University of Alberta
|University of Alberta|
|Motto||Quaecumque vera (Latin)|
|Motto in English||Whatsoever things are true|
|Chancellor||Ralph B. Young2|
|Provost||Martin Ferguson-Pell (acting)|
|Location||Edmonton, Alberta, Canada|
|Colours||Green and gold5
|Nickname||The Golden Bears (men), The Pandas (women)|
|Mascot||GUBA (men), Patches (women)|
The University of Alberta (also known as U of A and UAlberta) is a public research university located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. It was founded in 1908 by Alexander Cameron Rutherford,6 the first premier of Alberta, and Henry Marshall Tory (McGill University alumni),7 its first president. Its enabling legislation is the Post-secondary Learning Act.8
The university comprises four campuses in Edmonton, the Augustana Campus in Camrose, and a staff centre in downtown Calgary. The original north campus consists of 150 buildings covering 50 city blocks on the south rim of the North Saskatchewan River valley, directly across from downtown Edmonton. More than 39,000 students from across Canada and 152 other countries participate in nearly 400 programs in 18 faculties.
The University of Alberta is a major economic driver in Alberta. The university’s impact on the Alberta economy is an estimated $12.3 billion annually, or five per cent of the province’s gross domestic product.9 With more than 15,000 employees, the university is Alberta's fourth-largest employer.10
The University of Alberta has been recognized by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the QS World University Rankings and the Times Higher Education World University Rankings as one of the top five universities in Canada and one of the top 100 universities worldwide. It has graduated nearly 250,000 alumni, including Governor General Roland Michener, Prime Minister Joe Clark, Chief Justice of Canada Beverley McLachlin, Premier of Alberta Peter Lougheed and Nobel laureate Richard E. Taylor.
The U of A is a member of the Alberta Rural Development Network, the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education and the Sustainability Tracking, Assessment & Rating System.
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Research
- 4 Reputation
- 5 Campuses
- 6 Recent developments and investment in health and science
- 7 Student life
- 8 Athletics
- 9 Distinguished people
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 Further reading
- 13 External links
The University of Alberta, a single, public provincial university, was chartered in 1906 in Edmonton, Alberta with the University Act11 in the first session of the new Legislative Assembly, with Premier Alexander C. Rutherford as its sponsor. The university was modelled on the American state university, with an emphasis on extension work and applied research.12 The governance was modelled on Ontario's University of Toronto Act of 1906: a bicameral system consisting of a senate (faculty) responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) controlling financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and perform institutional leadership.12
Heated wrangling took place between the cities of Calgary and Edmonton over the location of the provincial capital and of the university. It was stated that the capital would be north of the North Saskatchewan River and that the university would be in a city south of it.6 The city of Edmonton became the capital and the then-separate city of Strathcona on the south bank of the river, where Premier Alexander Rutherford lived, was granted the university. When the two cities were amalgamated in 1912, Edmonton became both the political and academic capital.
With Henry Marshall Tory as its first president, the University of Alberta started operation in 1908. Forty-five students attended classes in English, mathematics and modern languages, on the top floor of the Queen Alexandra Elementary School in Strathcona, while the first campus building, Athabasca Hall, was under construction.13 In a letter to Alexander Cameron Rutherford in early 1906, while he was in the process of setting up McGill University College in Vancouver, Tory wrote, "If you take any steps in the direction of a working University and wish to avoid the mistakes of the past, mistakes which have fearfully handicapped other institutions, you should start on a teaching basis."14
Under Tory's guidance, the university's early years were marked by recruitment of professors and construction of the first campus buildings.15 Percy Erskine Nobbs & Frank Darling designed the master plan for the University of Alberta in 1909–10. Nobbs designed the Arts Building (1914–15), laboratories and Power House (1914). With Cecil S. Burgess, Nobbs designed the Provincial College of Medicine (1920–21).16 Architect Herbert Alton Magoon designed several buildings on campus, including St. Stephen's Methodist College (1910) and the residence for professor Rupert C. Lodge (1913).17
The University of Alberta awarded its first degrees in 1912,13 the same year it established the Department of Extension. The Faculty of Medicine was established the following year,18 and the Faculty of Agriculture began in 1915. But along with these early milestones came the First World War and the global influenza pandemic of 1918, whose toll on the university resulted in a two-month suspension of classes in the fall of 1918.13 Despite these setbacks, the university continued to grow. By 1920, it had six faculties (Arts and Sciences, Applied Science, Agriculture, Medicine, Dentistry, and Law) and two schools (Pharmacy and Accountancy). It awarded a range of degrees: Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (BSA), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), Bachelor of Pharmacy (PhmB), Bachelor of Divinity (BD), Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MSc), and Doctor of Laws (LLD). There were 851 male students and 251 female students, and 171 academic staff, including 14 women.19
The Breton Soil Plots were established at U of A's faculty of agriculture from 1929–present to provide agricultural research on fertilization, usage, crop rotations and farming practices on Gray-Luvisolic soils (Gray-Wooded), which cover many regions in western Canada.20
