Augustinus

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Sanctus Augustinus
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Episcopus et Doctor Ecclesiae Catholicae
Natus 13 Novembris 354Tagastae (Algeria)
Mortuus 28 Augusti 430Hippone Regio
Attributa puer; turtur; graphium; concha: cor inflammatum sagittaque transfixum
Patronus braciatores, typographi, lippus, theologi
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Augustinus, vel Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis[1] (13 Novembris 35428 Augusti 430), etiam Sanctus Augustinus et Augustinus Beatus[2] appellatus, fuit Episcopus Hipponensis (loci hodie Annaba Algeriae), philosophus Latinus, et theologus ex Africa Romana, nunc Doctor Ecclesiae a multis habitus. Sua scripta magni momenti in evolutione Christianitatis Occidentalis fuerunt.

Fuit summus ex Patribus Latinis et inter summos omnium saeculorum, cuius auctoritas tum in Christianitatem mediaevalem Occidentis dominata est, ubi unus ex quattuor doctoribus ecclesiae habebatur, tum potentissimum, praeter Biblia ipsa, impulsum Reformationi praebuit, quocirca hodiernis et Catholicis et Protestantibus maius subsidium manet. Maximus vero pessimista naturae humanae fuit, quia ipse dixit: "Nemo habet de suo, nisi mendacium et peccatum" (Evangelio secundum Ioannem 5.1). Hic pessimismus non totus in regula fidei Ecclesiae Catholicae servabatur.

Vitarecensere | fontem recensere

Augustinus natus est Tagastae (hodie Souk Ahras nuncupatum) in Africa Septentrionali quodam Patricio, eo tempore pagano, et Monicae, piae Christianae, qui infantem eum catechumenum conscripsit quamvis baptizandum minime curavit. Dum educationem sequerebatur, et Tagastae, deinde apud Universitatem Carthaginensem, comprehensio fidei Christianae sane decrevit, sed in artibus litterarum et rhetoricae excellebat, quamvis linguam Graecam tamen nunquam didicit. Opera Ciceronis lecta succenderunt ei magnum philosophiae amorem per quem de Scripturis ecclesiae desperans ad Manichaeismum attractus est. Et dum rhetoricam artem primum in Africa, dein Romae (383) et Mediolani (384) docebat, fidei quidem Manichaeae adhaesit, cuius tamen postulationes philosophicae ei minus minusque placebant.

Mediolani Christianus factus est, conversione eius et baptismate per continuam intercessionem matris Monicae et praedicationem Ambrosii, Mediolanensis episcopi, effecta. Ipse scripsit discrimen evenisse quando auditis verbis cantatiunculae puerorum puellarumque in strata ludentium, videlicet "Tolle, lege," sustulit quidem legitque Biblia Sacra, immo primam eorum paginam quae patuit, e capitulo 13 epistulae Pauli ad Romanos. Verba "Nox præcessit, dies autem appropinquavit. Abiciamus ergo opera tenebrarum, et induamur arma lucis. Sicut in die honeste ambulemus: non in comessationibus, et ebrietatibus, non in cubilibus, et impudicitiis, non in contentione, et æmulatione: sed induamini Dominum Jesum Christum, et carnis curam ne feceritis in desideriis" (Rom 13.12–14) ei persuaserunt ut modum vivendi mutaret.

Operarecensere | fontem recensere

Opera sua sunt, inter alia permulta:

Vide etiamrecensere | fontem recensere

Notaerecensere | fontem recensere

  1. Nomen Aurelius est paene nullius momenti, tantum civitatem Romanam significans (vide Salway, Benet (1994). "What's in a Name? A Survey of Roman Onomastic Practice from c. 700 B.C. to A.D. 700". The Journal of Roman Studies (Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies) 84: 124–45 ).
  2. "Blessed Augustine of Hippo: His Place in the Orthodox Church: A Corrective Compilation". Orthodox Tradition XIV (4): 33–35 

