Wikipedia:WikiProject Scottish Islands/Populated Islands

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This is a list of inhabited islands in Scotland. The National Records of Scotland lists 93 inhabited islands in the 2011 census. They list a further 17 islands that are occasionally inhabited and "are included in the NRS statistical geography for inhabited islands but had no usual residents at the time of either the 2001 or 2011 censuses". There are an additional 5 islands that are either occasionally or permanently inhabited but are not listed by the NRS. It is not explicit why this should be the case - all are 'bridged' islands although some larger bridged islands are included. There are therefore a total of 115 Scottish islands that are occasionally or permanently inhabited.

  • F = populated freshwater island
  • N = no census figure available

Inhabited islands

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Rank Island Local Authority Population (2011 census) 2001 Rank Population (2001 census)
1 Lewis and Harris Western Isles 21,031 1 19,918
2 Mainland, Shetland Shetland 18,765 2 17,550
3 Mainland, Orkney Orkney 17,162 3 15,315
4 Skye Highland 10,008 4 9,232
5 Bute Argyll and Bute 6,498 5 7,228
6 Arran North Ayrshire 4,629 6 5,045
7 Islay Argyll and Bute 3,228 7 3,457
8 Mull Argyll and Bute 2,800 8 2,667
9 South Uist Western Isles 1,754 9 1,818
10 Great Cumbrae North Ayrshire 1,376 10 1,434
11 Benbecula Western Isles 1,303 12 1,219
12 North Uist Western Isles 1,254 11 1,271
13 Barra Western Isles 1,174 13 1,078
14 Whalsay Shetland 1,061 14 1,034
15 Yell Shetland 966 15 957
16 South Ronaldsay Orkney 909 16 854
17 West Burra Shetland 776 18 753
18 Tiree Argyll and Bute 653 17 770
19 Unst Shetland 632 19 720
20 Westray Orkney 588 20 563
21 Seil Argyll and Bute 551 21 560
22 Sanday Orkney 494 22 478
23 Hoy Orkney 419 28 272
24 Burray Orkney 409 24 357
25 Bressay Shetland 368 23 384
26 Stronsay Orkney 349 25 343
27 Shapinsay Orkney 307 27 300
28 Scalpay Western Isles 291 26 322
29 Great Bernera Western Isles 252 29 233
30 Rousay Orkney 216 31 212
31 Jura Argyll and Bute 196 34 188
32= Luing Argyll and Bute 195 30 212
32= Coll Argyll and Bute 195 35 164
34 Lismore Argyll and Bute 192 36 146
35 Iona Argyll and Bute 177 40 125
36 Grimsay Western Isles 169 32 201
37 Gigha Argyll and Bute 163 43 110
38 Raasay Highland 161 33 192
39 Eday Orkney 160 41 121
40 Eriskay Western Isles 143 38 133
41 Berneray Western Isles 138 37 136
42 Trondra Shetland 135 39 133
43 Muckle Roe Shetland 130 45 104
44 Colonsay Argyll and Bute 124 44 108
45= Papa Westray Orkney 90 53 65
45= Vatersay Western Isles 90 46 94
47 Eigg Highland 83 51 67
48 Flotta Orkney 80 48 81
49 East Burra Shetland 76 52 66
50 North Ronaldsay Orkney 72 49 70
51 Fair Isle Shetland 68 50 69
52 Fetlar Shetland 61 47 86
53 Easdale Argyll and Bute 59 54 58
54 Baleshare Western Isles 58 56 49
55 Housay Shetland 50 55 50
56 Foula Shetland 38 59 31
57 Kerrera Argyll and Bute 34 57 42
58 Holy Isle North Ayrshire 31 68 13
59 Wyre Orkney 29 66 18
60 Graemsay Orkney 28 64 21
61 Muck Highland 27 60 30
62 Egilsay Orkney 26 58 37
63 Bruray Shetland 24 61 26
64 Rùm Highland 22 63 22
65 Grimsay, South East Benbecula Western Isles 20 65 19
66 Papa Stour Shetland 15 62 23
67 Canna Highland 12 78 6
68 Ulva Argyll and Bute 11 67 16
69 Sanday Highland 9 79 6
70= Oronsay Argyll and Bute 8 83 5
70= Inchmurrin (F) West Dunbartonshire 8 69 13
72= Isle of Ewe Highland 7 70 12
72= Flodaigh, Benbecula Western Isles 7 71 11
74= Erraid Argyll and Bute 6 75 8
74= Eilean Tioram Highland 6 na 0
76 Innis Chonan (F) Argyll and Bute 5 97 1
77= Scalpay Highland 4 73 10
77= Tanera Mòr Highland 4 84 5
77= Auskerry Orkney 4 80 5
80= Inchtavannach (F) Argyll and Bute 3 86 3
80= Shuna, Slate Islands Argyll and Bute 3 96 1
80= South Rona Highland 3 92 2
80= Gairsay Orkney 3 85 3
80= Holm of Grimbister Orkney 3 na NNote 1
80= Moncreiffe Island (F) Perth and Kinross 3 87 3
86= Gometra Argyll and Bute 2 82 5
86= Eilean Shona Highland 2 74 9
86= Vaila Shetland 2 90 2
89= Danna, Scotland Argyll and Bute 1 81 5
89= Eilean dà Mhèinn Argyll and Bute 1 na 0
89= Soay, Skye Highland 1 77 7
89= Inner Holm Orkney 1 na 0
89= Inchfad (F) Stirling 1 93 2