The War Memorial Committee commissioned a War Memorial Pipe Organ to be erected by the Casavant Frères in U of A Convocation Hall in 1925 in memory of 80 University of Alberta comrades who gave up their lives during the Great War.21
In the early part of the 20th century, professional education expanded beyond the traditional fields of theology, law and medicine. Graduate training based on the German-inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis was introduced.12 In 1929, the university established a College of Education. This period of growth was to be short-lived, though, as the Great Depression and the Second World War curtailed enrolment and expansion until 1945.15 The University also gained new public powers. In 1928, the university's senate was granted the power to oversee and appoint half of the Alberta Eugenics Board, charged with recommending individuals for sterilization.22
Spurred by postwar growth in the student population and the discovery of oil in Leduc in 1947, the University of Alberta underwent expansion through the 1950s that continued through the 1960s as the baby-boom generation swelled the enrolment ranks.15 These two decades also saw expansion of campus buildings, including new buildings for the faculties of physical education and education, and the Cameron Library.15 The University of Alberta Press, concentrating on western Canadian history, general science and ecology, was founded in 1969.23
The policy of university education initiated in the 1960s responded to population pressure and the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals and for society. In addition, the single-university policy in the West was changed as existing colleges of the provincial universities gained autonomy as universities. On September 19, 1960, the university opened a new 130-hectare campus in Calgary.24 By 1966, the University of Calgary had been established as an autonomous institution.13
From the mid-1970s to the late 1980s, the university enjoyed sustained growth, and growing inclusiveness. In 1970, the Collège Saint-Jean began offering French-language instruction in arts, science and education. In 1984, the School of Native Studies was established. Buildings that had been started in the 1960s, such as Biological Sciences and the Central Academic Building, were completed in the early 1970s. Extensive renovations restored the venerable Arts Building, as well as the Athabasca and Pembina halls.15 New buildings completed in the early 1980s included the Business Building and the first phase of the Walter C. Mackenzie Health Sciences Centre. Another new building, the distinctive Universiade Pavilion (nicknamed the "Butterdome"), was completed as part of the university's preparations to host the World University Games in 1983, the first time the event was held in North America.15
The 1990s were a time of financial constraint as the Alberta government made significant budgetary cutbacks.13 But they were also a time in which the university benefited from philanthropic support. The $11-million Timms Centre for the Arts, which began construction in 1993, was made possible by a large donation from its namesake, Albert Timms.15 In 1998, Gladys Young's $3.5-million donation to the university undergraduate scholarship fund in memory of Roland Young, who graduated from the U of A in 1928, was the largest private donation for undergraduate scholarships in the university's history.2425
The early 2000s brought substantial funding increases. High energy prices drove Alberta's energy boom resulting in multi-billion dollar government surpluses26 and the subsequent creation of a $4.5 billion provincial post-secondary educational endowment.27 In 2005, the university hired Indira Samarasekera as its 12th president, embarking on an ambitious plan to establish itself as one of the world's top public research universities.15 These plans were hampered by the 2008 economic downturn, and by late March 2008, the university's endowment had shrunk by more than $100 million, almost 14 per cent of its value.28 The university predicted a $59-million budget shortfall in 200929 before provincial cuts brought that figure to $79 million.30 To close the budgetary gap, the university increased non-instructional fees by $290 per year31 laid off teaching and support staff, and even eliminated phones in some departments (such as English and Film Studies).32
The 2013 Alberta Budget cut provincial post-secondary grants by $147 million, including a 7.2 per cent cut to the university's base operating grant. The university is covering its resulting shortfall by reducing total spending in 2013 by $28 million, then cutting an additional $56 million to balance its budget by the spring of 2015.3334
The U of A has about 39,500 students, including nearly 7,600 graduate students and 7,200 international students representing 152 countries.35 The university has 3,620 academic staff along with about 15,380 support and trust staff.3 University professors have won more 3M Teaching Fellowships (Canada's top award for undergraduate teaching excellence) than any other Canadian university, 40 awards since 1986.36 The university offers post-secondary education in about 200 undergraduate and 170 graduate programs. Tuition and fees for both fall and winter semesters are slightly more than $5,000 for a typical undergraduate student, although they vary widely by program.4 The University of Alberta switched from a 9-point grading scale to the more common 4-point grading scale in September 2003. Sixty-eight Rhodes Scholars have come from the University of Alberta.37
The university has eighteen faculties:
- Faculty of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences focuses on natural, biological, and human resources.38 The faculty is home to the Devonian Botanic Garden in Devon, Alberta. The garden runs a series of winter hardiness trials on trees, shrubs, herbs, annuals and bulbs. The garden collection consists of Primula, Meconopsis, Allium Rosa (shrub), alpines, and herbs and plants traditionally used by Aboriginal Peoples. There is a microfungus collection and a herbarium that contains more than 4,800 livery genotypic filamentous fungi.39
- Alberta School of Business offers MBA, BCom, PhD, ExecEd, Exec MBA, and Master of Financial Management degrees.
