Wind power in India
The development of wind power in India began in the 1990s, and has significantly increased in the last few years. Although a relative newcomer to the wind industry compared with Denmark or the United States, India has the fifth largest installed wind power capacity in the world.1 In 2009-10 India's growth rate was highest among the other top four countries.
As of 31 December 2013 the installed capacity of wind power in India was 20149 MW,23 mainly spread across Tamil Nadu (7154 MW),4 Gujarat (3,093 MW), Maharashtra (2976 MW), Karnataka (2113 MW), Rajasthan (2355 MW), Madhya Pradesh (386 MW), Andhra Pradesh (435 MW), Kerala (35.1 MW), Orissa (2MW),56 West Bengal (1.1 MW) and other states (3.20 MW).7 It is estimated that 6,000 MW of additional wind power capacity will be installed in India by 2014.8 Wind power accounts for 8.5% of India's total installed power capacity, and it generates 1.6% of the country's power.9 India's wind atlas is available.
The worldwide installed capacity of wind power reached 283 GW by the end of 2012. China (75,564 MW), US (60,007 MW), Germany (31,332 MW) and Spain (22,796 MW) are ahead of India in fifth position.11 The short gestation periods for installing wind turbines, and the increasing reliability and performance of wind energy machines has made wind power a favoured choice for capacity addition in India.12
Suzlon, an Indian-owned company, emerged on the global scene in the past decade, and by 2006 had captured almost 7.7 percent of market share in global wind turbine sales. Suzlon is currently the leading manufacturer of wind turbines for the Indian market, holding some 43 percent of market share in India. Suzlon’s success has made India the developing country leader in advanced wind turbine technology.13
|State||Capacity as on 31.03.2013(MW)14|
With peak wind power generation at close to 7000 MW, Tamil Nadu is one of the wind power hubs of South Asia. Tamil Nadu generates 40% of India's wind power.15 Major districts with wind farms are Tuticorin, Coimbatore, Kanyakumari, Thirunelveli and Tiruppur. The Government of Tamil Nadu in the recent times has been criticized for lack of proper management, irregular and long pending payment of arrears to the windmill investors, this has led to the new projects moving to other states for investment and the state is no-longer a preferred destination for wind energy investments.1617
Gujarat government’s focus on tapping renewable energy has led to sharp rise in the capacity to generate power using wind energy in the last few years. According to official data, wind power generations capacity in the state has increased a staggering ten times in just six years.
As per C-WET data, the total installed capacity in Gujarat stood at 3093 MW.4
2356 MW as per the news reported by Times of India, Dated 31.3.2012.citation needed
In consideration of unique concept, Govt. of Madhya Pradesh has sanctioned another 15 MW project to Madhya Pradesh Windfarms Ltd. MPWL, Bhopal at Nagda Hills near Dewas under consultation from Consolidated Energy Consultants Ltd. CECL Bhopal. All the 25 WEGs have been commissioned on 31.03.2008 and under successful operation.18
They generate a total of 600 MW of power. The agency has identified 16 sites for setting up wind farms through private developers.citation needed
Odisha a coastal state has higher potential for wind energy. Current installation capacity stands at 2.0 MW. Odisha has a windpower potential of 1700MW. The Govt of Odisha is actively pursuing to boost Wind power generation in the state. however it has not progressed like other states primarily because Odisha having a huge coal reserve and number of existing and upcoming thermal power plants, is a power surplus state.19
The total installation in West Bengal is 2.10 MW till Dec 2009 at Fraserganj, Distt- South 24 Paraganas. More 0.5 MW (approx) at Ganga Sagar, Kakdwip, Distt - South 24 Paraganas. Both the project owned by West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency (WBREDA), Govt. of WB and project was executed on turnkey basis by Utility Powertech Limited (UPL).citation needed
India's largest wind power production facilities (10MW and greater)20
|Power plant||Producer||Location||State||Total capacity (MWe)|
|Muppandal windfarm21||Muppandal Wind||Kanyakumari||Tamil Nadu||1500|
|Jaisalmer Wind Park22||Suzlon Energy||Jaisalmer||Rajasthan||127|
|Brahmanvel windfarm23||Parakh Agro Industries||Dhule||Maharashtra||528|
