|Motto||In luce tua videmus lucem (Latin)|
|Motto in English||In Thy light we see light|
|Endowment||$178 million (2013)1|
|President||Mark A. Heckler|
|Location||Valparaiso, Indiana, United States
|Campus||Suburban, 310 acres (125.5 ha)|
|Athletics||18 Division I NCAA teams|
|Colors||Brown and Gold
Valparaiso University, known colloquially as Valpo, is a regionally accredited3 private university located in Valparaiso, Indiana, United States. The university is a coed, four-year, private institution and enrolls more than 4,000 students from over 50 countries.
Covering 320 acres (130 ha), Valpo’s campus is positioned approximately one hour southeast of Chicago. The city of Valparaiso is part of the Chicago metropolitan area and has an approximate population of 31,000 residents.
Valpo consists of five undergraduate colleges, a graduate school, and a law school. It is the largest independent Lutheran university in the United States and is home to the second largest collegiate chapel in the world, The Chapel of the Resurrection.
Originally named Valparaiso Male and Female College, Valparaiso University was founded in 1859 as one of the first coeducation colleges in the United States. Due to reverses brought about by the Civil War, the college was forced to close its doors in 1871. Two years later it was revived by Henry Baker Brown, an educator, and was named Northern Indiana Normal School and Business Institute. At the turn of the 20th century, its name was changed to Valparaiso College, and shortly after it was rechartered as Valparaiso University. Initially founded by Methodists, the Lutheran University Association purchased the school in 1925 and continues to operate it today. 4
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Academics
- 4 Reputation
- 5 Student body
- 6 Athletics
- 7 Notable people
- 8 References
- 9 External links
|Valparaiso Male and Female College||Established||1859||Affiliation||Methodist|
|Closed||1871 to 1873|
|Northern Indiana Normal School and Business Institute||Acquired||1873||Affiliation||secular|
In 1859, citizens of Valparaiso were so supportive of the placement of the college that they raised $11,000 to encourage the Methodist Church to locate there. Students paid tuition of $8 a term (three terms per year), plus nearby room and board around $2 a week. Instruction at the college actually began with young children, and most of the students were in elementary and grade levels. Courses at the collegiate level included math, literature, history, the sciences, and philosophy. Courses stressing the Christian faith included “moral philosophy” and “moral science.” Due to the fallout of the Civil War, the school closed in 1871. At this time, most men (both students and administrative members) enrolled in the army. In 1867, the state passed a bill that provided state support for public education and the Methodists’ broad Indiana-wide efforts toward higher education meant that none of the schools were self-sustaining. The combination proved too much to overcome for the Male and Female College.
The school, reopened by Henry Baker Brown in 1873, was named the Northern Indiana Normal School and Business Institute. In 1900, the school was renamed Valparaiso College and gained its current university status after being rechartered in 1906. In 1905 the university formed an affiliation with Chicago College of Dental Surgery to provide dental education for its students. For the next two decades, Valpo gained a national reputation as an economical instuition of higher learning, earning its positive nickname The Poor Man’s Harvard. At the height of enrollment, it was the second largest school in the nation, behind only Harvard University. However, the aftermath of another conflict, World War I took its toll, and the school was forced into bankruptcy.5
In 1923, the Ku Klux Klan assembled a bid to purchase the university.6 At that time, the Pillar of Fire was publishing the pro-KKK monthly periodical The Good Citizen.7 They pledged to offer the university's appraised value of $175,000, expand it to the size of Purdue University, and devote the institution to the instilling of Americanism.8 However, in 1925 the Lutheran University Association outbid the Klan for the school's ownership. The association was a group of clergy and church laity that saw promise in the school and wished to create an academic institution not controlled by any church denomination. Valparaiso is still operated by the Lutheran University Association, and remains an independent Lutheran institution which enjoys close relations with the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod and Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
The Old Campus of Valparaiso University is both adjacent to and a part of the historic downtown district of the city. Old Campus is the site of the School of Law, which is made up of Wesemann Hall and Heritage Hall. Heritage was the oldest remaining building on the campus, and was put on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. In 2009, the school started a restoration project, essentially rebuilding the facility. The school's fraternities and the Kade-Duesenberg German House and Cultural Center are located on old campus as was the Martin Luther King, Jr., Cultural Center before acts of vandalism and arson destroyed the building in 2009.9 10 Old Campus is also the site of Valpo's Doppler weather radar. Located north of Old Campus is the College of Nursing, whose students use SIMMAN, a robotic patient simulator used to train students in real life treatment to better serve their education.
