Winnemucca, Nevada

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Winnemucca, Nevada
City
Downtown Winnemucca viewed from Winnemucca Mountain
Downtown Winnemucca viewed from Winnemucca Mountain
Humboldt County and City of Winnemucca, Nevada
Humboldt County and City of Winnemucca, Nevada
Coordinates: 40°58′6″N 117°43′36″W / 40.96833°N 117.72667°W / 40.96833; -117.72667Coordinates: 40°58′6″N 117°43′36″W / 40.96833°N 117.72667°W / 40.96833; -117.72667
Country United States
State Nevada
County Humboldt
Named for Chief Winnemucca
Government
 • Mayor Dee Ann Putnam
Area
 • Total 9.4 sq mi (24.3 km2)
 • Land 9.4 sq mi (24.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 4,295 ft (1,309 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,396
 • Density 790/sq mi (300/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 89445–89446
Area code(s) 775
FIPS code 32-84800
GNIS feature ID 0844996
Website www.winnemuccacity.org

Winnemucca (Listeni/ˌwɪnəˈmʌkə/) is the only incorporated city in and the county seat of Humboldt County, Nevada, United States.1 As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 7,396,2 up 3.1 percent from the 2000 census figure of 7,174. Interstate 80 passes through the city, where it meets U.S. Route 95.

History and culture

The town was named for a local 19th-century chief of the Paiute, who traditionally lived in this area; he and his band had a camp near here. Winnemucca, loosely translated, means "one moccasin." The chief's daughter, Sarah Winnemucca, was an advocate for education and fair treatment of the Paiute and Shoshone tribes in the area. Their family all learned to speak English, and Sarah worked as an interpreter, scout and messenger for the United States Army during the Bannock War of 1878. In 1883 Sarah Winnemucca published the first autobiography written by a Native American woman,3 based on hundreds of lectures she'd given in the Northeast and mid-Atlantic. It has been described as "one of the most enduring ethno-historical books written by an American Indian."3

On September 16, 1868, the Central Pacific Railroad reached Winnemucca, and was officially opened on October 1 of that year.4 It was part of the transcontinental line.

On September 19, 1900, Butch Cassidy's gang robbed the First National Bank of Winnemucca of $32,640.

Winnemucca's brothel district, while smaller now than in the 1980s, is known as "The Line" or "The Ring Circle", based on the layout of the street where the brothels are located. Sex workers in the town must register their vehicles with the local police.5

According to a billboard along State Route 140 (the "Winnemucca to the Sea Highway"), Winnemucca styles itself "The City of Paved Streets".

Winnemucca is home to the Buckaroo Hall of Fame and Heritage Museum. It is also the headquarters of the Flawedcast Network.

Chinatown

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Winnemucca had a vibrant Chinatown. The Chinese originally came to the area as workers on the transcontinental Central Pacific Railroad, which reached Winnemucca in 1868. Some remained or returned to settle. During the 1890s, around 400 Chinese formed a community in the town. Among their prominent buildings was the Joss House on Baud Street, a place of worship and celebration. In 1911 the community was visited by Sun Yat-Sen, later to become Chinese president. He was on a fund-raising tour of the United States to help the revolution.6 The Joss House, the last structure associated with Chinatown, was demolished on March 8, 1955, by order of the Winnemucca City Council.78

Geography and climate

Winnemucca is located at 40°58′6″N 117°43′36″W / 40.96833°N 117.72667°W / 40.96833; -117.72667 (40.968212, −117.726662).9

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24.3 km2), all land.2

Winnemucca's climate is semi-arid (Köppen climate classification BSk), averaging a mere 8.28 in (210 mm) of precipitation annually. Summer days tend to be hot, but the temperature drops significantly at night. Winters are cold with generally light snow, with 20.9 in (53 cm) falling during a typical year. The highest recorded temperature in Winnemucca was 109 °F (43 °C), on July 11, 2002, and the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F (−38 °C) on December 22, 1990.10 Freezing temperatures have been observed in every month of the year.

Climate data for Winnemucca, Nevada (Winnemucca Municipal Airport), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1877–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68
(20)
74
(23)
82
(28)
90
(32)
98
(37)
106
(41)
109
(43)
108
(42)
103
(39)
94
(34)
77
(25)
70
(21)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 41.6
(5.3)
47.5
(8.6)
55.7
(13.2)
62.5
(16.9)
72.2
(22.3)
82.9
(28.3)
93.2
(34)
91.3
(32.9)
80.9
(27.2)
66.9
(19.4)
51.4
(10.8)
41.3
(5.2)
65.62
(18.68)
Average low °F (°C) 18.7
(−7.4)
22.8
(−5.1)
26.6
(−3)
30.7
(−0.7)
37.9
(3.3)
45.4
(7.4)
51.8
(11)
48.8
(9.3)
39.6
(4.2)
29.5
(−1.4)
22.4
(−5.3)
17.4
(−8.1)
32.63
(0.35)
Record low °F (°C) −36
(−38)
−28
(−33)
−3
(−19)
6
(−14)
10
(−12)
23
(−5)
29
(−2)
26
(−3)
12
(−11)
−2
(−19)
−10
(−23)
−37
(−38)
−37
(−38)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.87
(22.1)
0.66
(16.8)
0.83
(21.1)
0.89
(22.6)
1.12
(28.4)
0.56
(14.2)
0.25
(6.4)
0.18
(4.6)
0.44
(11.2)
0.67
(17)
0.88
(22.4)
0.93
(23.6)
8.28
(210.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.8
(9.7)
3.4
(8.6)
3.2
(8.1)
1.6
(4.1)
0.1
(0.3)
trace 0
(0)
0
(0)
trace 0.5
(1.3)
3.0
(7.6)
5.3
(13.5)
20.9
(53.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.2 7.8 8.2 7.7 6.8 4.1 2.3 2.0 3.2 4.7 7.8 8.0 70.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.7 3.5 2.7 1.9 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.5 2.9 4.6 21.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 161.2 175.1 229.4 264.0 331.7 348.0 396.8 359.6 306.0 257.3 153.0 148.8 3,130.9
Source: NOAA,11 HKO (sun, 1961–1990),12 Weather.com (extremes)10

