Washington County, New York
|Washington County, New York|
Location in the state of New York
New York's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 12, 1772|
|Named for||George Washington|
|• Total||846 sq mi (2,191 km2)|
|• Land||836 sq mi (2,165 km2)|
|• Water||10 sq mi (26 km2), 1.23%|
|• Density||75/sq mi (29.1/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,216.1 The county seat is Fort Edward.2 The county was named for the Revolutionary War general (and later President of the United States) George Washington.
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Washington County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. The other two were called Tryon County (later renamed Montgomery County) and Charlotte County.
In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York State.
In 1791, the Town of Cambridge was transferred from Albany County to Washington County.
In 1994, with the completion of the new municipal center, the county seat was moved from Hudson Falls to Fort Edward.
In 2006, Cambridge Town Supervisor Jo Ann Trinkle made history by becoming the first Chairwoman of the Board of Supervisors.
Washington County has four historic covered bridges, each listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
- Townsend Harris, the first United States Consul-General to Japan
- Grandma Moses, American painter
- Josh Carter, Musician in American music duo Phantogram
- Susan B. Anthony (February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was a prominent American civil rights leader who played a pivotal role in the 19th century women's rights movement to introduce women's suffrage into the United States. She moved with her family to Battenville, New York when she was six.
- Solomon Northup was a free-born African American fiddler who had a farm in Hebron before moving to Saratoga, New York. Kidnapped in 1841 and sold into slavery in Louisiana, he was freed in 1853, and that year published his memoir Twelve Years a Slave (1853).4 In 1984, the memoir was adapted as a PBS television movie entitled Solomon Northup's Odyssey, directed by Gordon Parks.
- Sigurd Raschèr (pronounced 'Rah-sher') (15 May 1907 in Elberfeld, Germany - 25 February 2001 in Shushan, New York) was an American saxophonist of German birth. He became one of the most important figures in the development of the 20th century repertoire for the concert saxophone.
- James Howard Kunstler (October 19, 1948). Author of "The Geography of Nowhere", "The Long Emergency", and the "World Made By Hand" novel series.
Washington County is a long narrow county located in the northeastern section of the State. It is known for its rich valley farm land and is part of the Great Appalachian Valley (also known simply as the 'Great Valley') which is a long narrow valley strip often between tall mountain ranges. The county transitions from the Taconic Mountains to the Adirondack Mountains, and from the Lake Champlain Valley to Hudson River Valley.
Much of the county is part of the slate valley of the Upper Taconic Mountains (Taghkanic, meaning 'in the trees'). The eastern boundary of Washington County is the New York–Vermont border, part of which is Lake Champlain. This is also the border with New England proper. The northern end of the county is part of the Adirondack Mountains. Western boundaries include primarily the Hudson River and Lake George.
Washington County belongs to the following valleys and watersheds: Champlain Valley / Lake George Watershed—02010001 5 Hudson River Valley / Hudson-Hoosic Watershed—02020003 6 Waters in the northern part drain into Lake Champlain via Lake George (Horican) or the Mettawee River, and then flow into the Saint Lawrence River (Kaniatarowanenneh). These waters mingle in the Saint Lawrence with waters of all the Great Lakes as they flow northeast into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, and ultimately join the Atlantic Ocean. Meanwhile, the remainder of waters drain south via the Hudson River (Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk or Muhheakantuck), and ultimately flow south into the Atlantic Ocean below New York City. See the approximation of the watershed divide mapped in context of mountains  and valleys .
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 846 square miles (2,191 km²), of which 835 square miles (2,164 km²) is land and 10 square miles (27 km²) (1.23%) is water.7 However, nearly half of its borders are by long bodies of water. Winding across the bottom of the county is the legendary Batten Kill (Dionondehowa), famous for its worldclass flyfishing, and its marvelous falls (near the Washington County fairgrounds).
Granville is known as the colored slate capital of the world. Geographically Washington County figured prominently in the underground railroad, with many crucial stops.
Black Mountain, part of the Adirondacks, is the tallest peak in Washington County, and has beautiful views of Lake George, Lake Champlain, the surrounding countryside, and the Adirondacks, Taconic Mountains and Green Mountains. Willard Mountain is a ski slope in southern part of the county.
- Essex County, New York - north
- Addison County, Vermont - northeast
- Rutland County, Vermont - east
- Bennington County, Vermont - southeast
- Rensselaer County, New York - south
- Saratoga County, New York - southwest
- Warren County, New York - west
As of the census9 of 2000, there were 61,042 people, 22,458 households, and 15,787 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 26,794 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.97% White, 2.92% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.5% were of Irish, 14.1% French, 12.1% English, 11.1% American, 9.0% Italian and 7.7% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.9% spoke English and 1.4% Spanish as their first language.
There were 22,458 households out of which 33.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 105.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,668, and the median income for a family was $43,500. Males had a median income of $31,537 versus $22,160 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,958. About 6.80% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.
The following public use airports are located in the county:10
- List of counties in New York
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, New York
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- History of Warren County, edited by H. P. Smith - Chapter XVI: To the Present Time
- Twelve Years a Slave
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Washington County Public and Private Airports, New York. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
- Crisfield Johnson, History of Washington County, New York: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Philadelphia: Everts and Ensign, 1878.
- William Leete Stone, Washington County, New York: Its History to the Close of the Nineteenth Century. New York: New York History Co., 1901.
- History and Biography of Washington County and the Town of Queensbury, New York: With Historical Notes on the Various Towns. Richmond, IN: Gresham Publishing Co., 1894.
- Political history/notable people of Washington County
- Richard Clayton Photography Vintage Washington County, New York and area photos
- Old Landowners Map of Washington County
- Twelve Years a Slave at Internet Archive (scanned books original editions color illustrated)
- Lake George Watershed -- 02010001 Northern Hebron's north-draining waters
- Hudson-Hoosic Watershed -- 02020003 Hebron's south-draining waters
- Mountains of Northern Appalachians Thick red line shows approx watershed divide
- Watershed divide Map of Champlain/Hudson valley divide w/Taconics
- Association for the Protection of the Adirondacks
- Adirondack Council
- Residents' Committee to Protect the Adirondacks
- Adirondack Mountain Club (ADK)
- Poultney Mettowee Watershed Partnership
- Lake George Land Conservancy
- Hudson River Watershed Alliance
- Battenkill Conservancy
- Battenkill Watershed Council
- NYS Adirondack Park Agency - Extensive park information
- Adirondack Park Visitor Interpretive Centers
- Hyde Collection Art Museum, Historic House & Gardens
- Rexleigh Covered Bridge Museum
- Georgi Museum European Art
- Slate Valley Museum
- Rathbuns Maple Sugar House Museum and Restaurant
- Hicks Orchard
- Pember Library and Museum
- Covered Bridge Tour
- Shushan Covered Bridge (official site?)
- Shushan Bridge, at New York State Covered Bridge Society
- Shushan Bridge, at Covered Bridges of the Northeast USA, a website developed by Hank Brickel
||Essex County||Addison County, Vermont|
|Warren County||Rutland County, Vermont|
|Saratoga County||Rensselaer County||Bennington County, Vermont|