Wikipedia:Digital Object Identifier

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A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique identifier to a published work, similar in concept to an ISBN. Wikipedia supports the use of DOI to link to published content. Where a journal source has a DOI, it is good practice to use it, in the same way as it is good practice to use ISBN references for book sources.

How to use DOIs in content

There are several ways to cite a reference via DOI. In general, you should avoid entering explicit URLs to the doi.org website. By using one of the following methods, the actual links are centrally managed and can be adjusted if the external website alters the way the URLs must be formatted.

Wikipedia "doi:" interwiki links

A wiki-formatted link, for example:

[[doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2008.03.001]]

Is handled and displayed as:

doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2008.03.001

A DOI is not case-sensitive.

The {{doi}} template

This is an alternative way to generate a link to the article.

{{doi|10.1016/j.iheduc.2008.03.001}}

gives:

doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2008.03.001

It generates an external URL link rather than a wikilink. In addition, the "doi:" string is displayed as a separate link (to the Digital object identifier page) rather than being part of the reference link itself. This template is also used internally in the various {{cite}} templates.

CitationBot via the {{cite doi}} template

This method automatically looks up and fills out many details of the bibliography entry and formats it as a proper citation rather than just a bare link to the article itself.

{{cite doi|10.1016/j.iheduc.2008.03.001}}

is parsed and processed to give:

{{cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.iheduc.2008.03.001 | title = Web 2.0 authorship: Issues of referencing and citation for academic integrity | year = 2008 | author = Gray, K | journal = The Internet and Higher Education | volume = 11 | pages = 112}}

which is presented as:

Gray, K (2008). "Web 2.0 authorship: Issues of referencing and citation for academic integrity". The Internet and Higher Education 11: 112. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2008.03.001. 

Note that these wikipedia guidelines do not conform to revised DOI display guidelines issued by CrossRef, which recommend displaying DOIs in url format, for example, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2008.03.0011

Why use DOI?

This approach avoids a number of common issues with citations in Wikipedia:

  • Broken links as publishers or web server move or reorganise content (error 404).
  • Copy-paste errors in citation text.
  • Copyright violation, accidental or deliberate; the DOI citation goes to a source identified as appropriate by the rights owner.
  • Verifiability enhancements; the DOI will always lead to the correct source, so modifications of abstracts or even content is avoided.
  • Preferential treatment. DOI links, like our ISBN book sources, will offer the user a choice of sources where one exists.
  • Academic users may receive a local full-text source

See also

References

  1. ^ "CrossRef DOI Display Guidlines". CrossRef website. CrossRef. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 

External links








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