- Faculty of Arts is home to a spectrum of arts programs and departments, from Anthropology and Community Service Learning to History and Women's Studies.
- Augustana Campus is located in a satellite campus in Camrose, Alberta. It comprises the departments of Fine Arts, Humanities, Physical Education, Science, and Social Sciences.
- Campus Saint-Jean is a francophone faculty with programs in Sciences, Fine Arts and Languages, Social Sciences, and Education.
- Faculty of Education offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in elementary and secondary education, or a combined program.
- Faculty of Engineering offers undergraduate degrees in five engineering departments. Students can choose to specialize in the following disciplines: Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Engineering Physics, Materials Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Mining Engineering and Petroleum Engineering.
- Faculty of Extension offers more than 300 courses in over 30 programs focusing on lifelong Continuing Education and Professional Development. Among the faculty's contributions to Alberta's educational and cultural life are the creation of the CKUA public radio station in 1927 and the Banff School of Fine Arts in 1933.
- Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research maintains more than 170 programs in graduate studies.
- Faculty of Law is the oldest law school in Western Canada.40 It is home to interdisciplinary institutes of constitutional studies, health law, science policy and law reform in Alberta.41
- Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry has 20 departments, seven divisions, eight research groups, and 31 centres and institutes. The faculty is internationally known for research in diabetes, obesity, virology, cardiology, cancer and spinal injury rehabilitation.42
- Faculty of Native Studies is Canada's only stand-alone faculty of native studies. The faculty began offering a master's program in the 2012-13 academic year.43
- Faculty of Nursing is one of Canada's largest nursing faculties, and was the first in Canada to offer a fully funded PhD program.44
- Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences is one of Canada's largest and finest pharmacy faculties. Its students excel nationally, achieving the highest combined score on the Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada exam in 2009, 2010 and 2012.45
- Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation focuses on the studies of human movement through sport science, kinesiology, physical education, physical activity and health, and tourism studies.46 The Faculty of Physical Education offers four undergraduate programs: Bachelor of Arts in Recreation, Sport and Tourism; Bachelor of Physical Education; Bachelor of Physical Education/Bachelor of Education (five-year combined degree offered in conjunction with the Faculty of Education); and Bachelor of Science in Kinesiology.47
- Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine is North America's only stand-alone faculty dedicated to rehabilitation science, physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech-language pathology. The faculty is a research leader in musculoskeletal health, spinal cord injuries, seniors' health, and use of communication technologies to support community care.48
- School of Public Health was established in March 2006 as Canada's first stand-alone faculty with a sole focus on public health.49 In October 2012, it became the only school in Canada and only the second outside the United States to be accredited by the U.S. Council on Education for Public Health.50
- Faculty of Science is made up of seven departments (Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Computing Science, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, Physics and Psychology.) The faculty includes 6 Steacie Award winners, 16 winners of Rutherford Awards for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching, 26 Canada Research Chairs, 5 iCORE Chairs, 3 NSERC Chairs, 2 Alberta Ingenuity Centres of Excellence, and 10 members of the Royal Society of Canada. It has more than 70 bachelor of science (BSc) programs in 39 subject areas.51
The university also has two affiliated colleges:
- St. Joseph's College offers undergraduate courses in applied ethics, philosophy, religious education and theology, for credit in degree programs with arts options. The college also offers specific courses for education students intending to teach within Alberta's Catholic school system.52
- St. Stephen's College offers graduate degree, diploma and certificate programs in theological studies, with courses designed to allow distance learning.53
