|First air date||October 2, 19571|
|Format||Public radio, music radio, Entertainment, Variety|
|Owner||All India Radio|
The Vividh Bharati (Hindi: विविध भारती) Service of All India Radio was conceptualized to combat Radio Ceylon in 1957.2 Within no time it proved to be a popular channel of every household. Vividh Bharati radio channel was launched on October 2, 1957. The service provides entertainment for nearly 15 to 17 hours a day. It presents a mix of film music, skits, short plays and interactive programmes, Some of the old popular programmes of Vividh Bharati are 'Sangeet Sarita', 'Bhule Bisre Geet', Hawa Mahal, 'Jaimala', 'Inse Miliye', 'Chhaya Geet' etc., are still distinctly recognized by the listeners. From time to time new programmes were introduced like 'Biscope Ke Batein', 'Sargam Ke Sitare', 'Celluloid Ke Sitare', 'Sehatnama', &' Hello Farmaish'.
All these programmes are produced centrally at Vividh Bharati Service, Borivili, Mumbai and up-linked to the satellite. 40 Vividh Bharati stations across the country down-linked these programmes through captive earth stations provided at each of these AIR stations. Some local programme windows are also provided at these stations to give regional flavour to the listeners. These 40 Vividh Bharati stations are known as Commercial Broadcasting Service Stations and are located at all major and commercially vibrant cities covering 97% of the Indian population.
Over the years a number prominent people from Hindi cinema have lent their voice to the channel, including, Lata Mangeshkar and actors Raaj Kumar and Amitabh Bachchan, who worked as a radio broadcaster in his early career, many celebrities take part in the popular show Vishesh Jaimala to encourage Indian Army and BSF soldiers. Today its archives which started the record of film, Yehudi Ki Beti in 1933, has 22,000 ghazals, geets and Hindi film songs.3 The station celebrated its golden anniversary on October 2, 2007.4
Commercials were introduced initially in the Vividh Bharati Service in 1967 on an experimental basis. Realising the role of advertising in accelerating the social and material progress of the country, commercials were extended to Primary channels including FM & Local Radio Stations MW 1KW in a phased manner. Advertising on Radio is not only cost effective to the advertisers but also has the potential to reach far flung areas where no other mass media has succeeded in making any tangible dent.
In 1999 Vividh Bharati Service proved its success connecting Indian Soldiers posted on remote border areas to their family members through a special programme entitled "Hello Kargil" (during Kargil War), through which not only the family members of the soldiers, but even a layman including young and old conveyed their best wishes to the soldiers to keep up their morale. Eminent actors, play back singers, renowned writers, lyricists, directors and music directors have found way to express their experience and opinion through the Vividh Bharati Platform . A special programme entitled "Ujaale Unki Yaadon Ke" takes the listeners into the world of nostalgia dipping into the memories of the artists of the yester years. With the advent of new technology the transmission of programmes gradually migrated from earlier medium wave transmission to high quality digital stereo FM.
This service now enjoys global listenership through Direct to Home Service (DTH) besides other 11 channels of All India Radio.
AIR had been receiving advertisements through its registered agencies only. With the changing demand of the environment, direct clients are also entertained by all AIR stations. In remote and far flung areas, canvassers are appointed for bringing in local business. There are 15 main CBS Stations, located in each state capital responsible for booking for their entire state. Besides there is a Central Sales Unit called as CSU at Mumbai meant for booking for more than one state. A single window booking facility is available in CSU to facilitate bulk booking with a single contract. Further details of CSU are available at their website" www.csuair.org.in".
- Hawa Mahal
- Sangeet Sarita
- Bhule Bisre Geet
- Binaca Geetmala
- Jaimala and Vishesh Jaimala
- Inse Miliye
- Chhaya Geet
- Biscope Ke Batein
- Sargam Ke Sitare
- Celluloid Ke Sitare
- Hello Farmaish
- Sakhi Saheli
- Hello Saheli
- Youth Express
- Ek hi film se
- Eka Chitra Geetalu - Telugu songs (4-5) from one film
- Harivillu - Programme on a specific topic using Telugu film songs
- Hello F.M. - Live Phone-in programme on Telugu film songs
- Janaranjani - Telugu film songs on popular demand
- Aggarwal, Anu D. (1984-10-15). "A Shift Towards Television" (in English). Industrial Times. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
- Vividh Bharati and Commercial Service All India Radio.
- "Go gaga with Vividh Bharati's golden year". CNN-IBN. Oct 03, 2007.
- "Vividh Bharati: Connecting a nation with music and memories for 50 yrs". Indian Express. Oct 03, 2007.