World Fantasy Award
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (December 2013)|
The World Fantasy Awards are annual, international awards given to authors and artists who have demonstrated outstanding achievement in the field of fantasy. Since 1975, when they were first awarded, they have been handed out at the World Fantasy Convention.
The awards are considered among the most prestigious in the speculative fiction genre,citation needed and can be awarded to any work falling within the realm of fantasy, although some media are restricted to certain categories.
World Fantasy Award winners are chosen by a panel of judges, which differs every year. The judges who presided over the 2010 awards were Greg Ketter, Kelly Link, Jim Minz, Jürgen Snoeren, and Gary K. Wolfe.1
Winners are chosen from groups of nominees (generally five or six per category), also selected largely by the judges, with two picked by members of the annual WFC. The World Fantasy Awards thus differ significantly in administration from other notable genre awards, such as Hugos or Nebulas. For the Hugos, the nominees and winners are chosen solely by members of the World Science Fiction Convention, while the Nebulas are awards for authors chosen by authors, specifically members of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America. Thus neither the Hugos nor Nebulas have overseeing judges.
Because of the small number of judges for the World Fantasy Awards, and because they usually try to read very comprehensively in the field, selections for the awards are often eclectic. For example, low-selling but high-quality works from small press publications, which may be overlooked by other awards, often receive a critical spotlight in the World Fantasy Awards.
The World Fantasy Awards are also unique in having categories for single-author collections and multi-author anthologies—categoriescitation needed which the Nebulas and Hugos lack.
At the 1991 awards, comic book The Sandman issue #19 "A Midsummer's Night Dream", by Neil Gaiman, won the Award for Best Short Fiction.2 The widely circulated story that the rules were subsequently changed to prevent another comic book from winning is not entirely true. The official website states: "Comics are eligible in the Special Award Professional category. We never made a change in the rules."3 Neil Gaiman and Charles Vess, however, won the Award under the Short Fiction and not the Special Award Professional category.
The award is a bust of H.P. Lovecraft, a notable author but also notorious racist. Nnedi Okorafor, who won the award in 2011, wrote that she approved of China Miéville's solution, who claims: "I put it out of sight, in my study, where only I can see it, and I have turned it to face the wall. So I am punishing the little fucker like the malevolent clown he was, I can look at it and remember the honour, and above all I am writing behind Lovecraft’s back."4
- Novella (10,001 to 40,000 words)
- Short Fiction (under 10,000 words)
- Anthology (multiple author - original or reprint - single or multiple editors)
- Collection (single author - original or reprint - single or multiple editors)
- Special Awards
- Convention Award
- Life Achievement
- Special Award: Professional
- Special Award: Non-Professional
- 2010 World Fantasy Award judges
- 1991 nominees and winners
- World Fantasy Award Judges
- "Lovecraft’s racism & The World Fantasy Award statuette, with comments from China Miéville.". Nnedi's Wahala Zone Blog. December 14, 2011. Retrieved December 15, 2011.
- World Fantasy Convention
- Past and present winners and nominees
- Excerpts and synopses for WFA winning and nominated novels