Waterloo tube station
Entrance to Jubilee line from Waterloo main line station
|Local authority||London Borough of Lambeth|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||8|
|Accessible||(Jubilee line only)1|
|OSI||Waterloo NR 2
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|1898||W&CR opened station|
|1926||Northern line started|
|1999||Jubilee line started|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portalCoordinates:|
Waterloo tube station is a London Underground station located within the Waterloo station complex that incorporates both the tube station and the mainline railway station. It is the busiest station on the Underground network7 with over 88 million passenger entries and exits in 2012, and it is served by four lines: the Bakerloo, Jubilee, Northern and Waterloo & City lines.
The first Underground station at Waterloo was opened on 8 August 1898 by the Waterloo & City Railway (W&CR), a subsidiary of the owners of the main line station, the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR).8 The W&CR, nicknamed "The Drain",9 achieved in a limited way the L&SWR's original plan of taking its tracks the short distance north-east into the City of London.
On 10 March 1906, the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line) was opened.8 On 13 September 1926, the extension of the Hampstead & Highgate line (as the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line was then known) was opened from Embankment to the existing City & South London Railway station Kennington with a new station at Waterloo.8
As a subsidiary of the L&SWR and its successor, the Southern Railway, the W&CR was not a part of the London Underground system. Following nationalisation of the main line railway companies in 1948, it became part of British Railways (later British Rail). Following a period of closure during 1993 when the line was converted to use the four rail electrical system of the London Underground, the ownership of the Waterloo & City line was transferred to the Underground on 1 April 1994.10 Due to an Easter shut-down, the first Underground service on the line was on 5 April 1994.8
On 24 September 1999, the Jubilee line station was opened as part of the Jubilee Line Extension.8 The station was temporarily the western terminus of the extension running from Stratford in east London, before the final section to link the extension to the original line was opened between Waterloo and Green Park on 20 November 1999.8 The Jubilee line platforms are at the opposite end of the site from those of the Bakerloo and Northern lines, but the two ends are connected by a 140-metre (460 ft) moving walkway link (one of only two on the Underground; the other gives access to the Waterloo & City line platform at Bank station).
Today the station is served by London Buses routes 1, 4, 26, 59, 68, 76, 77, 139, 168, 171, 172, 176, 188, 211, 243, 341, 381, 507, 521, RV1, X68 and night bus routes N1, N68, N76, N171, N343 and N381.
Travelator between Jubilee and Bakerloo/Northern line platforms
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 2014-01-26.
- "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-10-20.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2008". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
- Wolmar, Christian (2004). "Deep Under London". The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. p. 146. ISBN 1-84354-023-1.
- "Waterloo & City line, Dates". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Waterloo tube station.|
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
towards Harrow & Wealdstone
towards Elephant & Castle
Charing Cross branch
|Terminus||Waterloo & City line||