Occasionally inhabited islands

These following are classified by the National Records of Scotland as "inhabited islands but had no usual residents at the time of either the 2001 or 2011 censuses."

Number Island Local Authority
1 Kisimul Castle/Caisteal Chiosmuil Western Isles
2 Castle Stalker/Eilean an Stalcaire Argyll and Bute
3 Eilean Horrisdale Highland
4 Eilean Loain Argyll and Bute
5 Eilean na Cille Western Isles
6 Ensay Western Isles
7 Inch Kenneth Argyll and Bute
8 Inchlonaig (F) Argyll and Bute
9 Inchcruin (F)Note 2 Stirling
10 Lamb Holm Orkney

These islands were classified as inhabited in the 2001 census but not in 2011. By implication they are classified as occasionally inhabited.

Number Island Local Authority 2001 Rank Population (2001 census) Comment
11 Papa Stronsay Orkney 72 10 The home of a religious order.
12 Lunga Argyll and Bute 76 7 Has an outward bound centre.
13 Davaar Island Argyll and Bute 88 2 Has a holiday home.
14 Eilean Bàn, Lochalsh Highland 89 2 Has a wildlife centre.
15 Inchcolm Fife 91 2 There is a visitor centre and probably summer inhabitation.
16 Eilean Donan Highland 94 1 The castle is in regular use.
17 Sanda Argyll and Bute 95 1 The island is for sale and has an occasional caretaker.

These following are not referred to by the National Records of Scotland although there it is clear they all contain residential buildings that are in occasional or permanent use. The NRS do not provide a definition of an island and it may be that some are excluded as they are bridged (although larger bridged islands are included in their listings).

Number Island Local Authority Comment
18 South Walls Orkney This was a tidal island until a narrow causeway was constructed over the sandbank connecting it to Hoy.
19 Eriska Argyll and Bute This is a bridged tidal island with a hotel.
20 Fraoch-eilean Western Isles A bridged tidal island adjoining Grimsay, it has numerous dwellings.
21 Contin Island (F) Highland A bridged river island with a church and a manse.
22 Eilean Aigas (F) Highland A bridged river island with a substantial mansion.

Notes

  1. ^ Press reports in March 2010 confirm that at that time the population of the island was at least 2.1
  2. ^ Referred to by the National Records of Scotland (2013) as "Inchruin", which is presumably a typo.
  • Forewick Holm was added to the inhabited list from June- December 2008 after extensive press coverage of the single inhabitant's activities.

References


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