 108 (3445): 442. 20 March 1975. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. "Tunis Air has ordered a fifth Boeing 727-200."
- "A tough task in Tunisia". Flightglobal. 1 May 2000. Archived 14 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Le sponsoring entre Tunisair et la FTHB prolongé de deux ans !". African Manager (in French). 31 January 2014. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014.
- "Tunis." Tunisair. Retrieved on 16 March 2010.
- "Tunisair is first Arab customer for A319". Flightglobal. 22 October 1997. Archived 14 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Tunisair Selects Next-Generation 737s for Fleet Expansion" (Press release). Boeing. 28 October 1997. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014.
- "Tunisair follows Airbus order with 737-600s". Flightglobal. 5 November 1997. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014.
- "Marketplace". Flightglobal. 9 September 1998. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. "Tunisair took delivery of its first of three CFM International CFM56-powered Airbus A319s during August."
- "Marketplace". Flightglobal. 11 April 2000. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. "Tunisair has purchased two ex-Emirates Airbus A300-600Rs that had been traded back to the manufacturer. One of the two General Electric CF6-powered aircraft has been delivered, the second is due later this year."
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (5 July 2006). "Tunisair to increase range of Airbus A319 fleet". Flightglobal (London). Archived from the original on 9 February 2014.
- "Our Fleet". Tunisair. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014.
- "Tunisair Plans Last Airbus A300 Service in late-January 2014". Airline Route. 15 January 2014.
- Guttery, Ben R. (1998). Encyclopedia of African Airlines. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 0-7864-0495-7.
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