Demographics

South Bridge Street in downtown Winnemucca
Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 290
1880 763 163.1%
1890 1,307 71.3%
1900 1,110 −15.1%
1910 1,786 60.9%
1920 1,934 8.3%
1930 1,989 2.8%
1940 2,485 24.9%
1950 2,827 13.8%
1960 3,453 22.1%
1970 3,587 3.9%
1980 4,140 15.4%
1990 6,134 48.2%
2000 7,174 17.0%
2010 7,396 3.1%
source:1314

As of the census15 of 2000, there were 7,174 people, 2,736 households, and 1,824 families residing in the city. The population density was 867.5 people per square mile (334.9/km²). There were 3,280 housing units at an average density of 396.6 per square mile (153.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.41% White, 2.23% African American, 0.89% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.60% from other races, and 3.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.74% of the population.

There were 2,736 households out of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 105.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,699, and the median income for a family was $53,681. Males had a median income of $47,917 versus $26,682 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,441. About 7.5% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under the age of 18 and 8.1% of those 65 and older.

Politics

The Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada has its headquarters in Winnemucca.16

Transportation

Winnemucca State Bank and Trust building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Sunset from the Winnemucca Mountain Road.
Winnemucca Basque Festival.

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Winnemucca. The California Zephyr provides a daily service in both directions between San Francisco and Chicago. The Winnemucca passenger rail station, at 209 West Railroad Street, is unstaffed and on-site ticket sales are not available.

Historically, Winnemucca was a station on the Transcontinental Railroad.

Winnemucca is the half-way point between Salt Lake City and San Francisco along Interstate 80, which passes through town. US Route 95 also goes through Winnemucca.

Winnemucca's airport is Winnemucca Municipal Airport. There are no scheduled passenger services.

Media

The Humboldt Sun is the local newspaper.

Employment

Many of Winnemucca's residents are employed by mining companies such as Newmont and Barrick Gold or by companies serving the mining industry. Carry-On Trailer employs over 100 residents at their manufacturing facility in the Airport Industrial Park. Other employers include the many casinos, hotels and restaurants located in the city.

Winnemucca Farms operates the world's largest potato dehydration plant.17

Education

Humboldt County School District operates schools serving Winnemucca.

Three K-4 elementary schools, Grass Valley, Sonoma Heights, and Winnemucca Grammar School, serve sections of Winnemucca. All of Winnemucca is zoned to French Ford Middle School (5–6), Winnemucca Junior High School (7–8), and Albert M. Lowry High School (9–12).

Notable people

In popular culture

Winnemucca is mentioned in the American version of the song "I've Been Everywhere", recorded, for instance, by Hank Snow (1962), the Statler Brothers (1973), Lynn Anderson (1970), and Johnny Cash (1993).

Winnemucca is featured prominently in the novel Revoltingly Young by C.D. Payne. It is a setting in More Tales of the City as the boyhood home of Anna Madrigal at the Blue Moon Lodge in The Days of Anna Madrigal: A Novel'' (Tales of the City) by Armistead Maupin. The city is also referenced in the North American version of the (originally Australian) song "I've Been Everywhere." The song begins, "I was totin' my pack along the dusty Winnemucca road."

In the movie "The Encounter", Jaci Velasquez's character Melissa is on a trip to Winnemucca when the primary plot events unfold.

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Winnemucca city, Nevada". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Omer Stewart, Review: "Gae Whitney Canfield, 'Sarah Winnemucca of the Northern Paiutes', Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma, 1983", Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology, 5(2), 1983, accessed 12 February 2014
  4. ^ Marden, J. P. (2005). "The History of Winnemucca" (PDF). Central Pacific Railroad Photographic History Museum. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  5. ^ Giang, Vivian (December 14, 2011). "Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Prostitution In Nevada". Business Insider. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  6. ^ Chew, James R. "Boyhood Days in Winnemucca, 1901–1910." Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 1998 41(3): 206–209. ISSN 0047-9462
  7. ^ "Humboldt Pioneers effort to save famed Joss House rebuffed by City Council". Reno Evening Gazette. 7 Jan 1955. p. 8. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  8. ^ Miller, Stanley (Sep 1963). "Baud Street Winnemucca". Desert Magazine. p. 23. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Winnemucca, NV (89445)". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  11. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  12. ^ "Climatological Normals of Winnemucca". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  13. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 159.
  14. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Nevada 2000–2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 18, 2009. Archived from the original on March 31, 2009. Retrieved May 9, 2009. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ "Federal Recognized Indian Tribes." National Congress of the American Indian. 2009 (Retrieved Dec 9, 2008)
  17. ^ Sherril Steele-Carlin (May 27, 2001). "Basquing in Winnemucca". americanprofile.com. 

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