University of Copenhagen

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University of Copenhagen
Københavns Universitet
University of Copenhagen Seal.svg
Latin: Universitas Hafniensis
Motto Coelestem adspicit lucem (Latin)
Motto in English It (the eagle) looks at the celestial light
Established 1479
Type Public university
Budget DKK 7,803,414,000 ($1.4 Billion) (2011)1
Rector Ralf Hemmingsen
Admin. staff 9.272 full-time equivalents (2012) 2
Students 38,867 (2012) 3
Undergraduates 22.351 (2012) 4
Postgraduates 16,516 (2012) 5
Doctoral students 2.503 (2012) 6
Location Copenhagen, Denmark Denmark
Campus City Campus,
North Campus,
South Campus and
Frederiksberg Campus
Affiliations IARU, EUA
Website ku.dk
University of Copenhagen Wordmark.svg
University Main Building, Frue Plads. (Distorted 180° panorama).
Annex in Fiolstræde.

The University of Copenhagen (UCPH) (Danish: Københavns Universitet) is the oldest and second largest university and research institution in Denmark. Founded in 1479 as a studium generale, it is the second oldest institution for higher education in Scandinavia after Uppsala University (1477). The university has more than 38,000 students, and more than 9,000 employees. The university has four campuses located in and around Copenhagen, with the headquarter located in central Copenhagen. Most courses are taught in Danish; however, many courses are also offered in English and a few in German. The university has several thousands foreign students of which about half are from Nordic countries.

The university is a member of the International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU), along with University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Yale University, The Australian National University, and UC Berkeley, amongst others. The Academic Ranking of World Universities, compiled by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, saw the University of Copenhagen as the leading university in Scandinavia and the 40th ranked university in the world in 2010. It is also ranked 52nd in the 2011 QS World University Rankings.78910 Moreover, in 2013, according to the University Ranking by Academic Performance,11 the University of Copenhagen is the best university in Denmark and 25th university in the world. The university has had 812 alumni become Nobel laureates and 1 Turing Award recipient.

Organisation and administration

The university is governed by a board consisting of 11 members: 6 members recruited outside the university form the majority of the board, 2 members are appointed by the scientific staff, 1 member is appointed by the administrative staff, and 2 members are appointed by the university students. The rector, the prorector and the director of the university is appointed by the university board. The rector in turn appoints directors of the different parts of the central administration and deans of the different faculties. The deans appoint heads of 50 departments. There is no faculty senate and faculty is not involved in the appointment of rector, deans, or department heads. Hence the university has no faculty governance, although there are elected Academic Boards at faculty level who advise the deans.13

International strategy and key figures

The strategy of UCPH is to attract top talent from around the world. UCPH has established an international graduate talent program (grants for international ph.d.) and at tenure track carrier system. UCPH has: 50+ master’s programmes taught in English, 150+ exchange agreements worldwide, 800 Erasmus agreements, 1,700 incoming exchange students, 2,000 outbound exchange students and 4,000 international degree-seeking students.

  • The University consists of 6 faculties and around 100 departments and research centres.
  • Annual budget: appr. 1 billion euro
  • Total number of enrolled students: 38,867
  • Undergraduate students: 22,351
  • Graduate students: 16,516
  • International students: 5,515 (exchange, guest and full-degree students)
  • Staff: Total full time equivalents (FTE): 9,272
  • Academic staff (FTE): 5,023
  • Technical and administrative staff (FTE): 4,249
  • Number of PhD students: 2,503

Faculties

The University of Copenhagen currently has six faculties:

Campus

The university campus is located over four sites in Copenhagen:14

  • North Campus
    • Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences
    • Faculty of Science
  • City Campus
    • Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences
    • Faculty of Law
    • Faculty of Social Sciences
    • Faculty of Theology
    • Central Administration
  • South Campus
    • Faculty of Humanities
  • Frederiksberg Campus
    • Faculty of Science
    • Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

History

The Rundetårn (round tower) was used in the 17th century as an observatory by Ole Rømer.

The University of Copenhagen was founded in 1479 and is the oldest university in Denmark. Between the closing of the Studium Generale in Lund in 1536 and the establishment of the University of Aarhus in the late 1920s, it was the only university in Denmark. The university became a centre of Roman Catholic theological learning, but also had faculties for the study of law, medicine, and philosophy.

The university was closed by the Church in 1531 to stop the spread of Protestantism, and re-established in 1537 by King Christian III after the Lutheran Reformation and transformed into an evangelical-Lutheran seminary. Between 1675 and 1788, the university introduced the concept of degree examinations. An examination for theology was added in 1675, followed by law in 1736. By 1788, all faculties required an examination before they would issue a degree.

