Help:IPA for Astur-Leonese

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Astur-Leonese pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. There are three main standards of Astur-Leonese, one of Asturian and one of Leonese in Spain, and one of Mirandese in Portugal. Neither Astur-Leonese variant is preferred over the other at Wikipedia except in cases where a local pronunciation is clearly more relevant, such as a place in Asturias or Miranda do Douro (Alto Trás-os-Montes) or a Leonese artist.

IPA Consonants
Asturias Province of León Miranda do Douro Examples English approximation
b vida/bida; palomba best
β faba; la vida/bida; cabra between baby and bevy
d dar; onde; aldea/aldé die
ð quedar this
f fartura face
ɡ gata; anguila got
ɣ agora; águila between go and ahold
ʝ ye/yê; oreya/ourelheira yes
k casa; quebrar; cual/qual scan
l l salir luck
ɫ sal wool
ʎ llingua/lhéngua; oreya/ourelheira roughly like million
m mirar; remar mother
n naide; sana need
ŋ manga; encantar; nun sing
ɲ añu/anho roughly like canyon
p pinga spouse
r ratos; carro rolled r
ɾ caro; cantar ladder in American English
s ser; estar/star; pasar/passar sack
θ cielos; zreza/cereija; paz/paç thing or sack
paz/paç de la tierra thing or zebra
ʃ ʃ xastre; caxa shop
ʒ axuntar/ajuntar; orixe/ourige shop or rouge
t tolos stand
chabola chop
z esmeráu/smerado zebra
IPA Marginal consonants
Asturias Province of León Miranda do Douro Examples English approximation
ɟ͡ʝ cuyyer between queue and due
ɖ ḷḷingua, patsuezu (in some local orthographies)1 guard
ɖʐ gin
ʈʂ chin
ts otso pizza
h artura; guae ham
x Jaén loch (in Scottish English)
IPA Vowels
Asturias Province of León Miranda do Douro Examples English equivalent
a a pá father
ɐ cup
ɐ̃ pan uhn-huh (nasal ɐ)
e e pie/piê pay
en lending (nasal e)
ɛ2 tres/trés best
ɨ fame roses
ɨ̃
i i fíu see
ĩ inda sheen (nasal i)
o o cold
õ corazón/coraçon (nasal o)
ɔ3 thought
u influence
u u camudar food
ũ una/ũa; cun loon (nasal u)
 
IPA Semivowels4
Asturias Province of León Miranda do Douro Examples English equivalent
j fierro/fiêrro; Uviéu you or boy
w puerta/puôrta wine or cow
 
IPA Suprasegmentals
Asturias Province of León Miranda do Douro Examples English equivalent
ˈ bottle
ˌ intonation
. u [ˈri.u] moai

Notes

  1. ^ Varies with a voiced retroflex affricate, a voiceless retroflex affricate and in southwestern asturian dialects a Voiced retroflex plosive.
  2. ^ May be a mid vowel: and ẽ̞, same as Leonese and Asturian /e/.
  3. ^ May be a mid vowel: , same as Leonese and Asturian /o/.
  4. ^ The semivowels /w/ and /j/ can be combined with most vowels to form diphthongs and triphthongs.







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