Wind power in Portugal

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Wind power in Portugal describes wind power in Portugal as part of energy in Portugal and renewable energy in Portugal. In 2012, wind power capacity in Portugal was of over 4,500 MW. Wind share of total electricity consumption was 23%.1

In 2012, there were over 4500 MW of wind power nameplate capacity installed in (Mainland, excluding Madeira and Azores) Portugal. The major wind turbine manufacturers in the Portuguese market are Enercon, Vestas and Gamesa.

In 2013, Portugal generated 12208 TWh of wind energy, or 23% of its total production. The largest owners of wind farms (in December 2009) are Iberwind (19.8%), Enernova (EDP Renováveis) (16.3%), Generg (13.1%) and EEVM (8.7%). The record for highest instantaneous weight of wind energy was achieved in 13 November 2011 04:30 AM, reaching 93% of total consumption. The highest daily contribution of wind energy was attained in the same day at 70%.2 The record of wind power generation utilization was achieved on October 8, 2010 at 15:15 with 3235 MW.

Regional trends

Installed windpower capacity (MW)
Rank Distrito/R.A. 20083 Jun20094 20095 2010
1 Viseu 635.3 645.3 651.3 691
2 Coimbra 302.8 423.8 449.8 548
3 Castelo Branco 386.5 426.5 430.5 495
4 Vila Real 156.7 224.7 270.7 438
5 Viana do Castelo 308.8 326.8 356 356
6 Lisboa 273.9 294.3 313.5 309
7 Leiria 172.9 223.4 252.3 233
8 Guarda 115.3 150.5 162.5 150
9 Braga 121.0 147.9 147.9 151
10 Faro 75.0 133.0 135.0 144
11 Santarém 103.9 103.9 103.9 157
12 Porto 73.7 73.7 80.0 105
13 Bragança 14.0 39.0 74.0 73
14 Aveiro 42.1 42.1 42.1 41
15 Madeira 8.7 26.6 38.3 38.3
16 Beja 10.0 26.0 26.0 27
17 Setúbal 18.7 18.7 18.7 19
18 Açores 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6
19 Évora 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20 Portalegre 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Portugal total (MW) 2831.7 3337.6 35356 3987

Most of the Portuguese wind capacity is located in the north-northeast distritos. Viseu is the distrito with the largest installed capacity, followed by Castelo Branco, Viana do Castelo and Coimbra.

Major wind farms

The 240 MW Alto Minho Wind Farm in the Viana do Castelo district became fully operational in November, 2008 when Portugal's Economy Minister Manuel Pinho inaugurated it.7 At the time of completion it was Europe's largest on-shore wind farm.8 The wind farm began generating electricity in 2007, with production increasing as more wind turbines came online, reflecting the modular nature of wind farms. The wind farm consists of 68 Enercon E-82 2MW wind turbines and 52 Enercon E-70 E4 2MW turbines, totaling 136 MW and 104 MW, respectively.9 The wind farm will produce 530 GWh annually, avoiding 370,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions.7

Other major wind farms which are operating, or under construction, include: Arada-Montemuro Wind Farm (112 MW), Gardunha Wind Farm (106 MW), Pinhal Interior Wind Farm (144 MW), Ventominho Wind Farm (240 MW).

Other wind farms include: Pampilhosa Wind Farm which has a nameplate capacity of 81 MW and uses Vestas V90 turbines; Caramulo Wind Farm with a capacity of 84 MW, using Enercon E-70 E4 turbines; and Caneeiros Wind Farm with a capacity of 78 MW, using Vestas V90 turbines.9

Under construction

Major wind farms which are under construction include is the 112 MW Arada-Montemuro Wind Farm, in the Viseu district, which will use Enercon E-82 turbines.9

External links

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.quercus.pt/comunicados/2014/janeiro/3297-portugal-atingiu-valor-recorde-do-seculo-na-producao-de-eletricidade-renovavel-e-de-emissoes-de-co2-evitadas
  2. ^ http://novasenergias.org/energia-eolica/portugal-bateu-recorde-de-producao-de-energia-eolica/
  3. ^ Rodrigues, Álvaro (December 2008). "Wind farms in Portugal" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-12-05. 
  4. ^ Rodrigues, Álvaro (June 2009). "Wind farms in Portugal" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  5. ^ Rodrigues, Álvaro (December 2009). "Wind farms in Portugal" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  6. ^ http://www.ewea.org/fileadmin/ewea_documents/documents/statistics/general_stats_2009.pdf
  7. ^ a b "Europe's biggest wind energy park inaugurated in Portugal". Yahoo News. Thu, Nov 27 12:56 am. Retrieved 2008-12-05.  dead link
  8. ^ Tremlett, Giles (2008-12-02). "Europe's biggest wind farm switches on". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-12-05. 
  9. ^ a b c Rodrigues, Álvaro (March 2007). "Wind farms in Portugal" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-12-05. 







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