Voiced alveolar affricate

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Voiced alveolar sibilant affricate

Voiced alveolar sibilant affricate
d͡z
d͜z
IPA number 104 133
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ʣ
Unicode (hex) U+02A3
X-SAMPA dz
Kirshenbaum dz
Sound

The voiced alveolar sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The sound is transcribed in the International Phonetic Alphabet with d͡z or d͜z (formerly ʣ).

Features

Features of the voiced alveolar sibilant affricate:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz аӡы [ɑˈd͡zɨ] 'water' See Abkhaz phonology
Adyghe дзэлӀы About this sound [d͡zaɬʼə]  'soldier'
Albanian xehe [d͡zɛhɛ] 'mineral'
Arabic Najdi قـليب [d͡zɛ̝lib] 'well' corresponds to /q/, /ɡ/, or /dʒ/ in other dialects.
Armenian Western ծակ [d͡zɑɡ] 'hole'
Azerbaijani some Western dialects Cəbrayıl [d͡zæbɾɑˈjɯɫ] 'Jibra'il' Corresponds to /d͡ʒ/ or /ɟ/ in other dialects.
Berber Kabyle Layer [ld͡zajər] 'Algeria'
Catalan1 dotze [ˈd̪odd͡zə] 'twelve' See Catalan phonology
French Quebec samedi [samd͡zi] 'Saturday' Allophone of /d/ before /i/ and /y/. See Quebec French phonology
Georgian2 ვალი [d͡zvɑli] 'bone'
Greek τζάμι [ˈd͡zami] 'window pane'
Hebrew תזונה [d͡zuna] 'nutrition' See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hungarian bodza [bod͡zːɒ] 'elderberry' See Hungarian phonology
Iu Mien nzoc [d͡zò] 'drum'
Japanese mizu [mʲiˈdzu͍] 'water' Some speakers. See Japanese phonology
Kabardian дзын [d͡zən] 'to throw'
Ngwe Nwametaw dialect [mə̀d͡zə̀] 'path'
Occitan Rhodanien Provençal joine [ˈd͡zujne] 'young'
Pashto پنځه [pind͡zə] 'five'
Portuguese3 European, northern dezasseis [d͡zɐˈs̺ejs̺] 'sixteen' Apart from a few loanwords, occurs as a result of vowel elision leading to sandhi. See Portuguese phonology
European, central-southern [d͡zɐˈsɐjʃ]
Brazilian dezessete [d͡ze̞ˈsɛt͡ʃɪ] 'seventeen'
Northern Qiang  ? [ɣd͡zə] 'rabbit'
Slovak sadzba [ˈsäd͡zbä] 'tariff'
Ubykh [məˈdza] 'light' See Ubykh phonology
West Frisian widze [ˈʋɪd͡zǝ] 'cradle'
Yi /zzy [d͡zɪ˧] 'ride'

Voiced alveolar fronted sibilant affricate

Voiced alveolar fronted sibilant affricate
d̪͡z̪
d͡z̪
d̟͡z̟
d͡z̟
Sound

The voiced alveolar fronted sibilant affricate (commonly called voiced dental sibilant affricate) is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. In the International Phonetic Alphabet it's commonly represented as d̪͡z̪ and d͡z̪, combinations of the letter for the voiced alveolar sibilant affricate and a diacritic (or two) indicating dental articulation. However, teeth actively participate in the articulation only in case of the stop component, which is laminal denti-alveolar. The fricative component, the features of which are used to describe the affricate is laminal alveolar fronted (post-dental). Therefore, a notation d̟͡z̟ and d͡z̟ (combinations of the letter for the voiced alveolar sibilant affricate and a diacritic (or two) indicating fronted articulation) would be more appropriate. This article uses d̪͡z̪ for simplicity.

Features

Features of the voiced alveolar fronted sibilant affricate:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Armenian Eastern4 ձուկ About this sound [d̪͡z̪uk]  'snow'
Belarusian5 дзеканне [ˈd̪͡z̪ekän̪ʲe] 'dzekanye' Contrasts with palatalized form. See Belarusian phonology
Czech6 Afgánec byl [ˈävɡäːnɛd̪͡z̪ bɪɫ̪] 'An Afghan was' Allophone of /t͡s/ before voiced consonants. See Czech phonology
Italian78 zero [ˈd̪͡z̪ɛːɾo] 'zero' z may also represent /t͡s/. See Italian phonology
Kashubian9 example needed
Latvian10 drudzis [ˈd̪rud̪͡z̪is̪] 'fever' See Latvian phonology
Macedonian11 ѕвезда [ˈd̪͡z̪ve̞z̪d̪ä] 'star' See Macedonian phonology
Polish12 dzwon About this sound [d̪͡z̪vɔn̪]  'bell' See Polish phonology
Russian13 плацдарм [pɫ̪ɐd̪͡z̪ˈd̪är̠m] 'bridge-head' Allophone of /t͡s/ before voiced consonants. See Russian phonology
Ukrainian14 дзвін [d̪͡z̪win̪] 'bell' See Ukrainian phonology
Upper Sorbian15 example needed Allophone of /t͡s/ before voiced consonants.

See also

References

Bibliography

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  • Shosted, Ryan K.; Chikovani, Vakhtang (2006), "Standard Georgian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 36 (2): 255–264, doi:10.1017/S0025100306002659 
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