Beginning in the 1950s, the school expanded eastward to occupy what is now known as New Campus. Today it is the primary section of the university, home to thousands of students in nine dormitories and most of the academic buildings. At the center of campus is the Chapel of the Resurrection, a 98-foot (30 m) high building which is the home of Valparaiso University's many worship services and convocations. Built on the highest elevation of land on the university's campus, it has been a Northwest Indiana landmark since 1959.
The Neils Science Center was erected in 1974 and includes an astronomical observatory, greenhouse, and a now decommissioned sub-critical nuclear reactor which helped the facility receive an Atomic Energy Commission citation as a model undergraduate physics laboratory. The Christopher Center Library (built 2004) houses over 500,000 books and numerous video and audio resources. It is a popular place for students to gather and study. The Valparaiso University Center for the Arts (VUCA) offers multiple performance facilities, which are most notably used by students to produce full scale theatrical performances every year. The performances and exhibits in the Center for the Arts are always open to the public, and the Center houses the nationally renowned Brauer Museum of Art.
Kallay-Christopher Hall is home to the Department of Geography and Meteorology. Kallay-Christopher has an observation deck and large weather lab facilities. Adjoining Kallay-Christopher Hall is Schnabel Hall, which is home to communications students, WVUR-FM, the university's student-run radio station, and VUTV, the university's student-run television station.
The College of Engineering has both a 16-inch (406 mm) computerized reflecting telescope to aid in NASA research and VisBox-X2, a virtual reality system used to immerse students in a visualized three-dimensional image. An addition to Gellersen Hall, the College of Engineering's Donald V. Fites Innovations Center, was completed in the summer of 2011.
Most building projects at Valparaiso University are funded by gifts from alumni and friends of the institution. Notable among these is the 202,000-square-foot (18,800 m2), $74 million Harre Union, named in honor of University President Alan F. Harre, who retired in June 2008. It opened in January 2009, and is more than three times the size of the previous union. The Harre Union has consolidated all dining services on campus, with the exception of the law school. It has room for all student organizations on campus, as well as a new bookstore, lounge areas, student mailboxes for every student on campus, entertainment areas, a large ballroom, a moon bounce, a career center, and an outdoor terrace overlooking the Chapel. The design architect was Sasaki Associates, Inc. and the architect of record was Design Organization.
The 52,000-square-foot Arts and Sciences Building, located adjacent to the Christopher Center for Library and Information Resources, opened in 2012 and houses state-of-the-art classrooms and offices for faculty in the College of Arts and Sciences.
Two new structures, the Duesenberg Welcome Center and the James S. Markiewicz Solar Energy Research Facility, were dedicated in September 2013.11
Valparaiso is organized into five undergraduate colleges: Arts and Sciences, Business, Engineering, Nursing, and Christ College.
