Woensdrecht

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Woensdrecht
Municipality
Skyline of Woensdrecht
Flag of Woensdrecht
Flag
Coat of arms of Woensdrecht
Coat of arms
Location of Woensdrecht
Coordinates: 51°26′N 4°18′E / 51.433°N 4.300°E / 51.433; 4.300Coordinates: 51°26′N 4°18′E / 51.433°N 4.300°E / 51.433; 4.300
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Area(2006)
 • Total 91.99 km2 (35.52 sq mi)
 • Land 91.85 km2 (35.46 sq mi)
 • Water 0.14 km2 (0.05 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2007)
 • Total 21,511
 • Density 234/km2 (610/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Dutch Topographic map of Woensdrecht, July 2013

Woensdrecht (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality (named after the village) in the southern Netherlands.

Woensdrecht is the home of the Woensdrecht Air Base, which is located to the north-east of the village of Woensdrecht and to the north-west of Huijbergen.

History

Second World War

On 2 October 1944, at the beginning of the Battle of the Scheldt (2 October-8 November 1944), the Canadian 2nd Division began its advance north from Antwerp. Stiff fighting at Woensdrecht ensued on 6 October, the objective of the first phase. The Germans, reinforced by Battle Group Chill, saw the priority in holding there, controlling direct access to South Beveland and Walcheren Island. There were heavy casualties as the Canadians attacked over open, flooded land. Driving rain, booby traps and land mines made advance very difficult. On 13 October, what would come to be known as "Black Friday", the Canadian 5th Infantry Brigade's Black Watch was virtually wiped out in an unsuccessful attack. The Calgary Highlanders were to follow up with a more successful action, and their Carrier Platoon succeeded in taking the rail station at Korteven. Heavy fighting at Hoogerheide also ensued, but by 16 October, Woensdrecht was secured, cutting the land link to South Beveland and Walcheren. The Canadians was successful in completing their objective.

After that the Buffaloes, ground forces dedicating to causing as much impact to the enemy troops during the barrage, secured the Berserk pocket on the north side of the Scheldt river.

Cold War era

In 1983, it was decided that the United States would station 48 nuclear armed cruise missiles at the air base in the district, unless the USSR reduced their number of SS-20 missiles to 378. Since the number was still higher in 1985, stationing was to proceed. Among the Dutch population there was protest against this. The plan was cancelled in 1987 due to the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.

Population centres

Climate

The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Woensdrecht has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.1

External links

References








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