Voiced palatal affricate

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Voiced palatal affricate
ɟ͡ʝ
IPA number 108 (139)
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɟ​ʝ
Unicode (hex) U+025F U+029D

The voiced palatal affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɟ͡ʝ. It occurs in such languages as Hungarian and Skolt Sami, among others. The voiced palatal affricate is quite rare; it is mostly absent from Europe as a phoneme (it occurs as an allophone in most Spanish dialects), with the aforementioned Uralic languages being an exception. It usually occurs with its voiceless counterpart, the voiceless palatal affricate.

Features

Features of the voiced palatal affricate:

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Asturian1 uveyya [uβeɟ͡ʝa] 'sheep' See Asturian Phonology
Hungarian gyár [ɟ͡ʝaːr] 'factory' See Hungarian phonology
Norwegian Western and Central dialects2 leggja [leɟ͡ja] 'lay' See Norwegian phonology
Spanish Castilian3 yate [ˈɟ͡jate̞] 'yacht' Occurs only in the onset. See Spanish phonology
Skolt Sami vuõˊlǧǧem [vʲuɘlɟ͡ʝːɛm] 'I leave'

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (2): 255–259, doi:10.1017/S0025100303001373 
  • Menéndez García, Manuel (1965), El Cuarto de los Valles (Un habla del occidente astur) (in Spanish), IDEA, pp. 147–148 
  • Skjekkeland, Martin (1997), Dei norske dialektane: Tradisjonelle særdrag i jamføring med skriftmåla (in Norwegian), Høyskoleforlaget (Norwegian Academic Press) 







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