The College of Arts and Sciences is the most diverse of the undergraduate colleges. It is closely linked to the Christ College, Valpo’s honors college. The College of Arts and Sciences provides an education that integrates liberal arts and professional education. The college provides more than 70 academic programs in 21 departments. It provides the liberal arts core for all programs, including those in highly specialized fields. It offers internships and “hands-on” learning opportunities to compliment classroom activity. The College of Arts and Sciences provides opportunities for original research, joint projects with faculty, and the flexibility to major in multiple fields or creative an individualized major. 12
The College of Business is among the elite 25 percent of undergraduate business programs nationally accredited by the AACSB International — The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. The College of Business offers focused majors in accounting, finance, international business, management, and marketing. 13
Based on the 2013 U.S. News & World Report, the College of Engineering tied for 17th in the nation among 194 institutions in which the highest degree is a bachelor’s or master’s. The College of Engineering won the 2012 Engineering Award presented by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering. About 90 percent of undergraduates complete the program within four years. The college provides several service learning opportunities as well as undergraduate research opportunities. 14
Students enrolled in the College of Nursing receive a foundation in liberal arts and can explore a variety of cutting-edge topics in and out of the classroom. The Virtual Nursing Learning Center offers patient stations complete with interactive mannequins, beds and equipment simulating a hospital environment. The baccalaureate, master’s, and DNP programs at Valpo are accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education. 15
Christ College, commonly referred to as "CC", was chartered by President O.P. Kretzmann in 1967 as the Honors College of Valparaiso University. It is the successor to the Directed Studies Program, which was established to better serve the influx of gifted students to the institution. Roughly 80 students, or 10 percent of the class, are admitted each year. Students in the honors college are concurrently enrolled in one of other undergraduate colleges. The college provides immersion into the fields of history, literature, art, music, philosophy, religion, and social science. A student steering committee composed of upperclassmen guides the development of the program and a multitude of annual events. The most notable of these annual events are the Christ College Freshman Production and the Christ College Freshman Debates, held in the fall and spring, respectively. The Freshman Production is an original play or musical that is written, scored, choreographed, directed, produced, and performed exclusively by members of the Christ College freshman class.16 The Christ College Freshman Debates are a series of formal debates in which two groups of students represent either the affirmative or negative side of a topic they have researched for the previous five or six weeks; usually the topics relate to current events. When both sides have completed their arguments, the debate moderator asks the audience members to "vote their minds" and decide the winner of the debate.17 Another notable academic opportunity offered by Christ College is the Student Scholarship Symposium. The Student Scholarship Symposium features diverse, student selected research projects delivered in a critical and interactive environment. Students have the option to complete their study with either a major or minor in humanities to complement that received in their main field of study. Students in the college often spend a semester studying abroad at one of Valpo’s overseas study centers.
Valparaiso University offers a variety of master’s programs in Business, Chinese Studies, Education, English Studies and Communication, Information Technology, International Commerce, Policy, Liberal Studies, Nursing, Psychology/Counseling, International Economics and Finance, and Sports Administration.
Founded in 1879 the Law School was accredited by the ABA in 1929 and the AALS in 1930. In 2010, Valparaiso Law Students had an 83 percent first-time bar pass rate. The School enrolls more than 500 students. 18
Valparaiso offers 19 study-abroad programs around the world, Valpo’s four study centers (Cambridge, England; Reutlingen, Germany; Hangzhou, China; and San José, Costa Rica) provide group trips and excursions, a topics course on the life and culture of the host country, and specialized housing, all under the guidance of an on-site resident director. Other sites include Athens, Greece; Granada, Spain; Zaragoza, Spain; Cergy-Pointoise, France; La Rochelle, France; Paris, France; Rottenburg am Neckar, Germany; Tübingen, Germany; Chiang Mai, Thailand; Delhi, India; Coimbatore, India; Osaka, Japan; Viña Del Mar, Chile; Puebla, Mexico; and Windhoek, Namibia. 19
The University offers online degree opportunities that include a Master of Arts in Chinese Studies and a Post-MSN Doctorate in Nursing Practice. The accelerated degree programs are Web-based and allow versatile learning.
U.S. News & World Report named Valparaiso University as No. 4 in the Universities-Master's category for the Midwest in its annual rankings of "America's Best Colleges."20 It also ranked Valparaiso among the "Best College Values" based on a ratio of price to quality, and placed the College of Engineering in the nation's top 25 undergraduate-only engineering schools.21 Over ninety-five percent of graduates secure employment or further education (twenty-three percent) within six months. More than ninety percent of students receive financial aid totaling over fifty-two million dollars annually. Charity Navigator also gave the institution four out of four stars based on its organizational efficiency and capacity.22
Valparaiso is a growing school that works to uphold the benefits of an intimate education. Most first-year undergraduate students take a year of Core, an interdisciplinary course rooted in liberal arts and focused on understanding the purpose and fulfillment of human life. About a tenth of incoming freshmen alternatively participate in the freshman program of Christ College. Students are also subject to an honor system originally implemented by the students themselves in 1943 which remains in effect today. Each January, the school holds a week of Martin Luther King Jr. events as a major annual event and invites provocative keynote speakers.
