United Provinces of Central Italy

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United Provinces of Central Italy
Province Unite del Centroitalia
Client state of the Kingdom of Sardinia

 

 

 

1859–1860


Flag

The United Provinces of Central Italy (green).
Capital Not specified
Languages Italian
Political structure Client state
Governor General Carlo Boncompagni
History
 -  Revolution December 8, 1859
 -  Annexation March 22, 1860

The United Provinces of Central Italy, also known as Union of Central Italy, Confederation of Central Italy or Government General of Central Italy, was a short-lived client state of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. It was formed by a union of the former Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Duchy of Parma, Duchy of Modena, and the Papal Legations, after their monarchs were ousted by popular revolutions.

Since August 1859, the pro-Sardinian regimes of Tuscany, Parma, Modena and the Papal Legations entered into a group of military treaties. On 7 November 1859, they elected Eugenio Emanuele di Savoia-Carignano as their regent. However, King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia refused to endorse the election, and sent Carlo Bon Compagni instead as the Governor General of Central Italy, who was responsible for the diplomatic and military affairs of the states.

On 8 December 1859, Parma, Modena and the Papal Legations were incorporated into the Royal Provinces of Emilia. After plebiscites were held in March 1860, the state was formally annexed to the Piedmont-Sardinia.

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