Yushui (solar term)
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The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms (節氣). Yǔshuǐ (pīnyīn) or Usui (rōmaji) (Chinese and Japanese: 雨水; Korean: 우수; Vietnamese: Vũ thủy; literally: "rain water") is 2nd solar term. It begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 330° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 345°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the Sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 330°. In Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around 18 February (19 February East Asia time) and ends around 5 March.
|辛巳||2001-02-18 14:27||2001-03-05 12:32|
|壬午||2002-02-18 20:13||2002-03-05 18:27|
|癸未||2003-02-19 02:00||2003-03-06 00:04|
|甲申||2004-02-19 07:50||2004-03-05 05:55|
|乙酉||2005-02-18 13:31||2005-03-05 11:45|
|丙戌||2006-02-18 19:25||2006-03-05 17:28|
|丁亥||2007-02-19 01:08||2007-03-05 23:18|
|戊子||2008-02-19 06:49||2008-03-05 04:58|
|己丑||2009-02-18 12:46||2009-03-05 10:47|
|庚寅||2010-02-18 18:35||2010-03-05 16:46|
|辛卯||2011-02-19 00:25||2011-03-05 22:29|
|壬辰||2012-02-19 06:17||2012-03-05 04:21|
|癸巳||2013-02-18 12:01||2013-03-05 10:14|
|甲午||2014-02-18 17:59||2014-03-05 16:02|
Each solar term can be divided into 3 pentads (候). They are first pentad (初候), second pentad (次候) and last pentad (末候). Pentads in Yushui including:
- First pentad: 獺祭魚, 'Otters make offerings of fish'. As fish begin to swim upstream, they are hunted by otters, which are believed to offer the fish to heaven.,
- Second pentad: 鴻雁來, 'The wild geese arrive'. Wild geese begin to make their northward migration, following the onset of spring.
- Last pentad: 草木萌動, 'Trees and grass put forth shoots'.
- First pentad: 土脉潤起
- Second pentad: 霞始靆
- Last pentad: 草木萠動