Ulsan

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Ulsan
울산시
Metropolitan City
Ulsan Metropolitan City
  transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Ulsan gwang-yeoksi
 • McCune-Reischauer Ulsan gwangyŏksi
From top left: Cityscape of Ulsan, Downtown Ulsan, Iaan Exodium towers, a beach at Ulsan, & Ulsan Station
From top left: Cityscape of Ulsan, Downtown Ulsan, Iaan Exodium towers, a beach at Ulsan, & Ulsan Station
Flag of Ulsan
Flag
Official logo of Ulsan
Emblem of Ulsan
Map of South Korea with Ulsan highlighted
Map of South Korea with Ulsan highlighted
Country  South Korea
Region Yeongnam
Districts 5 (including 1 county)
Government
 • Mayor Bak Maeng-woo
(박맹우)
Area
 • Total 1,057.136 km2 (408.162 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,145,096
 • Rank 7th Korea
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Dialect Gyeongsang
Flower Pear flower
Tree Ginkgo
Bird White heron
Website ulsan.go.kr

Ulsan (Korean pronunciation: [ulsʰan]), officially the Ulsan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's seventh largest metropolis with a population of over 1.1 million.1 It is located in the south-east of the country, neighboring Busan to the south and facing Gyeongju to the north.

Ulsan is the industrial powerhouse of South Korea, forming the heart of the Ulsan Industrial District, which is home to the world's largest automobile assembly plant operated by the Hyundai Motor Company,2 the world's largest shipyard operated by Hyundai Heavy Industries3 and the world's third largest oil refinery, owned by SK Energy.4 In 2008, Ulsan had a GDP per capita of $63,817, the highest by far in South Korea.5

Administrative divisions

Ulsan is divided into 4 gu (districts) and 1 gun (county).

Map Name Hangul Hanja
Gu (Districts)
Buk District 북구
Dong District 동구
Jung District 중구
Nam District 남구
Gun (County)
Ulju County 울주군


Economy

As the center of the Ulsan Industrial District, the city is the corporate base of the multinational Hyundai conglomerate. Up to 1962, Ulsan operated as a fishing port and market centre. As part of South Korea's first five-year economic plan, Ulsan became an open port. Additionally, major industrial plants and factories were developed, including in particular an oil refinery, fertiliser plants, automobile production and heavy industries. The shipbuilding port Bangeojin became part of the city in 1962.

Ulsan is currently the home of the world's largest automobile assembly plant operated by Hyundai Motor,2 the world's largest shipyard, operated by Hyundai Heavy Industries3 and the world's largestcitation needed oil refinery owned by SK Energy.4

Transportation

The city transport department plans to build a light-rail line and the public transportation system is as good as any other major Korean city. The bus system shows a particular ETA at most bus stops.6 Ulsan Airport, constructed in 1970 and expanded in 1997, has more than 20 flights per day to and from Seoul's Gimpo International Airport and 4 flights per week to and from Jeju International Airport. In November 2010, Korea's high speed train network, the KTX, was extended to Ulsan.7 This provides a high speed link to Seoul, with a running time of just over 2 hours. The new KTX station (Ulsan Station) is in nearby Eonyang, with a series of express buses (5001-5004) as well as some city buses serving the new station.8 The original city station has been renamed Taehwa River Station.7

Sport

The city hosts the K-League football club Ulsan Hyundai FC, who, after the 2002 FIFA World Cup, relocated from their former stadium in Jung-gu, which is now a municipal ground, to the Munsu Stadium, which hosted several matches during the 2002 World Cup. Ulsan is home to another football team, Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard, which plays in the Korea National League. It is also home to the University of Ulsan.

Geography

Ulsan is bounded on the east by the Sea of Japan (East Sea). It is not far from Busan, at only 70 km to the south.

Climate

Ulsan has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa/Cwa), with somewhat cold but dry winters, and hot, humid summers. Monthly means range from 2.0 °C (35.6 °F) in January to 25.9 °C (78.6 °F) in August, with diurnal temperature ranges generally low. Its location on the Korean peninsula results in a seasonal lag, with the warmest days being in August and averaging very near 30 °C (86 °F). Precipitation is relatively low in the winter months, but is made up by the high rainfall falling from April to September.

Climate data for Ulsan (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
9.2
(48.6)
13.2
(55.8)
19.2
(66.6)
23.4
(74.1)
26.0
(78.8)
28.9
(84)
30.0
(86)
25.9
(78.6)
21.9
(71.4)
15.8
(60.4)
9.9
(49.8)
19.2
(66.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
3.9
(39)
7.9
(46.2)
13.5
(56.3)
17.9
(64.2)
21.4
(70.5)
25.0
(77)
25.9
(78.6)
21.5
(70.7)
16.2
(61.2)
9.9
(49.8)
4.3
(39.7)
14.1
(57.4)
Average low °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
3.2
(37.8)
8.2
(46.8)
12.8
(55)
17.3
(63.1)
21.8
(71.2)
22.7
(72.9)
17.9
(64.2)
11.5
(52.7)
5.1
(41.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
9.8
(49.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 34.3
(1.35)
42.6
(1.677)
65.8
(2.591)
91.1
(3.587)
108.1
(4.256)
176.8
(6.961)
232.3
(9.146)
240.3
(9.461)
168.2
(6.622)
53.5
(2.106)
41.1
(1.618)
23.0
(0.906)
1,277.1
(50.28)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.3 6.3 8.1 8.4 9.2 10.0 13.5 12.1 10.3 5.7 5.1 3.9 97.9
 % humidity 49.6 51.9 57.6 60.3 66.1 73.3 78.9 77.7 75.7 67.2 59.9 52.4 64.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 190.7 176.4 187.5 207.2 215.4 172.7 151.5 167.3 150.0 193.7 182.0 194.6 2,188.8
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration9

Sister cities

10

City Region Country Year
Hagi Yamaguchi Prefecture  Japan 1968
Hualien Hualien County  Taiwan 1981
Portland Oregon  United States 1987
Changchun Jilin  China 1994
Kocaeli Province  Turkey 2002
Santos São Paulo  Brazil 2002
Khánh Hòa Province  Vietnam 2002
Tomsk Tomsk Oblast  Russia 2003
Wuxi Jiangsu  China 2006

^1 Kumamoto City has a friendship agreement with Ulsan

See also

References

  1. ^ "SOUTH KOREA: Cities (registered population)". Citypopulation. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b (Korean) 연합뉴스 : 바른언론 빠른뉴스. Yonhapnews.co.kr (2009-10-16). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  3. ^ a b 천혜 절경 바닷가가 세계 최대 조선소로 변모 - 오마이뉴스. Ohmynews.com (2013-01-18). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  4. ^ a b http://pda.ulsan.go.kr/Common/Detail.neo?id=U0010711
  5. ^ See List of South Korean regions by GDP.
  6. ^ "Welcome to Ulsan Metropolitan City - News and Notice". Ulsan City Council. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  7. ^ a b Ulsan-Seoul high-speed train service to start in November. Koreatimes.co.kr (2010-10-05). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  8. ^ [1]dead link
  9. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 울산(152)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  10. ^ Sister Cities

External links

Coordinates: 35°33′N 129°19′E / 35.550°N 129.317°E / 35.550; 129.317








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