|• Governor||Shōmei Yokouchi|
|• Total||4,465.38 km2 (1,724.09 sq mi)|
|Population (February 1, 2011)|
|• Density||192.91/km2 (499.6/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-19|
|Flower||Fujizakura (Fuji cherry)|
|Tree||Kaede (Japanese Maple)|
|Bird||Uguisu (Bush Warbler)|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Universities
- 6 Sports
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Tourism
- 9 Media
- 10 Sister states and regions
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
As in most other Japanese regions, prehistoric society in Yamanashi progressed though the hunting, fishing and gathering stage of the Jōmon period, then the rice-producing stage of the Yayoi period and subsequent village and regional formation. The Maruyama and Choshizuka Kofun (earthen burial mounds) located on Sone Hill of Nakamichi Town (currently in southern Kōfu) are believed to have been built from the end of the 4th century. From these remains it can be assumed that the people of Sone Hill had great influence.
Among the many Kaigenji generations, those of the Takeda, Ogasawara, and Nanbu families were particularly prosperous. During the Sengoku period of the 16th century, Takeda Shingen attained the status of daimyō and built Tsuzuji Mansion and the Yōgai Castle in Kōfu. From this base, he attempted to unify and control Japan.
After Takeda’s death in 1582, Kai-no-Kuni came under the control of the Oda and Toyotomi clans before being subsumed into the Tokugawa shogunate during the Edo period. Beneath the Edo shogunate, the Kofu clan (based in Kuninaka, or Central and Western Yamanashi) and the Yamura clan (based in Gunnai, or Eastern Yamanashi) were formed, but in 1724 the area came under the direct control of the Shogunate. With the development of the Kōshū Kaidō (highway) and Fuji River transport, goods, materials and culture flowed into the region.
By the mid-19th century, the contradictions of military government and clan system caused stability to erode and resistance to erupt across Japan, paving the way for the Meiji Restoration of 1868.
After the Meiji government entered Kōfu Castle in 1868, the domain of the Kaifu government became Kai Prefecture. This province was renamed Kōfu Prefecture in 1869; and Yamanashi Prefecture in 1871.3 The anniversary of November 20, 1872 is now celebrated as Prefectural Citizen’s Day in Yamanashi.
In the early part of the Meiji period (1868–1911), industrial promotion policies furthered textile and wine making industries. In the late Meiji period, the Chūō Railway Line opened, also helping to develop local industry and culture.
Agricultural production in farm towns was small and from the 1910s through the 1920s there was much tenant strife. In 1926, the Minobu Railway Line opened, putting an end to Fuji River transportation.
The capital city, Kōfu, suffered heavy bombing during World War II. In 1945, as part of governmental occupation reforms, agricultural land reforms increased the number of individual farms and introduced fruit farming to the region. Industry and commerce grew at rapid speed during the following periods, and the 1982 opening of the Chūō Expressway lead to a growth of third-sector industries that continues to this day.
Yamanashi Prefecture is bordered by Tokyo, Kanagawa Prefecture, Saitama Prefecture, Shizuoka Prefecture, and Nagano Prefecture. The prefecture is landlocked, with mountains surrounding the central Kōfu Basin. Mount Fuji is located on the southern border with Shizuoka. Mt. Fuji provides rain shadow effects, and as a result, the prefecture receives only about 818 mm of rainfall a year.
As of April 1, 2012, 27% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chichibu Tama Kai, Fuji-Hakone-Izu, and Minami Alps National Parks; Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Park; and Minami Alps Koma and Shibireko Prefectural Natural Parks.4
Thirteen cities are located in Yamanashi Prefecture:
These are the towns and villages in each district:
Yamanashi has a sizable industrial base in and around Kōfu city, with the jewelry and robotics industries being particularly prominent. The surrounding area is host to a number of farms and vineyards. Yamanashi is one of the major fruit producing regions in Japan, being the top domestic producer of grapes, peaches, plums, as well as wine. In addition, roughly 40% of the mineral water bottled in Japan comes from Yamanashi, mainly from around the Southern Alps, Mt. Fuji, and Mitsutōge areas.
Yamanashi Prefecture has a sizable minority of Brazilians, approximately 15,000 people. The prefecture also contains a number of Nigerians and Indians.
- Tsuru University
- University of Yamanashi
- Yamanashi Gakuin University
- Yamanashi Prefectural University
- East Japan Railway Company
- Central Japan Railway Company
- Fuji Kyuko
- Chuo Expressway
- East Fuji Lake Road
- Kofu Yamanashi Road
- Route 20
- Route 52
- Route 137
- Route 138
- Route 139
- Route 140
- Route 141
- Route 411
- Route 413
- Route 469
Yamanashi is a popular destination for tourism. Mount Fuji, the Fuji Five Lakes region, the city of Kōfu, the nearby wineries, the fine temple Erin-ji, and the popular Kuonji Temple are a few of the most popular places to visit. The Fuji-Q Highland amusement park, with its new roller coaster Eejanaika, is also popular.
Eco-Tourism is another major attraction. The natural topography of the region makes Yamanashi a hiker's paradise. The tallest mountain in Japan, Mt. Fuji, and the second tallest mountain in Japan, Mount Kita, are both located within Yamanashi. Although not as tall, Mount Minobu offers stunning views if one joins the Buddhist pilgrims up to the summit of the mountain. Parts of the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park, and Minami Alps National Park are located in Yamanashi.
Given the area's volcanic activity, natural hot springs, or onsens, are found in abundance. Some of the more famous are Isawa Onsen and Yamanami Onsen.
- FM Fuji (FMF)
- Iowa, USA (since 1960)
- Minas Gerais, Brazil (since 1973)
- Sichuan Province, China (since 1985)
- Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea (since 1992)
- Saône-et-Loire, France (since 2000)
- Fairfield, California, USA (since 1970s)
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Yamanashi-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 1044, p. 1044, at Google Books; "Chūbu" in p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books
- 甲府市; Introduction of Kofu City; retrieved 2011-07-13
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yamanashi prefecture.|
- Official Yamanashi Prefecture homepage
- Osano Memorial Foundation website, publishers of a biannual informative magazine about Yamanashi