Valparaiso University Students are from geographically diverse backgrounds. Of the 4,000 students, only one-third is from the school’s home state of Indiana. The remaining two-thirds come from almost every other state of the United States and from nearly 50 countries. Over two-thirds graduate in the top quarter of their high school class and 83 percent return to Valpo after their freshman year. Annually, more than $26 million is awarded by the university to more than 80 percent of the student body, which is administered based on factors such as community involvement, interests, recommendations, and personality, as well as grade point average, class ranking, and standardized test scores.
Sixty-one percent of Valparaiso University students live on the school’s city campus, as University regulations require nearly all students who do not have senior status to live in residence halls. Twenty-seven percent of students are Lutheran, and 75 percent participate in faith-related activities. Valpo supports more than 100 student-administered organizations, clubs, and activities. Fifty percent of students participate in intramural athletics, and more than 1,000 students give more than 45,000 hours of community service to the region annually.
More than 25 percent of Valpo students are members of one of the school's eight national fraternities or seven national sororities. The entire Greek Life community is coordinated by the fraternities' Interfraternity Council and sororities in the Panhellenic Council. Many of the fraternities were local until the 1950s when they were accepted as chapters into national and international fraternities. However, the sororities were local and had no national affiliation until 1998.
- Lambda Chi Alpha
- Sigma Pi
- Sigma Phi Epsilon
- Sigma Chi
- Phi Kappa Psi
- Phi Sigma Kappa
- Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia
- Phi Delta Theta
Valparaiso hosts chapters of all major honors fraternities, including Mortar Board National College Senior Honor Society.
Valparaiso University has a detailed history of student activism.
- Kinsey Hall fire
While many colleges either amended or canceled the remainder of the 1969-1970 school year following the Kent State shootings due to unrest, the Valparaiso administration ignored student calls for a series of seminars and forums about violence at other campuses. A large group of students then organized a protest march from the campus Victory Bell to the Porter County courthouse. Continued protests led to discussions between the administration and student leaders. When these talks failed, a group of still-unidentified students set fire to the empty Kinsey Hall administrative building in the early morning. The aftermath of the fire left Kinsey Hall destroyed.
- Venture of faith
The existence of Valparaiso University's current College of Engineering is the result of student activism. The university's engineering program had been reduced to a two-year associate's degree in response to reduced enrollment during economic depression which dominated the 1930s. When students began inquiring in 1948 regarding the possibility of restoring a four-year degree program, the current university president, O.P. Kretzmann, cited a lack of space and lack of resources to build a new facility. Students responded with an offer to build the new facility if he would guarantee faculty positions, to which the President agreed.23 The students constructed the facility themselves using their engineering education and an intense fundraising campaign, and by 1951 the new College of Engineering was again granting four-year bachelor degrees. The building still exists today, home to the Art department. This story received national attention and was turned into a feature-length film entitled Venture of Faith.24
- Burning of the shanty
During the 1988-1989 school year, a mock shanty town was erected on campus to show solidarity with victims of apartheid in South Africa. Mike Weber and Phil Churilla, two columnists for VU's student newspaper The Torch, wrote a column critical of the protest due to student use of portable CD players, wool blankets and packaged food in the shanties. A few days later the shanty town burned down and a culprit was never found.
Valpo's colors are brown and gold and the school's mascot is the Crusader. Most athletic events are held in the Athletics-Recreation Center (ARC), which is the primary sporting facility on campus. Valparaiso's eighteen teams and nearly 600 student athletes participate in NCAA Division I (I-FCS for football) in the Horizon League, except for football, in which they compete in the Pioneer Football League (the Horizon League does not sponsor football) and play at Brown Field. The school is known for its well rounded athletes as 98% successfully graduate, which ties Valparaiso with the University of Notre Dame for the third highest graduation rate in the country. Valpo is also known for its men's basketball head coach Homer Drew and his son Bryce Drew, who led the team to its Sweet Sixteen appearance in the 1998 NCAA basketball tournament by making "The Shot", a three-point shot as time expired to beat favored Ole Miss by one point. Bryce Drew was named head coach in the spring of 2011.25 Valparaiso is also the home of the National Lutheran Basketball Tournament.26 Recently the Crusader men's soccer team has been successful, winning the Horizon League regular season in 2011. Head coach Mike Avery was named Horizon League Coach of the Year, Stefan Antonijevic was named the league's Defensive Player of the Year, and Kyle Zobeck was honored as Horizon League Goalkeeper of the Year. Sophomore Charles Barden led the team in 2011 with four goals.