|Dhalgaon windfarm 24||Gadre Marine Exports||Sangli||Maharashtra||278|
|Vankusawade Wind Park||Suzlon Energy Ltd.||Satara District.||Maharashtra||259|
|Cape Comorin||Aban Loyd Chiles Offshore Ltd.||Kanyakumari||Tamil Nadu||33|
|Kayathar Subhash||Subhash Ltd.||Kayathar||Tamil Nadu||30|
|Gudimangalam||Gudimangalam Wind Farm||Gudimangalam||Tamil Nadu||21|
|Puthlur RCI||Wescare (India) Ltd.||Puthlur||Andhra Pradesh||20|
|Lamda Danida||Danida India Ltd.||Lamba||Gujarat||15|
|Chennai Mohan||Mohan Breweries & Distilleries Ltd.||Chennai||Tamil Nadu||15|
|Jamgudrani MP||MP Windfarms Ltd.||Dewas||Madhya Pradesh||14|
|Jogmatti BSES||BSES Ltd.||Chitradurga District||Karnataka||14|
|Perungudi Newam||Newam Power Company Ltd.||Perungudi||Tamil Nadu||12|
|Kethanur Wind Farm||Kethanur Wind Farm||Kethanur||Tamil Nadu||11|
|Hyderabad APSRTC||Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation||Hyderabad||Andhra Pradesh||10|
|Muppandal Madras||Madras Cements Ltd.||Muppandal||Tamil Nadu||10|
|Shah Gajendragarh||Sanjay D. Ghodawat||Gadag||Karnataka||10.8|
|Acciona Tuppadahalli||Tuppadahalli Energy India Private Limited||Chitradurga District||Karnataka||56.1|
|Poolavadi Chettinad||Chettinad Cement Corp. Ltd.||Poolavadi||Tamil Nadu||10|
|Shalivahana Wind||Shalivahana Green Energy. Ltd.||Tirupur||Tamil Nadu||20.4|
|Dangiri Wind Farm||Oil India Ltd.||Jaiselmer||Rajasthan||54|
Initial cost for wind turbines is greater than that of conventional fossil fuel generators per MW installed. 26 Noise is produced by the rotor blades. This is not normally an issue in the locations chosen for most wind farms.
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has fixed a target of 10,500 MW between 2007–12, but an additional generation capacity of only about 6,000 MW might be available for commercial use by 2012.8
The MNRE has announced a revised estimation of the potential wind resource in India from 49,130 MW assessed at 50m Hub heights to 102,788 MW assessed at 80m Hub height. The wind resource at higher Hub heights that are now prevailing is possibly even more.
- "World Wind Energy Report 2008". Report. "World Wind Energy Report 2008"
- "Indian Wind Energy and Economy". Indianwindpower.com. Retrieved 2013-08-06.
- Ministry of New and Renewable Energy - Achievements. Mnre.gov.in (2013-10-31). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- Welcome to Centre for Wind Energy Technology (C-WET), Chennai. Cwet.tn.nic.in (2013-02-31). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- "Mega power plants in AP and wind power in Orissa". Projectsmonitor.com. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- "National Thermal Power Corporation to Develop Renewable Energy Projects in Orissa, India". Azocleantech.com. 2010-03-27. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- "INDIAN WIND TURBINE-Installed Wind Capacity". Indianwindpower.com. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- India to add 6,000 mw wind power by 2012; but below target
- dead link
- "Physical progress MNRE". Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Global Wind 2012 Report
- Suzlon partners with Maharashtra in record year for wind power
- Lewis, Joassa I. (2007). A Comparison of Wind Power Industry Development Strategies in Spain, India and China
- State-wise Installed Capacity of Grid Interactive Renewable Power As On 31st March 2013. 
- Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency - Site. Teda.in (2012-09-30). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- TN power shortage is due to lack of proper management
- Irregular payment drives away windmill investors
- "Developer of Wind Power Estate". Wind Power India. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- "Wind power and solar energy in Odisha". REVE. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
- "Indian Wind Energy - Projects, Companies, Research, Data, Statistics - Energy Alternatives India". EAI.in. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- "Muppandal windfarm". Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- "Jaisalmer windfarm". Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- "Brahmanvel windfarm (India)". Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- "Dhalgaon windfarm". Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- "Shalivahana Green Energy | Bio Mass | Municipal Solid Waste | Wind Energy | Hydel Energy". Shalivahanagroup.com. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
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