Venezuelan people

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Venezuelans
Venezolanos

Venezuelans.png 1st row: Francisco de Miranda, Simón Bolívar, Simón Rodríguez, José Antonio Páez
2nd row: Rómulo Gallegos, Humberto Fernández Morán, Reynaldo Armas, Teresa Carreño

3rd row: Édgar Ramírez, Dayana Mendoza, Gustavo Dudamel, Bobby Abreu
Total population
World
±30,000,000
Regions with significant populations
Venezuela Venezuela: 27,800,000
United States United States 220,000 - 500,0001
Colombia Colombia 250,0002
Spain Spain 150,000 - 200,000
Italy Italy 150,0003
Portugal Portugal 100,0003
Canada Canada 8,035 -30,0004
France France 30,0003
Panama Panama 24,0003
Germany Germany 20,0003
Syria Syria 20,0005
Mexico Mexico 17,0003
England England 15,0003
Cuba Cuba 15,0003
Australia Australia 10,0003
Brazil Brazil 7,0003
Argentina Argentina 6,0003
Republic of Ireland Ireland 5,0003
Chile Chile 4,0003
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 3,0003
Peru Peru 3,0003
Costa Rica Costa Rica 3,0003
Ecuador Ecuador 3,0003
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 2,5003
New Zealand New Zealand 2,0003
Bolivia Bolivia 2,0003
Netherlands Netherlands 1,0003
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 1,0003
Uruguay Uruguay 1,0003
Poland Poland 606
Languages
Spanish and other native languages.
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic, small minorities of other religions. Native people are mainly animist.

Venezuelan people are from a multiethnic nation in South America called Venezuela. Venezuelans are predominantly Roman Catholic and speak Spanish. The majority of Venezuelans are the result of a mixture of Europeans, Africans, and Amerindians (49,9% of the population are Mestizos) and 42.2% are white of European ancestry.

Demography

The population of approximately 28 million people (in 20067) made Venezuela the sixth-most populous country in Latin America (after Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, and Peru).

More than ninety percent of the Venezuelans live in urban areas – a figure significantly higher than the world average. The literacy rate (98 percent) in Venezuela is also well above the world average, and the rate of population growth slightly exceeds the world average. A large proportion of Venezuelans are young, largely because of recent decreases in the infant mortality rate. While 30 percent of the people are 14 years of age or younger, just 4 percent are aged 65 or older.

Ethnic groups

The country has a diverse population that reflects its colourful history and the peoples that have populated here from ancient times to the present. The historic amalgam of the different main groups forms the basics of Venezuela's current demographics: European immigrants, Amerindian peoples, Africans, Asians, Middle Easterners and other recent immigrants.

Many of the indigenous peoples were absorbed into the mestizo population, but the remaining 500,000 currently represent over eighty-five distinct cultures. The European immigrants were primarily Spanish colonists, but a high number of other Europeans brought by the past high growth (Portuguese, Italian, German, also many North Americans) migrated to the region in the middle 20th century by the Petroleum Growth, and in smaller numbers French, English and Polish communities immigrated during the Second World War and the Cold War.

Black Africans were brought as slaves, mostly to the coastal lowlands, beginning early in the 16th century, and continuing into the 19th century. Other immigrant populations include Asians and Middle Easterners, particularly Lebanese, Syrians, and Chinese.

About 49.9% of the population is mestizo, or of mixed European, African, and Amerindian ancestry, while 42.2% are white of European ancestry and/or Middle Eastern ancestry. Another 3.5% is black, or of mixed black African and European ancestry, while 2.7% is of Amerindian ancestry, and 1.1% other races ( principally Asian people).

In cities like Caracas, Maracaibo, Maracay, Valencia, Lecheria, Cabudare, Colonia Tovar, Punto Fijo, Porlamar-La Asunción, and the Andean States is concentrated the majority of the Europeans (mainly Spanish, Italians, Portuguese) and their descendants, emigrated in Venezuela after World War II 8

Pure indigenous Amerindians comprise 1 percent of the population.9 There are 101 languages listed for Venezuela in the Ethnologue database, of which 80 are spoken today as living languages.

Indigenous peoples

Before the Spanish colonization of the region that would become the country of Venezuela, the territory was the home to many different indigenous peoples. Today more than fifty different indigenous ethnic groups inhabit Venezuela. Most of them speak languages belonging to the Chibchan, Arawakan and Cariban languages families.

Religion

The National Institute for Statistics (INE) does not collect religious statistics, and accurate reports are hard to obtain. Based on various studies, more than 95% of the population adheres to Christianity,10 in which a huge segment of the population, between 81% and 90%, practices Roman Catholicism. About 1% of Venezuelans practice indigenous religions.

Under 1% practice Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Despite strong numbers of adherents, around 60% of respondents to a poll by El Tiempo report that they do not practice their faith actively.11

See also

References








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