Bibliographiarecensere | fontem recensere

  • Ancient Christian Writers: The Works of the Fathers in Translation. Novi Eboraci: Newman Press. 1978 
  • Augustine, Saint (1974). Vernon Joseph Bourke. ed. The Essential Augustine (2nd ed.). Indianapole: Hackett 
  • Ayres, Lewis (2010). Augustine and the Trinity. Cantabrigiae: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-83886-3 
  • Bourke, Vernon Joseph (1945). Augustine's Quest of Wisdom. Milwaukee: Bruce 
  • Bourke, Vernon Joseph (1984). Wisdom From St. Augustine. Houston: Center for Thomistic Studies 
  • Brachtendorf J. "Cicero and Augustine on the Passions". Revue des Études Augustiniennes 43 (1997): 289–308 
  • Brown, Peter (1967). Augustine of Hippo. Berkeleiae: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-00186-9 
  • Burke, Cormac (1990). "St. Augustine and Conjugal Sexuality". Communio IV (17): 545–565 
  • Burnaby, John (1938). Amor Dei: A Study of the Religion of St. Augustine. The Canterbury Press Norwich. ISBN 1853110221 
  • Clark, Mary T. (1994). Augustine. Geoffrey Chapman. ISBN 9780225666816 
  • Deane, Herbert A. (1963). The Political and Social Ideas of St. Augustine. Novi Eboraci: Columbia University Press 
  • Doull, James A. (1979). "Augustinian Trinitarianism and Existential Theology". Dionysius III: 111–159 
  • Doull, James A. (1988). "What is Augustinian "Sapientia"?". Dionysius XII: 61–67 
  • Fitzgerald, Allan D., O.S.A., General Editor (1999). Augustine through the Ages: An Encyclopedia. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.. ISBN 0-8028-3843-X 
  • Ferguson, Everett. 1999. Christianity in Relation to Jews, Greeks, and Romans. Londinii: Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-8153-3069-3.
  • Gilson, Etienne (1960). The Christian Philosophy of St. Augustine. L. E. M. Lynch, trans. Novi Eboraci: Random House 
  • Lawless, George P. (1987). Augustine of Hippo and His Monastic Rule. Oxford: Clarendon Press 
  • LeMoine, Fannie; Kleinhenz, Christopher, eds. (1994). Saint Augustine the Bishop: A Book of Essays. Garland Medieval Casebooks. 9. Novi Eboraci: Garland 
  • Lubin, Augustino (1659). Orbis Augustinianus sive conventuum ordinis eremitarum Sancti Augustini - chorographica et topographica descriptio. Paris 
  • Mackey, Louis (2011). Faith Order Understanding: Natural Theology in the Augustinian Tradition. Totonto: PIMS. ISBN 978-0888444219 
  • Magee, Bryan (1998). The Story of Thought. Londinii: The Quality Paperback Bookclub. ISBN 0789444550 
  • Magee, Bryan (1998). The Story of Philosophy: The Essential Guide to the History of Western Philosophy. Novi Eboraci: DK Pub. ISBN 078947994X 
  • Markus, R. A., ed. (1972). Augustine: A Collection of Critical Essays. Garden City, NY: Anchor 
  • Matthews, Gareth B. (2005). Augustine. Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-23348-2 
  • Nash, Ronald H (1969). The Light of the Mind: St Augustine's Theory of Knowledge. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky 
  • Nelson, John Charles (1973). "Platonism in the Renaissance". In Wiener, Philip. Dictionary of the History of Ideas. 3. Novi Eboraci: Scribner. pp. 510–15 (vol. 3). ISBN 0684132931 
  • O'Daly, Gerard (1987). Augustine's Philosophy of the Mind. Berkeley: University of California Press 
  • O'Donnell, James (2005). Augustine: A New Biography. Novi Eboraci: ECCO. ISBN 0060535377 
  • Pagels, Elaine (1989). Adam, Eve, and the Serpent: Sex and Politics in Early Christianity. Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-72232-7 
  • Plumer, Eric Antone, (2003). Augustine's Commentary on Galatians. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-199-24439-1 
  • Pollman, Karla (2007). Saint Augustine the Algerian. Göttingen: Edition Ruprecht. ISBN 3897442094 
  • Pottier, René (2006). Saint Augustin le Berbère. Fernand Lanore. ISBN 2851572822 
  • Règle de St. Augustin pour les religieuses de son ordre; et Constitutions de la Congrégation des Religieuses du Verbe-Incarné et du Saint-Sacrament (Lyon: Chez Pierre Guillimin, 1662), pp. 28–29. Confer editionem Lyon (Chez Briday, Libraire, 1962), pp. 22–24. Editio Anglica (Novi Eboraci: Schwartz, Kirwin, and Fauss, 1893), pp. 33–35.
  • Ruickbie, Leo (2004). Witchcraft out of the Shadows. Londinii: Robert Hale. pp. 57–8. ISBN 0709075677 
  • Starnes, Colin (1990). Augustine's Conversion: A Guide to the Arguments of Confessions I-IX. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfred Laurier University Press 
  • Tanquerey, Adolphe (2001). The Spiritual Life: A Treatise on Ascetical and Mystical Theology. Rockford, IL: Tan Books & Publishers. pp. 37). ISBN 0895556596 
  • Trapè, A. (1990). S. Agostino: Introduzione alla Dottrina della Grazia. Collana di Studi Agostiniani 4. I - Natura e Grazia. Rome: Città Nuova. p. 422. ISBN 88-311-3402-7 
  • von Heyking, John (2001). Augustine and Politics as Longing in the World. Columbia: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 0826213499 
  • Weiskotten, Herbert T. (2008). The Life of Saint Augustine: A Translation of the Sancti Augustini Vita by Possidius, Bishop of Calama. Merchantville, Novae Caesareae: Evolution Publishing. ISBN 1-889-75890-6 
  • Zumkeller O.S.A., Adolar (1986). Augustine's Ideal of the Religious Life. Novi Eboraci: Fordham University Press. ISBN 0823211053 
  • Zumkeller O.S.A., Adolar (1987). Augustine's Rule. Villanovae: Augustinian Press. ISBN 0941491064 

Nexus externirecensere | fontem recensere

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Biographia et iudicium
Bibliographia
Opera Augustini
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