In 1801, under the command of Admiral Horatio Nelson, the British fleet bombarded Copenhagen during the Battle of Copenhagen, destroying most of the university's buildings.citation needed By 1836, however, the new main building of the university was inaugurated amid extensive building that continued until the end of the century. The university library, the Zoological Museum, the Geological Museum, the Botanic Garden with greenhouses, and the Technical College were also established during this period.

Interior of the old university library at Fiolstræde around 1920.

Between 1842 and 1850, the faculties at the university were restructured. Starting in 1842, the University Faculty of Medicine and the Academy of Surgeons merged to form the Faculty of Medical Science, while in 1848 the Faculty of Law was reorganised and became the Faculty of Jurisprudence and Political Science. In 1850, the Faculty of Mathematics and Science was separated from the Faculty of Philosophy.

The first female student was enrolled at the university in 1877. The university underwent explosive growth between 1960 and 1980. The number of students rose from around 6,000 in 1960 to about 26,000 in 1980, with a correspondingly large growth in the number of employees. Buildings built during this time period include the new Zoological Museum, the Hans Christian Ørsted and August Krogh Institutes, the campus centre on Amager Island, and the Panum Institute.

The Geological Museum.

The new university statute instituted in 1970 involved democratisation of the management of the university. It was modified in 1973 and subsequently applied to all higher education institutions in Denmark. The democratisation was later reversed with the 2003 university reforms. Further change in the structure of the university from 1990 to 1993 made a Bachelor's degree programme mandatory in virtually all subjects.

Also in 1993, the law departments broke off from the Faculty of Social Sciences to form a separate Faculty of Law. In 1994, the University of Copenhagen designated environmental studies, north-south relations, and biotechnology as areas of special priority according to its new long-term plan. Starting in 1996 and continuing to the present, the university planned new buildings, including for the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Humanities at Amager (Ørestaden), along with a Biotechnology Centre. By 1999, the student population had grown to exceed 35,000, resulting in the university appointing additional professors and other personnel.

South Campus.

In 2003, the revised Danish university law removed faculty, staff and students from the university decision process, creating a top-down control structure that has been described as absolute monarchy, since leaders are granted extensive powers while being appointed exclusively by higher levels in the organization.15

In 2005, the Center for Health and Society (Center for Sundhed og Samfund – CSS) opened in central Copenhagen, housing the Faculty of Social Sciences and Institute of Public Health, which until then had been located in various places throughout the city. In May 2006, the university announced further plans to leave many of its old buildings in the inner city of Copenhagen, an area that has been home to the university for more than 500 years. The purpose of this has been to gather the university's many departments and faculties on three larger campuses in order to create a bigger, more concentrated and modern student environment with better teaching facilities, as well as to save money on rent and maintenance of the old buildings. The concentration of facilities on larger campuses also allows for more inter-disciplinary cooperation; for example, the Departments of Political Science and Sociology are now located in the same facilities at CSS and can pool resources more easily.

In January 2007, the University of Copenhagen merged with the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University and the Danish University of Pharmaceutical Science. The two universities are now faculties under the University of Copenhagen, and are now known as the Faculty of Life Sciences and the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

In January 2012, the Faculty og Pharmaceutical Sciences and the veterinary third of the Faculty of Life Sciences merged with the Faculty of Health Sciences forming the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences – and the other two thirds of the Faculty of Life Sciences merged with the Faculty of Science.

Student housing

Although many privately owned dormitories (kollegier in Danish) exist in Copenhagen, there are also five which are partially administered by the university. Only students who have passed at least two years of studies are considered for admission. These are normally referred to as the old dormitories, and they consist of Regensen, Elers' Kollegium, Borchs Kollegium, Hassagers Kollegium, and Valkendorfs Kollegium.

Contrary to the tradition of most American dormitories, Danish dormitories in general, and the old dormitories in particular, only offer single rooms for rent, meaning no student has to share their room with others.

Seal

The oldest seal only exists on a letter from 1531 and it depicts Saint Peter with a key and a book. In a circle around him is the text

Sigillum universitatis studii haffnensis.

When the university was re-established by Christian III in 1537 after the Protestant Reformation, it received a new seal. The seal shows the king with crown, sceptre, and globus cruciger sitting above a coat of arms that contains the Danish coat of arms in the upper right part and the Norwegian coat in the left. The text is

Sigillum Universitatis Hafniensis A Christiano III Rege Restauravit
Seal of the University of Copenhagen, reestablished by King Christian III.