The University of Alberta library system received a tremendous boost with the opening of the Rutherford Library in May 1951, and now has one of the largest research libraries systems in North America.54 As of 2012, according to the Association of Research Libraries, the library system is rated 11th in North America and is the second-largest, by number of volumes held, among all Canadian universities, after the University of Toronto Library.55 With over 10.6 million items combined with online access to more than one million electronic books and more than 1,500 electronic databases, the library system ranks first in Canada in terms of the number of volumes per student.56
The library system comprises the following specialty libraries:57
- Augustana Faculty Library
- Bibliothèque Saint-Jean
- Book and Record Depository (BARD)
- Cameron Library (Science & Technology)
- Data Library
- Herbert T. Coutts Library (Education & Physical Education)
- John A. Weir Memorial Law Library
- John W. Scott Health Sciences Library
- Rutherford Library (Humanities & Social Sciences)
- Bruce Peel Special Collections Library
- St. Joseph's College Library
- Winspear Business Reference Library
The university is home to an American Library Association-accredited School of Library and Information Studies, which offers a Master of Library and Information Studies (MLIS) program.58 The school is housed in Rutherford South, the original four-storey brick, marble and oak main campus library, which opened in 1951.
Housing over 400 distinct research laboratories, the University of Alberta is one of the leading research universities in Canada.59 The university is a member of the U15 universities and the Worldwide Universities Network, an organization of 19 universities on six continents. The university receives nearly $500 million each year for research from external sources.60
The University of Alberta is also the national scientific and administrative headquarters for:
- Sustainable Forest Management Network
- Canadian Obesity Network
- Canadian Centre for Ethnomusicology and folkwaysAlive! in partnership with Smithsonian Folkways Recordings
Researchers at the University of Alberta have made significant discoveries in a number of fields.61
In 1917, physics professor Robert Boyle developed sonar.61
Biochemistry professor James Collip played a key role in discovering insulin by refining the pancreatic extract obtained by Frederick Banting, Charles Best and John Macleod so it could be used in humans.61
Chemistry professor Raymond Lemieux was the first to synthesize sucrose. The breakthrough laid the groundwork for new antibiotics and blood reagents, anti-rejection drugs for organ transplants, and better treatments for leukemia and hemophilia.61
In 1956, surgeon John Callaghan performed the first successful open-heart surgery.61
Canada's first organ transplant research group was established at the University of Alberta on April 2, 1970, by the Medical Research Council.24
In 1995, engineer Robert Burrell used nanotechnology to develop a form of silver that could be made into a bandage for burns and other wounds. The dressings are now used worldwide.61
Medical researchers James Shapiro, Jonathan Lakey and Edmond Ryan developed the Edmonton Protocol, a revolutionary treatment for Type 1 diabetes that enables people with the disease to break their insulin dependence.62 The first patient was treated in 1999. As of 2006, the project is developed through the Clinical Islet Transplant Program.
In 2008, medical researcher David Bundle and his colleagues Glen Armstrong and Pavel Kitov made a breakthrough in treating E. coli infection by creating a drug that prevents the E. coli bacterium from making contact with kidney cells.61
Michael Houghton, Canada Excellence Research Chair and Li Ka Shing Chair in Virology, showed that a vaccine created from one strain of the hepatitis C virus can be effective against all known strains of the virus. Houghton was also the researcher who originally identified the hepatitis C virus. The discovery paves the way for developing a vaccine to prevent future hepatitis C infections.61
In June 2006, a $120-million building for the National Institute for Nanotechnology (NINT) was opened on campus. The NINT complex is one of the world’s most technologically advanced research facilities, housing the quietest and cleanest laboratory space in Canada.63 NINT occupies five floors of the new building, with the top two floors being reserved by the university for nanotechnology-related research. Some staff members have been jointly recruited by the NRC and the University of Alberta.
