Waterloo tube station

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Waterloo
London Underground
Waterloo tube stn entrance.JPG
Entrance to Jubilee line from Waterloo main line station
Waterloo is located in Central London
Waterloo
Waterloo
Location of Waterloo in Central London
Location South Bank
Local authority London Borough of Lambeth
Managed by London Underground
Owner London Underground
Number of platforms 8
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (Jubilee line only)1
Fare zone 1
OSI Waterloo NR 2
Waterloo East
London Underground annual entry and exit
2008 Increase 77.200 million3
2009 Decrease 75.957 million4
2010 Increase 81.570 million5
2011 Increase 84.120 million6
2012 Increase 88.16 million6
Key dates
1898 (1898) W&CR opened station
1906 BS&WR started
1926 Northern line started
1999 Jubilee line started
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°30′09″N 0°06′47″W / 51.5025°N 0.1130°W / 51.5025; -0.1130

Waterloo tube station is a London Underground station located within the Waterloo station complex that incorporates both the tube station and the mainline railway station. It is the busiest station on the Underground network7 with over 88 million passenger entries and exits in 2012, and it is served by four lines: the Bakerloo, Jubilee, Northern and Waterloo & City lines.

The station is situated in fare zone 1 and is located near the South Bank of the River Thames, in the London Borough of Lambeth.

History

The first Underground station at Waterloo was opened on 8 August 1898 by the Waterloo & City Railway (W&CR), a subsidiary of the owners of the main line station, the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR).8 The W&CR, nicknamed "The Drain",9 achieved in a limited way the L&SWR's original plan of taking its tracks the short distance north-east into the City of London.

On 10 March 1906, the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line) was opened.8 On 13 September 1926, the extension of the Hampstead & Highgate line (as the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line was then known) was opened from Embankment to the existing City & South London Railway station Kennington with a new station at Waterloo.8

As a subsidiary of the L&SWR and its successor, the Southern Railway, the W&CR was not a part of the London Underground system. Following nationalisation of the main line railway companies in 1948, it became part of British Railways (later British Rail). Following a period of closure during 1993 when the line was converted to use the four rail electrical system of the London Underground, the ownership of the Waterloo & City line was transferred to the Underground on 1 April 1994.10 Due to an Easter shut-down, the first Underground service on the line was on 5 April 1994.8

On 24 September 1999, the Jubilee line station was opened as part of the Jubilee Line Extension.8 The station was temporarily the western terminus of the extension running from Stratford in east London, before the final section to link the extension to the original line was opened between Waterloo and Green Park on 20 November 1999.8 The Jubilee line platforms are at the opposite end of the site from those of the Bakerloo and Northern lines, but the two ends are connected by a 140-metre (460 ft) moving walkway link (one of only two on the Underground; the other gives access to the Waterloo & City line platform at Bank station).

Today the station is served by London Buses routes 1, 4, 26, 59, 68, 76, 77, 139, 168, 171, 172, 176, 188, 211, 243, 341, 381, 507, 521, RV1, X68 and night bus routes N1, N68, N76, N171, N343 and N381.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 2014-01-26. 
  2. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-10-20. 
  3. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2008". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  7. ^ http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/corporate/modesoftransport/tube/performance/default.asp?onload=entryexit
  8. ^ a b c d e f Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  9. ^ Wolmar, Christian (2004). "Deep Under London". The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. p. 146. ISBN 1-84354-023-1. 
  10. ^ "Waterloo & City line, Dates". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 

External links

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Bakerloo line
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line
towards Stratford
Northern line
Charing Cross branch
towards Morden or Kennington
Terminus Waterloo & City line
Terminus







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