The 2011-2012 season was a banner campaign for Crusader athletics. The men's soccer team started the year off capturing the school's first Horizon League title in any sport. Men's basketball followed with a Horizon League crown of its own while the baseball and softball teams both won regular season and Horizon League Tournament titles, representing the conference in the NCAA Tournament. In addition, the Crusader bowling team earned a berth at the NCAA Championships in just its third season of existence.
In the spring of 2013 the Men's golf team won the Horizon League Championship hosted by The Mission Inn golf course at Howey-In-The-Hills, Florida. The win propelled the team to the NCAA Tournament.
- Gilbert Meilaender, theology; member of The President's Council on Bioethics
- Peter Venturelli, Sociology; author of multiple textbooks regarding drug use in society
- Walter Wangerin, Jr. English and theology; National Book Award winning author of The Book of the Dun Cow
- R.J.Q. Adams, M.A. 1969, historian
- Roy E. Ayers, member of the United States House of Representatives and as the 11th Governor of Montana27
- Chris Bauman, CEO of FanFound and well known activist for independent music
- Frederick M. Bernthal, Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs from 1988 to 1990
- Anthony Bimba (1894-1982), Lithuanian-American Communist historian and newspaper editor28
- Beulah Bondi, actress
- Mikhail Borodin, Soviet and Comintern representative to China
- John E. Cashman, Wisconsin State Senator
- JoBe Cerny, owner, Cerny/American Creative, well-known character actor, voice of the Pillsbury Doughboy
- Paul Chambers, CNN anchor/film critic
- Patrick Roger Cleary, founder of Cleary University
- Jay Christopher, cofounder of The Pampered Chef
- Thurman C. Crook, a United States Representative from Indiana29
- Andre "Add-2" Daniels, rapper
- Bryce Drew, former NBA player30
- Paul Eggers, Texas Republican gubernatorial nominee, 1968 and 1970; Distinguished Alumnus, 1978
- Michael Essany, television talk show host
- Don Fites, chairman and CEO (ret.), Caterpillar Inc.
- Ginger Zee, meteorologist, Good Morning America Weekend Edition
- Edward Grassman, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- Erik Hromadka, chairman and CEO, GWTR, http://www.gwtr.com/about_executive.php
- Walter Hunt, Wisconsin State Senator
- Samuel B. Huston, former attorney and state legislator in Oregon
- Barbara Ann Kipfer, prolific linguist and lexicographer
- Keith Kizer, executive director, Nevada State Athletic Commission 
- Edgar E. Lien, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- John Lutz, actor, "30 Rock;" writer, "Saturday Night Live"
- Jacki Lyden, a senior correspondent at NPR and author of Daughter of the Queen of Sheba
- William March, novelist, Company K, The Bad Seed
- Lloyd McClendon, former MLB player and manager, current hitting coach for the Detroit Tigers31
- Craig McKenzie, sports and entertainment agent
- George William Norris, United States Senator from Nebraska and father of the Tennessee Valley Authority32
- Eugene E. Parker, sports attorney
- Rebecca R. Pallmeyer, United States federal judge
- Caleb Powers, United States Representative from Kentucky and the first Secretary of State of Kentucky convicted as an accessory to murder33
- David Ruprecht, host, Supermarket Sweep, Real People
- James Monroe Smith, president of Louisiana State University, 1930–1939
- Ray Scherer,a former Vice-President of RCA, the parent company of NBC, where he had been White House correspondent for over 20 years. He covered six presidents, from Harry Truman to Gerald Ford, with the exception of 1969-1973 when he was the network's London correspondent. He also covered Congress and the Pentagon. Scherer was the keynote speaker at V.U.'s 100th commencement when he received an honorary Ph.D. He was a 1976 inductee to the Indiana Journalism Hall of Fame.
