University of Strathclyde
|University of Strathclyde|
|Oilthigh Srath Chluaidh (Gaelic)|
|Motto||The Place of Useful Learning|
|Established||1796 Andersonian Institute ; 1964 granted University Status by Royal Charter
The University of Strathclyde
|Chancellor||Lord Hope of Craighead|
|Principal||Professor Jim McDonald|
|Convenor of the Court||Fraser Livingston|
The University of Strathclyde (Scottish Gaelic: Oilthigh Srath Chluaidh, Scots: Varsitie o Straithclyde), Glasgow, Scotland, is Glasgow's second university by age, founded in 1796, and receiving its Royal Charter in 1964 as the UK's first technological university. It takes its name from the historic Kingdom of Strathclyde and is characterised today by its approach of innovative, flexible learning concentrated on practical subjects, striving to fulfill the vision of a "place of useful learning".2 The University of Strathclyde is Scotland's third largest university by number of students carrying an international reputation and outlook, with students and staff from over 100 countries.3 The institution was named UK University of the Year 2012/2013 in the Times Higher Education Awards which took place on 29 November 2012.
The university was founded in 1796 through the will of Professor John Anderson, professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Glasgow who left instructions and the majority of his estate to create a second university in Glasgow which would focus on "Useful Learning" – specialising in practical subjects – "for the good of mankind and the improvement of science, a place of useful learning". The University later named its city centre campus after him.
In 1828, the institution was renamed Anderson's University, partially fulfilling Anderson's vision of two universities in the city of Glasgow. The name was changed in 1887, to reflect the fact that there was no legal authority for the use of the title of 'university'.4 As a result the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College was formed, becoming the Royal Technical College in 1912, and the Royal College of Science and Technology in 1956 concentrating on science and engineering teaching and research. Undergraduate students could qualify for degrees of the University of Glasgow or the equivalent Associate of the Royal College of Science and Technology (ARCST).
Under Principal Samuel Curran, internationally respected nuclear physicist (and inventor of the scintillation counter), the Royal College gained University Status, receiving its Royal Charter to become The University of Strathclyde in 1964, merging with the Scottish College of Commerce at the same time. Contrary to popular belief, The University of Strathclyde was not created as a result of the Robbins Report – the decision to grant the Royal College university status had been made earlier in the 1960s5 but delayed as a result of Robbins Report. The University of Strathclyde was the UK's first technological university reflecting its history, teaching and research excellence in technological education. In 1993, the University incorporated Jordanhill College of Education.
The university has developed its reputation and grown from approximately 4,000 full-time students in 1964 to over 20,000 students in 2003, when it celebrated the 100th anniversary of the laying of the foundation stone of the original Royal College building.
Since taking over the Jordanhill college in 1993, the University operated two campuses - The John Anderson Campus and the Jordanhill campus until 2012 when the Jordanhill campus was closed and everything was moved to the John Anderson Campus.
The centrepiece building has long been the massive Royal College Building. Started in 1903 and completed in 1912, it was partially opened in 1910 and at the time was the largest educational building in Europe for technical education. Originally built as the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College Building, it now houses Bioscience, Chemistry, and Electronic and Electrical Engineering. The building is currently undergoing major internal renovation following the relocation of the Pharmacology and Bioscience departments to new accommodation in the John Arbuthnott (SIPBS) building, and the installation of a new heating system.
Meanwhile, a new biomedical sciences building was opened in early 2010. It was designed by Shepparrd Robson, and is a purpose-built centre which aims to bring the multi-faceted disciplines of the Institute together under one roof. The building is central to the Institute’s aims of delivering speedier, more efficient drug discovery in a pioneering, world-class centre for research and development. Sited on Cathedral Street in Glasgow, the 8,000m2 building is the gateway to the University campus and city centre from the motorway.
The James Weir Building is currently undergoing reconstruction after a serious fire resulted in many rooms being unusable.6
The Architecture Building, completed in 1967, is considered to be the best post-war building on campus. It was designed by Frank Fielden and Associates, Frank Fielden being the Professor of Architecture in the Architecture School at the time. The Architects Journal Magazine at the time highly praised this building for its restraint in the choice of materials and its organisational of the programe within the constraints of a difficult site. In 2012, Historic Scotland granted Listed Building Status (grade B) to it, along with the Wolfson Building designed by Morris and Steedman Architects. 2012 also saw the 20th Century Society select the Architecture Building as their 'Building of the Month' for September due to its cultural significance and enduring appeal. 20th century society building of the month
Departments are organised into four faculties:
The university delivers teaching to over 25,000 full-time and part-time students: 15,000 undergraduates and 10,000 postgraduatescitation needed. Another 34,000 people take part in continuing education and professional development programmes. The university's main campus, John Anderson Campus, is located in the centre of Glasgow, near George Square, and it has an education campus in the suburb of Jordanhill, at the site of the previousJordanhill Teacher Training College.
Strathclyde is the only Scottish university that offers the IET Power Academy engineering scholarships to its engineering students.12
The university dropped six places to number 50 in the UK RAE league table published by the Times Higher Education Supplement (THES).13 although it did rank highly in a number of areas in the same newspaper article – 8th in the UK for Pharmacy, 12th for Business and management studies, 17th for Chemistry, 13th for Law, 21st for Electrical and Electronic Engineering and 12th for Allied health professions and studies. However the RAE 2008 led directly to cuts in the university's research funding in 2009.14
The University is currently building its own Technology & Innovation Center.
- Sir Samuel Curran - Inventor of the Scintillation counter15
- John Logie Baird - Invented the world's first working television16
- Thomas Graham - Formulated the Law of Diffusion of Gases16
- David Livingstone - explorer and missionary
- James Young - Successfully separated paraffin wax, naphtha, lamp oil and lubricating oil from oil16
- James Blyth - responsible for one of the earliest applications of wind power16
- Henry Faulds - Originator of fingerprint identification16
- James Croll - Early investigator of climate change16
- Robert Thom - Inventor of water filtration systems16
- Andrew Ure - His research is believed to be the inspiration behind Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein.16
- Jim McColl - Scotland's richest man17
- Sir Thomas Hunter - Entrepreneur and Philanthropist17
- "Table 0a – All students by institution, mode of study, level of study, gender and domicile 2006/07". Higher Education Statistics Agency online statistics. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
- "University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Physics Department - Historical Laboratory Photos". Phys.strath.ac.uk. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
- "Samuel Curran". Oxforddnb.com. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
- "James Weir Building Wikipedia Article", 26th November 2012
- "QS World University Rankings 2012/13". Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- "THES Top 400 Universities 2012/2013". THES. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- "University League Table 2014". The Complete University Guide. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
- "University guide 2014: University league table". The Guardian. 3 June 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "The Times Good University Guide 2013". Times Newspapers. Retrieved 30 September 2012.(subscription required)
- "IET Power Academy- IET Conferences". Theiet.org. 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
- "University and College Union - Scottish universities hit by research funding cuts". UCU. 2009-04-02. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
- University of Strathclyde website
- David Livingstone Center for Sustainability website
- James Goold Halls of Residence
- Livingstone Tower
- Glasgow Digital Library at the University of Strathclyde
- Strathclyde Students' Union website
- University of Strathclyde Students' Association
- EDWARD VII LAYS FOUNDATION STONE (1903) (archive film of King Edward VII laying the foundation stone for the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College (University of Strathclyde) – from the National Library of Scotland: SCOTTISH SCREEN ARCHIVE)