Vietnamese people in Russia

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Vietnamese people in Russia
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Moscow, Vladivostok, Saint Petersburg, and other large cities2
Vietnamese, Russian3
Mahayana Buddhism 45
Related ethnic groups
Vietnamese people

Vietnamese people in Russia form the 72nd-largest ethnic minority community in Russia according to the 2002 census. With only 26,205 individuals, they are one of the smaller groups of overseas Vietnamese.16 However, unofficial estimates put their population as high as 100,000 to 150,000.7 Almost two-thirds reside in Moscow, concentrated in the southern part of the city, near the Akademicheskaya Metro station, where authorities have erected a statue of Ho Chi Minh.18 Other large communities can be found in Vladivostok and Saint Petersburg, though the community in Moscow is the most well-established and has the highest proportion of long-term residents (those who have been living there for more than 5 years).2 Assessments of their proficiency in the Russian language vary as well; the Census recorded that roughly 80% could speak Russian, while one article in Vietnamese state-run media claimed that "many Vietnamese find it unnecessary to learn Russian. In fact, many hardly speak the language at all."13 The Census also recorded that virtually all can speak Vietnamese.9

Most Vietnamese people in Russia are entrepreneurs in the retail industry; with Russia's 2007 reform of rules for retail markets, which put restrictions on the proportion of immigrant-owned shops and require Russian-language proficiency examinations as a condition of being granted a work permit and a business licence, many Vietnamese will have to close their businesses and find other lines of work, probably as manual labourers.3 Students also form another important group; Ho Chi Minh himself studied in Moscow in the 1920s, along with other senior members of the Communist Party of Vietnam.10 They were followed by an estimated total of 50,000 Vietnamese who studied in Russia during the Cold War.11 Academic exchange between the two countries continued even after the dissolution of the Soviet Union; as of 2006, roughly 4,000 Vietnamese students were studying in Russian universities; the Russian government provides scholarships to 160 of them.12 Notable Vietnamese students who have studied in Russia since the dissolution of the Soviet Union include Quynh Nguyen, a pianist from Hanoi who received a scholarshop to Moscow's Gnessin State Musical College.13

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "Население по национальности и владению русским языком по субъектам Российской Федерации" (Microsoft Excel) (in Russian). Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 
  2. ^ a b Mazirin, V.M. (2004). "Вьетнамцы в России: образ жизни, проблемы, перспективы (Vietnamese in Russia: ways of living, problems, perspectives)" (PDF). Индокитай: тенденции развития (Indochina: Trends in development) (in Russian). Moscow, Russia: Institute of Asian and African Studies, Moscow State University. pp. 159–179. 
  3. ^ a b c "Vietnamese in Russia waiting to be examined". VietnamNet Bridge. 2006-12-18. Archived from the original on 2007-01-11. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  4. ^ "Vietnamese Buddhist associations in Russia". World Buddhist Directory. Buddha Dharma Education Association. 2006. Retrieved 2009-04-16. 
  5. ^ "Đạo tràng Phật tích Moscow mừng Đại lễ Phật đản", Voice of Vietnam, 2012-05-26, retrieved 2013-07-22 
  6. ^ "Cộng đồng người Việt Nam ở nước ngoài" (in Vietnamese). Quê Hương. 2005-03-09. Archived from the original on 2006-12-24. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  7. ^ Blagov, Sergei (2000-02-08). "Russian rhetoric fails to boost business". Asia Times. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  8. ^ Vo Hoai Nam (2007-02-22). "Feeling warm by Uncle Ho's statue in Moscow". Retrieved 2007-02-22. dead link
  9. ^ "Владение языками (кроме русского) населением отдельных национальностей по республикам, автономной области и автономным округам Российской Федерации" (Microsoft Excel) (in Russian). Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 
  10. ^ Quinn-Judge, Sophie (2002). Ho Chi Minh: The Missing Years: 1919-1941. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-658-4.  (Page 125)
  11. ^ "Visit to Vietnam pays dividends for Putin". The Jamestown Foundation Monitor 7 (44). 2001-03-05. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  12. ^ "Russia and Vietnam relations to become more steady". Communist Party of Vietnam Online Newspaper. 2006-06-09. Retrieved 2007-02-22. dead link
  13. ^ "Pianist Quynh Nguyen: Hãy nhớ tên cô" (in Vietnamese). VietNamNet. 2006-09-17. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 

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