The University of Alberta is home to the Canadian Circumpolar Institute, which supports research into social and environmental issues including climate change, cultural identity and natural resource development.61
In 2011, researchers at the University of Alberta linked the reproductive ecology of polar bears in Canada's Hudson Bay with decreasing litter sizes and loss of sea ice.61
Cattle researcher Roy Berg revolutionized the world's beef industry with his innovations in crossbreeding, which led to a 30 to 40 per cent increase in production and contributed to Alberta's world leadership in beef production.61
In the 1920s, engineering professor Karl Clark developed a hot-water extraction process to separate bitumen from oilsands. Geology professor Charlie Stelck's idea to search for oil and gas deposits near ancient coral reefs led to the discovery of oil in Leduc, Alberta, in 1947 and in the Pembina Oil Field in 1953. Today, more than 1,000 researchers at the University of Alberta are working together on oilsands issues and their environmental effects, including carbon capture and storage, tailings-pond reclamation and water preservation.61
- The university participated in the initial development of the Mizar system.65
- The asteroid 99906 Uofalberta is named in the university's honour, in part because the initials of its motto Quaecumque Vera ("Whatsoever things are true") appeared in the object's provisional designation 2002 QV53.66
|University of Alberta|
|ARWU Natural Science & Math68||151-200|
|ARWU Engineering & CS69||76-100|
|ARWU Life Sciences70||76-100|
|ARWU Clinical Medicine71||76-100|
|ARWU Social Sciences72||51-75|
The University of Alberta consistently ranks among the top five universities in Canada and among the top public research universities worldwide. In 2013 QS World University Rankings76 ranked the university 96th overall in the world and fifth in Canada. The Webometrics Ranking of World Universities rated the university 77th in the world in July 2013.77 The 2012-2013 University Ranking by Academic Performance rated the university 61st in the world and fourth in Canada.78 In 2013, the university was ranked 97th in the world and fourth in Canada by the Center for World University Rankings.79
In 2013, the University of Alberta was named one of "Canada's Greenest Employers" by Mediacorp Canada Inc. for the fifth straight year.80 The university was also named one of Alberta's Top Employers for the fourth consecutive year in 2012.81
The Globe and Mail's University Report reflects the opinions of more than 35,000 undergraduates who responded to some 100 questions about their respective universities.82 The University of Alberta received scores of B+ and above in the following categories:
- quality of teaching and learning
- student-faculty interaction
- campus atmosphere
- ease of course registration
- reputation with employers
- information technology
The University has also been the subject of several recent scandals. In 2011, the school's dean of medicine resigned after plagiarizing much of his graduation address.83 In 2012, the University's Psychiatry department chair was placed on leave before officially beginning his duties after allegations emerged of an inappropriate sexual relationship with a patient.84
The university has five distributed campus facilities including, in addition to the North Campus, two auxiliary satellites: Campus Saint-Jean in southeast Edmonton, and Augustana Campus in Camrose, 90 kilometres southeast of Edmonton. An extensively renovated and refurbished historic Hudson's Bay department store in downtown Edmonton, renamed Enterprise Square, serves as a campus for adult students belonging to the Faculty of Extension. The university also owns a set of large parcels of mostly undeveloped land (currently used as an experimental farm and the site of several agricultural and sports facilities) slightly south of the main campus, called South Campus (previously the University Farm), in which an entire new university complex of similar magnitude to the North Campus will gradually be constructed.
Detailed Google Maps views and 360-degree interactive panoramas of the campus can be seen on the University of Alberta website.
Architect Barton Myers completed the long-range campus plan in 1969 and continued as a planner for the University until 1978.
The distinctive cupola of the Dentistry/Pharmacy Centre on North Campus was featured in a commemorative stamp issued by Canada Post in 2008, the year of the university's centenary.86
Located two kilometres south of the North Campus, the South Campus is much larger in terms of land area. The two campuses are linked by the convenient high-speed Light Rail Transit. The transit station is near Foote Field and the Saville Community Sports Centre, forming a natural gateway to the new campus architectural model. Since South Campus LRT opened in April 2009, the U of A became the only university in Canada with four LRT/subway stations on its campuses (Along with University, Health Sciences/Jubilee, and Bay/Enterprise Square stations).