The 1537 seal is very similar to the current seal, which was made in 2000 and is shown at the top of this page. The text is different and there is only the national coat of arms of Denmark on the seal. The coat of arms has a crown and contains three lions and nine hearts. The text is

Sigillum Universitatis Hafniensis
Fundatæ 1479
Reformatæ 1537
Seal of the University of Copenhagen
Founded 1479
Reformed 1537

In addition to the university seal, each of the university's six faculties have a seal of their own.

The seal of 1531 (1) and the seal of 1537 (2)

International reputation

University rankings
Global
ARWU16 42
Times17 130
QS18 45
Europe
QS19 13

The 2013 Academic Ranking of World Universities20 published by Shanghai Jiao Tong University ranks the University of Copenhagen as the best university in Denmark and Scandinavia, the 9th best university in Europe, and number 42 in the Top 500 World Universities ranking.21 In the Times Higher Education World University Rankings for 2013, the University of Copenhagen is ranked at 130th overall in the world22 and 50th in Europe.23 In the 2013 THE–QS World University Rankings list, the University of Copenhagen was ranked 45th.

The university cooperates with universities around the world. In January 2006, the University of Copenhagen entered into a partnership of ten universities, along with the Australian National University, ETH Zürich, National University of Singapore, Peking University, University of California Berkeley, University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, University of Tokyo and Yale University. The partnership is referred to as the International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU).

Cooperative agreements with other universities and colleges

List of rectors

Ralf Hemmingsen (2005 – current rector). He is the 258th rector.26

List of directors of the Royal Academy Schools

The oldest surviving lecture plan from the university is from 1537.
From To Director
1823 1824 Matthias Hastrup Bornemann
1824 1825 Oluf Lundt Bang
1825 1826 Hans Christian Ørsted
1826 1827 Knud Lyne Rahbek
1827 1828 Peter Erasmus Müller
1828 1829 Johan Frederik Vilhelm Schlegel
1829 1830 Johan Sylvester Saxtorph
1830 1831 Jens Wilken Hornemann
1831 1832 Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger
1832 1833 Jens Møller
1833 1834 Janus Lauritz Andreas Kolderup Rosenvinge
1834 1835 Johan Daniel Herholdt
1835 1836 Christian Thorning Engelstoft
1836 1837 Erich Christian Werlauff
1837 1838 Henrik Nicolai Clausen
1838 1839 Johannes Ephraim Larsen
1839 1840 Oluf Lundt Bang
1840 1841 Hans Christian Ørsted
1841 1842 Peter Oluf Brøndsted
1842 1843 Carl Emil Scharling

Notable alumni (chronological order)

Ole Rømer
Piet Hein

See also

References

  1. ^ http://introduction.ku.dk/facts_and_figures/
  2. ^ http://tal.ku.dk/c_personale/
  3. ^ http://tal.ku.dk/studerende/F_studerende/
  4. ^ http://tal.ku.dk/studerende/F_studerende/
  5. ^ http://tal.ku.dk/studerende/F_studerende/
  6. ^ http://tal.ku.dk/forskning/
  7. ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2011?page=1&search_theme_form=campinas&op=Search&form_build_id=form-8573010647160d79d0ba13e30d05f98a&form_id=search_theme_form
  8. ^ http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/ranking.htm
  9. ^ http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/rank/2007/ARWU2007_Top100.htm
  10. ^ http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/hybrid.asp?typeCode=243&pubCode=1&navcode=137
  11. ^ "URAP – University Ranking by Academic Performance". 
  12. ^ http://introduction.ku.dk/facts_and_figures/nobel/
  13. ^ "Vedtægt for Københavns Universitet". Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  14. ^ http://introduction.ku.dk/campus/
  15. ^ "Absolut monarki på universiteterne". 23 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-20. 
  16. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Top 400 – The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013–2014". The Times Higher Education. 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  18. ^ "QS World University Rankings (2013/14)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  19. ^ "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  20. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/
  21. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2013 | Top 500 universities". 2013 World University Rankings | Academic Ranking of World Universities. The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU). 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-22. 
  22. ^ http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2012-13/world-ranking
  23. ^ http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2012-13/world-ranking/region/europe
  24. ^ http://www.iva.dk/english/aboutus/networksandcooperations/
  25. ^ http://www.iva.dk/omiva/samarbejdemedkoebenhavnsuniversitet/
  26. ^ http://introduction.ku.dk/organisation/management/rector/
  27. ^ "Congress and the Presidency in the TV and Digital Age". c-span.org. Retrieved May 4, 2011. 

External links

Coordinates: 55°40′47″N 12°34′21″E / 55.67972°N 12.57250°E / 55.67972; 12.57250








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