Zygomatic nerve

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Nerve: Zygomatic nerve
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Distribution of the maxillary and mandibular nerves, and the submaxillary ganglion. (Zygomatic nerve is second from top.)
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Nerves of the orbit, and the ciliary ganglion. Side view. (Zygomatic nerve labeled at bottom center.)
Latin nervus zygomaticus
Gray's p.889
From Maxillary nerve

The zygomatic nerve (temporomalar nerve; orbital nerve) is a branch of the maxillary nerve (itself a branch of the trigeminal nerve) that enters the orbit and helps to supply the skin over the zygomatic and temporal bones. The zygomatic nerve is not to be confused with the zygomatic branches of the facial nerve.

Structure

The zygomatic nerve arises in the pterygopalatine fossa. It enters the orbit by the inferior orbital fissure, and divides at the back of that cavity into two branches, the zygomaticotemporal nerve and zygomaticofacial nerve.

The zygomatic nerve carries sensory fibers from the skin. It also carries post-synaptic parasympathetic fibers (originating in the pterygopalatine ganglion) to the lacrimal nerve via a communication. These fibers will eventually provide innervation to the lacrimal gland.These parasympathetic postganglionic fibers come from the facial nerve (CN VII).

Additional images

See also

External links

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.









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