Much of the university's agricultural research in food safety and crop use for food and industrial products happens at the Edmonton Research Station Experimental Farms on South Campus. This campus is also home to the Saville Community Sports Centre, a 32,500-square-metre, multi-use recreation facility that hosts 14 varsity teams and several community sports clubs. In 2013, the Saville Centre became the new training centre for the Canadian senior women's basketball team.87
Preliminary long-range development thinking for South Campus implies it may become an expanding academic and research extension of the North Campus, with rapid development over the next few decades.88 New architectural guidelines, differing from those of the North Campus might encourage a somewhat more consistent, high quality, aesthetic architectural style. With a large expanse of land available, significant green space will be incorporated to provide a park-like context overall.88
The Campus Saint-Jean is a francophone campus located five kilometres east of the main campus, in Bonnie Doon. It is the only French-language university campus west of Manitoba. Due to increasing enrolment, the Campus Saint-Jean is currently undergoing expansion, acquiring new laboratory and classroom spaces. Students at Campus Saint-Jean currently may pursue Bachelor's degrees in the sciences or arts, or complete their first year of Engineering, after which they often transfer to the University of Alberta's main campus. Bilingual Nursing and Business programs are also available.
The Augustana Campus is located in Camrose, a small city in rural Alberta about 100 km southeast of Edmonton. In 2004, the former Augustana University College in Camrose merged with the University of Alberta, thus creating the new satellite Augustana Campus. Students enrolled at the Augustana Campus currently may pursue four-year Bachelor's degrees in arts, sciences, or music.
Enterprise Square opened for business January 15, 2008 on the north side of the North Saskatchewan river in downtown Edmonton.89 It is located in the historical building previously occupied by the Hudson's Bay Company. The building underwent major renovations. Currently, Enterprise Square houses the University of Alberta Faculty of Extension, the professional development activities of the Alberta School of Business, the Alberta Business Family Institute, and the Design Gallery. It is also the home of the University of Alberta Alumni Association.
$1.6 billion in construction has recently been undertaken at the university related to fields in health and science. These projects greatly expand the University of Alberta's research capacity in the field of health in particular. Over the past five years, the University of Alberta has averaged nearly $500 million in external research funding a year.90 This funding is expected to increase due to added state-of-the-art research and teaching capacity.
One of the recent major projects, completed in the spring of 2011 with its grand opening on September 23, 2011, was the $400-million, state-of-the-art Centennial Centre for Interdisciplinary Science (CCIS),91 a facility for interdisciplinary research groups, as well as the Department of Physics, the Faculty of Science offices and the Interdepartmental Science Students' Society's office. Three buildings – V-Wing (a large one-floor building composed of 10 lecture halls, of which two will remain), the Avadh Bhatia Physics Building (a six-storey building formerly housing the Department of Physics offices and laboratories), and the old Centre for Subatomic Research92 – were demolished to make way for CCIS.
The Edmonton Clinic (formerly the Health Science Ambulatory Learning Centre) is a joint project with Alberta Health Services, and consists of two separate buildings. Construction started in 2008 on the multidisciplinary health science facilities totalling $909 million and 170,000 square metres surrounding the Health Sciences LRT Station. Edmonton Clinic South (now known as Kaye Edmonton Clinic), a nine-storey building, will focus on patient care and house most of the medical and dental clinics, while the Edmonton Clinic Health Academy is a six-storey building that is the home of interdisciplinary health research and education currently held at the university. The Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, owned and operated by the University of Alberta, officially opened in January 2012. The Kaye Edmonton Clinic, owned and operated by Alberta Health Services, opened in December 2012.93
Two new $300-million buildings adjacent to the Heritage Medical Research Centre building on the main campus, along with existing health-care and health research facilities and the Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, form a health precinct of two city blocks dedicated to health research, education and patient care. The newest facilities form a translational research centre designed to create an environment for innovative "bench-to-bedside" health research by increasing interaction between researchers and clinicians focused on common medical issues. A total of 65,000 square metres (699,700 square feet) gross area constructed on two sites contribute to research by allowing the university to hire over 100 additional biomedical and health researchers. This is projected to result in a doubling of research funding by 2014.94
Katz Group Centre for Pharmacy and Health Research
The hub of the complex is the Katz Group Centre for Pharmacy and Health Research (formerly HRIF West), an eight-storey building that provides the main entrance to the complex and becomes the critical link between Medical Sciences Building and Heritage Medical Research Centre. The Katz Group Centre is a teaching and research facility. It is home to the Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, led by scientific director Lorne Tyrrell, MD, PhD, and includes some of the world's top virologists, including Michael Houghton, PhD, Canada Excellence Research Chair and Li Ka Shing Chair in Virology, who co-led the team that discovered the hepatitis C virus during his previous career in private industry. The facility is located on the corner of 89 Avenue and 114 Street in Edmonton, Alberta.
Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Research Innovation
The Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Research Innovation (formerly HRIF East) anchors the southeast corner of the health precinct and is also home to the Alberta Diabetes Institute (ADI). Both the east and west buildings of HRIF are linked at every floor to the Heritage Medical Research Centre with the exception of Level 1 of HRIF West. The facility is dedicated to health research and boasts state-of-the-art laboratories for top researchers, including several Canada Research Chairs.95 The facility is named in honour of a gift in 2010 of $28 million from the Li Ka Shing (Canada) Foundation that helped establish the Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology ($25M) and a joint PhD program ($3M) between the university's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry and Shantou University Medical College in China.96 As of fall 2012, this remains the largest single cash gift to the University of Alberta. The facility is located on the corner of 89 Avenue and 112 Street in Edmonton, Alberta.
Undergraduate students are represented by the Students' Union (SU). Graduate students are represented by the Graduate Students' Association (GSA).
In 1946 the university student council met to consider possible blueprints for a new building, including a large auditorium, during a time when veterans were returning to complete their interrupted studies. The new building was financed by a series of mechanisms, and the completed structure opened in 1967. The Students' Union Building (SUB) has been expanded twice since its original construction. Along with the auditorium, named after former president Myer Horowitz, it holds a number of services and businesses owned and operated by the Students' Union, as well as services owned and operated by the University of Alberta, including the University Bookstore. A new major renovation project, approved in a student referendum in 2012, is in progress and is expected to be completed by August 2014. The renovations include the addition of a two-storey glazed atrium on the building's south side, a tiered floor area leading from the main level to the lower level, and expanded space on the lower level for student groups and services.97
There are nearly 450 student groups on campus serving students interested in academic, cultural, recreational and political involvement.98
The Gateway is the official student newspaper. Fully autonomous, it publishes "most Wednesdays."99 The university also has a monthly student newspaper, The Dagligtale, published at Augustana Campus in Camrose, Alberta.100
The University of Alberta offers a wide range of residences on its campuses. Though a majority of students live off-campus, a significant number from outside Edmonton in early years of their post-secondary education opt to live in residences operated by the university's Residence Services.101 The student group representing all students living in residences is the Residence Halls Association (RHA).102
- Lister Centre is a large residence complex of four towers, occupied mainly by first- and second-year students. It provides a full-care boarding package, with hospitality programs to help integrate new students into university life. The complex offers a large number of furnished single and double dormitory style rooms with common kitchens and living areas. There is a large cafeteria in the central building of the complex. Lister is the largest residence on campus with a population of 1,800.103
- HUB International is the second-largest residence on campus with a population of 850. It contains a combination of student apartments and small storefronts. The apartments are a mix of bachelor suites, double and quadruple bedroom apartments. The 957-foot-long (292 m) design, by architect Barton Myers, has an interior corridor housing businesses and restaurants that can be viewed from the apartments above, giving it the feel of a residential street. The official student group for HUB residents is the HUB Community Association (HCA)104105
- International House is a residence designed for international students and a few Canadian students interested in living with international students. It offers modern, well-equipped single bedrooms with common kitchens and living spaces, both furnished and unfurnished.106
- Newton Place is a highrise offering an apartment-style facility for older students and student couples.107
- East Campus Village comprises houses and walk-up townhouses, offering older and married students a modern multi-room facility.108
- Michener Park offers older students a well-developed, apartment-style facility near the South Campus.109
- St. Joseph's College Residence operates an all-male residence, independent of the university's official residence service. The college also operates an all-female residence located in the HUB Mall Residence, and a summer residence from May through August.110
- Résidence Saint-Jean operates a modern apartment-style, French-language oriented residence on Campus Saint-Jean, about six kilometres east of the North Campus.111
- Augustana Faculty Residences comprise two distinct complexes. The 350-room First Year Complex is similar in style to (though much smaller than) Lister Centre, and is composed entirely of double rooms. Across a small ravine from the rest of the campus is another compound of seven smaller buildings (six residences and a common area) known collectively as the "Ravine Complex," which houses 224 students in their second to fourth year.112 Augustana is the only U of A faculty with a residence requirement whereby, with certain exceptions, all students are expected to spend their first year in residence on campus.113
- Graduate Residence is the University of Alberta's newest residence, consisting of four buildings located in the East Campus community. It offers fully furnished walk-up apartments (studio or two-bedroom) and grants priority to graduate students and students in medicine and dentistry, pharmacy, and law.114
Greek societies were banned at the University of Alberta until 1930 after a public campaign. Today the Greek population counts more than 500 involved and active students on campus. There are many notable Greek alumni from the U of A, including former Alberta premier Peter Lougheed, scientist Jay Ingram, former Conservative minister Jim Prentice, current member of Parliament Linda Duncan and prolific Canadian author W.O. Mitchell.
