|Province of Turkey|
|• Total||19,069 km2 (7,363 sq mi)|
|• Density||54/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|Per capita income||5,933 TL (74th; 2011)3|
Van province is divided into 12 districts:
- Van (Central district. In 2014 it will be split into two districts; Tuşpa and İpekyolu.)
This area was the heartland of Armenians, who lived in these areas from the time of Hayk in the 3rd millennium BCE right up to the late 19th century when the Ottoman Empire seized all the land from the natives.4 In the 9th century BC the Van area was the center of the Urartian kingdom.5 The area was a major Armenian population center. The region came under the control of the Armenian Orontids in the 7th century BC and later Persians in the mid-6th century BC. By the early 2nd century BC it was part of the Kingdom of Armenia. It became an important center during the reign of the Armenian king, Tigranes II, who founded the city of Tigranakert in the 1st century BC.6 This region was ruled by the Arsacid Dynasty of Armenia before the 4th century AD. In 908-1021 it was a central part of Armenian Kingdom of Vaspurakan, then it joined the Byzantine Empire. With the Seljuq victory at the Battle of Malazgirt in 1071, just north of Lake Van , it became a part of Seljuq Empire and later the Ottoman Empire.
Çavuştepe / Haykaberd
The Armenian Monastery of Narek (10th century)
Varagavank Armenian monastery (11th century)
The Armenian Monastery of Saint Bartholomew (13th century)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Van Province.|
- Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
- Area codes page of Turkish Telecom website (Turkish)
- "İşte Türkiye'nin en zengin illeri" [Here is the richest provinces of Turkey]. Kuzey Ekspres Gazetesi (in Turkish). 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2013-03-01.
- Hofmann (ed.), Tessa (2004). Verfolgung, Vertreibung und Vernichtung der Christen im Osmanischen Reich 1912-1922 [Persecution, Expulsion and Annihilation of the Christian Population in the Ottoman Empire 1912-1922]. Münster: LIT. ISBN 3-8258-7823-6.
- European History in a World Perspective - Page 68 by Shepard Bancroft Clough
- The Journal of Roman Studies – Page 124 by Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies
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