Victory Day is a common name of many different public holidays in various countries to commemorate victories in important battles or wars in the countries' history.
- 1 January 7 in Cambodia
- 2 April 30 in Vietnam
- 3 May 7 in Vietnam
- 4 May 8 in Europe
- 5 May 9 in the former Soviet Union
- 6 May 18 in Sri Lanka
- 7 June 23 in Estonia
- 8 July 27 in North Korea
- 9 August 5 in Croatia
- 10 August 30 in Turkey
- 11 September 7 in Mozambique
- 12 September 8 in Malta
- 13 September 8 in Pakistan
- 14 December 16 in Bangladesh
- 15 December 16 in India
- 16 Victory Day in other countries
- 17 Other observances
- 18 See also
- 19 References
- 20 External links
April 30 is an annual holiday in Vietnam to commemorate the fall of Saigon in 1975 at the end of the Vietnam War. It is commonly known as y Day (Ngày Chiến thắng), Reunification Day (Ngày Thống nhất), or Liberation Day (Ngày Giải phóng).
In Vietnam, May 7, 1954 marks the victory of Vietnam over French forces at the battle of Dien Bien Phu. This victory ended 80 years of French colonization and began the time of independence for Vietnam.
Victory Day marks the end of World War 2 in Europe, specifically the capitulation of Nazi forces to the Allies (the United Kingdom, Canada, Soviet Union, France, the United States and other principal Allied nations) on May 8, 1945. The British Channel Islands were not liberated from German Occupation until May 9 (Jersey and Guernsey), May 10 (Sark), and May 16 (Alderney).
In Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Belarus and other countries of the former Soviet Union, the day of Victory over Nazi Germany was celebrated on May 9. When the German Instrument of Surrender actually entered into force in the West (May 8, 1945 at 23:01 CET) a similar but entirely separate document had not been signed with the Soviet Union, and it was not signed until the following day. Some post-Soviet countries, most notably the Russian Federation, have continued the tradition. Serbia celebrates May 9 as a national holiday as well. Although not a member of the Warsaw Pact, it was allied with the Soviet Union as a member of the Yugoslav Federation, and it was occupied by German forces from 1941 to 1944. In many cities people gather on the main square with the Serbian army to celebrate the anniversary with war veterans.
Võidupüha or Victory Day is a public holiday in Estonia, which has been celebrated on 23 June every year since 1934. The date recalls the victory in the 1919 Battle of Võnnu (near Cēsis, Latvia) of the Estonian military forces (and Latvian North brigade) and their allies over German forces (Baltische Landeswehr) who sought to re-assert Baltic-German control over the region. The battle was part of the 1918-1920 Estonian War of Independence, where the main adversary of the newly independent Estonia was Communist Russia. Today, Võidupüha also marks the contributions of all Estonian nations in their fight to regain and retain their independence.
Estonian celebration of June 23 is ceremonially tied to the following Midsummer Day celebrations on June 24. According to Estonian laws, the state flags are not to be lowered during the night between the days.
Croatia celebrates the Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day and the Day of Croatian defenders on August 5, commemorating the Croatian War of Independence, specifically the liberation of Knin on August 5, 1995.
Victory Day (local name: Zafer Bayramı) on August 30 is a national holiday in Turkey to commemorate the victory in the Battle of Dumlupınar, the one of the final battles and the most decisive one in the Turkish War of Independence in 1922.
Victory Day on September 7 is a national holiday in Mozambique to commemorate the signing of the agreement to end the Mozambican War of Independence. The agreement was signed between Portugal and Mozambique in 1974, with independence granted in 1975.
In Portuguese, the official language of Mozambique, the holiday is known as Dia da Vitória.
Victory Day on September 8 is a national holiday in Malta to commemorate the victory of the Knights Hospitaller over the Ottoman Turks in the Great Siege of 1565, as well as the capitulation of Italy in 1943, turning against its former Nazi German ally during World War II thus ending the Second Siege of Malta.
The traditional regatta featuring boat races in the Grand Harbour is also held on this day.
Victory Day on December 16 is a national holiday in Bangladesh to commemorate the surrender of Pakistani forces to allied Indian and Bangladeshi forces in the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. In India, the day is primarily of military significance. This holiday is known as Bijoy Dibosh (বিজয় দিবস) in Bangladesh.
Vijay Diwas (Victory Day) is also commemorated every 16 December in India as it marks its military victory over Pakistan in 1971 during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, who were alliance of Bangladesh Mukti Bahini.
There is also a Victory Day in Egypt on October 6th commemorating the October War when Egypt took back part of its country from Israel in 1973, as well as a Victory Day on 23 December, which commemorates the end of Tripartite Aggression on that date in 1956, and a Victory Day in Angola on March 27. France celebrates it on May 8, to commemorate the German surrender in 1945 (Russia celebrates this on May 9). Italy celebrates Victory Day on November 4, commemorating victory over Austria-Hungary in World War I. Kargil vijay diwas (Kargil Victory Day) commemorates the 1999 Kargil War between India And Pakistan. Cambodian people celebrate their victory over Khmer Rouge on January 7.
Victory Day is usually observed in Hawaii and Rhode Island on the second Monday of August. It celebrates the conclusion of World War II, see also Victory over Japan Day. It was a nationally recognized holiday, but it has since been removed because of the nature of the war's ending (i.e. dropping the atomic bomb on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945). Rhode Island retains the holiday in tribute to the disproportionate number of sailors it sent and lost in the Pacific front.
- Victory over Japan Day
- November 11: Remembrance Day, Veterans Day, Armistice Day
- Liberation Day: List of dates on which countries were liberated from occupiers