The female fraternities on campus, recognized through the National Pan-Hellenic Conference, are Alpha Gamma Delta, Delta Gamma, Kappa Alpha Theta, Pi Beta Phi, and Ceres.115 The male fraternities on campus, as recognized by the Interfraternity Council, are Delta Chi, Delta Upsilon, Farmhouse, Theta Chi, Kappa Sigma, Lambda Chi Alpha, Pi Kappa Alpha, Phi Gamma Delta, and Phi Delta Theta.116 The IFC also recognizes the Alpha Psi local sorority as a member.117
The University of Alberta provides first-year welcome-week and bridging programs specifically for Aboriginal students. The Faculty of Native Studies was designed to meet the knowledge needs of First Nations, Métis and Inuit students, and to promote research into Aboriginal issues. The university also has outreach programs that bring young people to campus from Aboriginal communities throughout Alberta through summer science camps. The university’s Aboriginal Teacher Education Program at Blue Quills First Nations College was developed in partnership with specific Aboriginal communities to meet local needs. The Rupertsland Centre for Métis Research (RCMR) was established in May 2011 as an Academic Centre under the Faculty of Native Studies at the University of Alberta. The RCMR is a four-way partnership between the University of Alberta, Advanced Education and Technology, the Métis Nation of Alberta and the Rupertsland Institute.118
The University of Alberta is represented in Canadian Interuniversity Sport by the Alberta Golden Bears (men's) and the Alberta Pandas (women's). U of A teams have won 62 national championships, in a wider variety of sports than any other Canadian university.119
The Golden Bears hockey team has won 48 Canada West championships and made 18 appearances in the CIS University Cup finals, winning an unprecedented 13 times.120 Thirteen Golden Bears players have gone on to play in the National Hockey League.120
As of 2012, the Pandas hockey team has won the Canada West Conference 11 times in the 15-year history of competition.121 In addition, they have claimed the national championship seven times. When the Pandas lost the CIS championship game in March 2005, it ended a 103-game undefeated streak.121
The Pandas volleyball team are frequent national contenders. They have won nine Canada West championships since 1994-95 and seven CIS championships over the same period.122
The Green and Gold Soccer Academy is the U of A's soccer centre of excellence. The academy's goal is to bring the skills of the university's coaches and players to young soccer players aged seven to 18 in Edmonton communities. The academy runs summer soccer camps, international programs and a training program at the Vimy Ridge Academy School.123
The University of Alberta is developing a new 2,403 m2 (25,870 sq ft) fitness centre and state-of-the-art climbing complex as a part of the overall Physical Activity and Wellness (PAW) Centre, to be located at the corner of 87 Avenue and 114 Street on the university's North Campus.124
The PAW Centre will enhance student experience by providing a new indoor atrium and student lifestyle centre called the “social street,” created by enclosing the existing outdoor space between the main gymnasium, Universiade Pavilion and the East Wing of the Van Vliet Centre; additional student-focused multi-purpose space, including food retail, quiet study space, a games room, lounges, and a prayer and meditation space; and a variety of fitness components including individual and group training space, free weights, machine weights, stretching areas, cardio and fitness equipment, and locker-room renovations.124
Faculty, staff and alumni of the University of Alberta have made significant contributions to society and have been recognized as international leaders in their fields.
Among the university's distinguished current and former faculty are authors Margaret Atwood, E. D. Blodgett, Gary Botting, Jonathan Hart and Greg Hollingshead; bioethics pioneer John Dossetor, physicists Robert William Boyle and Werner Israel; biochemist James Collip and chemist Raymond Lemieux; computer scientist Jonathan Schaeffer and paleontologist Philip Currie.
Notable alumni include Nobel laureate Richard E. Taylor,125 Chief Justice of Canada Beverley McLachlin, former Daily Planet host Jay Ingram, and Rhodes Scholar George Stanley, who designed the Canadian flag.
Many University of Alberta alumni have gone on to prominence in politics, including former Canadian prime minister Joe Clark, former governor general Roland Michener and Alberta's 10th premier, Peter Lougheed.
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