- Len Small, 26th Governor of Illinois34
- Rene Steinke, novelist, The Fires, Holy Skirts
- Donald Edgar Tewes, United States Representative from Wisconsin35
- Lowell Thomas, author of over 50 books, a war correspondent during WWI who made T.E. Lawrence [Lawrence of Arabia] internationally famous in print and by filming him. Thomas was a pioneer in television--he anchored the first American television newscast on February 21,1940 for NBC, but favored radio where had a four-decade long career with CBS, except for a two-year period with NBC. He was famous as a world traveler and took his radio show with him, and had a huge circle of friends ranging from Franklin Roosevelt to the Dalai Lama. Thomas also narrated Fox Movietone newsreels from 1935 to 1952. He was a member of the Explorers Club, which named an award after him, as well as its headquarters building in New York City. The Lowell Thomas Award honors men and women who have distinguished themselves in the field of Exploration. Past recipients include Sir Edmund Hillary, as well as astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Mary Cleave. President Gerald Ford presented Thomas with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1976. Thomas was also very successful in a gamut of major business ventures.
- Jill Long Thompson, United States Representative from Indiana 1989-1995, Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development 1995-2001, 2010 Presidential appointee to board overseeing the federal Farm Credit Administration.36
- Frederick "Fuzzy" Thurston, All-pro guard for the Green Bay Packers, 1959–67
- Jim Wacker, former football coach at the University of Minnesota
- Otis Wingo, U.S. representative from Arkansas's 4th congressional district, 1913–193037
- Lowell Yerex, aviation entrepreneur
- Lucas Phillips, Kid in the red shirt from the "Crazy Frog Bros" Video
- W.P. Johnson, 1900 Democratic candidate for Iowa Superintendent of Education
- "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2013 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2012 to FY 2013" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers. January 23, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
- Valparaiso University Quick Facts
- Kaplan, Inc. (2008). Kaplan College Guide 2009 Edition. Kaplan Publishing. p. 171. ISBN 1-4277-9750-1.
- Valpo Magazine. 150th Anniversary Edition. Pp. 13-41. Valparaiso, IN: 2008.
- "Klan Buys College Close to Princeton". The Harvard Crimson. October 31, 1923. Retrieved 2009-07-06. "Alma College is the second institution in the north avowedly run by the Ku Klux Klan to further its aims and principles. The other is Valparaiso University at Valparaiso, Indiana, near Chicago, which was purchased outright by the Klan several months ago."
- "The Ku Klux Klan’s invasion of Indiana in the 1920s". The Rochester Sentinel. Archived from the original on 2005-09-21. Retrieved 2006-01-25.
- Kosky, Ken. "It's the Law: Arson Is Considered Serious Crime". NWI Times. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- Times staff. "Top Stories of 2009". NWI Times. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "Reflect the Crusader Light". Valparaiso University. 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-12-19.
- "Christ College Freshman Production". Valparaiso University- Christ College. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Freshman Debates". Valparaiso University- Christ College. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "America's Best Colleges 2012". U.S. News & World Report.
- "Magazine again cites Valpo for excellence, value". Valparaiso University. Retrieved 2006-05-01.
- "Valparaiso University". Charity Navigator. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
- Sports Illustrated - Bryce Drew replacing father Homer at Valparaiso (2011)
- LBAA, Lutheran Basketball Association of America. "LBAA History". Lutheran Basketball Association of America. CMW Consulting. Retrieved 2/6/2013.
- "Montana Governor Roy Elmer Ayers". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- William Wolkovich, Bay State "Blue" Laws and Bimba: A Documentary Study of the Anthony Bimba Trial for Blasphemy and Sedition in Brockton, Massachusetts, 1926. Brockton, MA: Forum Press, n.d. ; pg. 33.
- "Thurman C. Crook". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- "Bryce Homer Drew". Basketball-Reference.Com. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "Lloyd McClendon Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "George William Norris". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- "Caleb Powers". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- "Illinois Governor Lennington Small". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "Donald Edgar Tewes". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- "Jill Long Thompson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- "Otis Wingo". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- Official Valparaiso University Website
- Official Valparaiso University Athletics Website
- Campus maps, directions, and virtual tour
- Alumni Association
- Valparaiso University News and Events
- Valparaiso University profile from National Center for Education Statistics